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Cognitive Science of Science Explanation, Discovery, and Conceptual Change

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ISBN-10: 0262017288

ISBN-13: 9780262017282

Edition: 2012

Authors: Paul Thagard

List price: $9.75
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Description:

Many disciplines, including philosophy, history, and sociology, have attempted to make sense of how science works. In this book, Paul Thagard examines scientific development from the interdisciplinary perspective of cognitive science. Cognitive science combines insights from researchers in many fields: philosophers analyze historical cases, psychologists carry out behavioral experiments, neuroscientists perform brain scans, and computer modelers write programs that simulate thought processes. Thagard develops cognitive perspectives on the nature of explanation, mental models, theory choice, and resistance to scientific change, considering disbelief in climate change as a case study. He presents a series of studies that describe the psychological and neural processes that have led to breakthroughs in science, medicine, and technology. He shows how discoveries of new theories and explanations lead to conceptual change, with examples from biology, psychology, and medicine. Finally, he shows how the cognitive science of science can integrate descriptive and normative concerns; and he considers the neural underpinnings of certain scientific concepts.
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Book details

List price: $9.75
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 4/6/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 384
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
What Is the Cognitive Science of Science?
Explanation and Justification
Why Explanation Matters
Models of Scientific Explanation
How Brains Make Mental Models
Changing Minds about Climate Change: Belief Revision, Coherence, and Emotion
Coherence, Truth, and the Development of Scientific Knowledge
Discovery and Creativity
Why Discovery Matters
The Aha! Experience: Creativity through Emergent Binding in Neural Networks
Creative Combination of Representations: Scientific Discovery and Technological Invention
Creativity in Computer Science
Patterns of Medical Discovery
Conceptual Change
Why Conceptual Change Matters
Conceptual Change in the History of Science: Life, Mind, and Disease
Getting to Darwin: Obstacles to Accepting Evolution by Natural Selection
Acupuncture, Incommensurability, and Conceptual Change
Conceptual Change in Medicine: Explanations of Mental Illness from Demons to Epigenetics
New Directions
Values in Science: Cognitive-Affective Maps
Scientific Concepts as Semantic Pointers
References
Index