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Re-Emergence Locating Conscious Properties in a Material World

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ISBN-10: 0262015846

ISBN-13: 9780262015844

Edition: 2011

Authors: Gerald Vision

List price: $8.75
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Description:

The presence of sentience in a basically material reality is among the mysteries of existence. Many philosophers of mind argue that conscious states and properties are nothing beyond the matter that brings them about. Finding these arguments less than satisfactory, Gerald Vision offers a nonphysicalist theory of mind. Revisiting and defending a key doctrine of the once widely accepted school of philosophy known as emergentism, Vision proposes that conscious states are emergents, although they depend for their existence on their material bases. Although many previous emergentist theories have been decisively undermined, Vision argues that emergent options are still viable on some issues. In Re-Emergence he explores the question of conscious properties arising from brute, unthinking matter, making the case that there is no equally plausible non-emergent alternative. Vision defends emergentism even while conceding that conscious properties and states are realized by or strongly supervene on the physical. He argues, however, that conscious properties cannot be reduced to, identified with, or given the right kind of materialist explanation in terms of the physical reality on which they depend. Rather than use emergentism simply to assail the current physicalist orthodoxy, Vision views emergentism as a contribution to understanding conscious aspects. After describing and defending his version of emergentism, Vision reviews several varieties of physicalism and near-physicalism, finding that his emergent theory does a better job of coming to grips with these phenomena.
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Book details

List price: $8.75
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 7/29/2011
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 264
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Gerald Vision is Professor of Philosophy at Temple University. He is the author of Veritas: The Correspondence Theory and Its Critics (MIT Press, 2004) and other books.

Preface
Emergentism of the Mental Described and Defended
History and Background
Surveying the Landscape
Emergentism Depicted
Classical Emergentism
Problems and Refinements
Emergence and the Mental
Relevant Emergentist Theses
Theories of the Mental I: Eliminativism
Theories of the Mental II: Dualism
Variations on Physicalist Themes
Non-Reductive Physicalism Contrasted with Emergentism
Conclusion
Fleshing Out the View
Elaboration of Supervenience and Explanation
Supervenience Essentials
Supervenience and Emergentism
Explanation Essentials
The Conceptual Gambit
Some Alternative Formulations
Transition
Coincidence: Realization and Identity
From Supervenience to Realization
Realization and Identity
Objections
Artifacts as Temporary Properties of Matter
Identity and Persistence Conditions
Artifacts and Ontology
Causation: Oppositions and Propinquities
The Menace of Non-Physical Causation
Arguments against Mental Causation
The Lessons of the Criticisms
Too Many Causes
A Distinction between Mental and Neurological Properties
Downward Causation
Ultimate Particles and Descending Support
A Causal Nexus
Belief, Desire, and the Physical
Access Consciousness Revisited
Two Standards of Physicality
Access-Conscious Properties and Behavior
Elaborating and Augmenting
Interlude
Orthodox Alternatives
Physicalism: Chauvinism and Pluralism
The Physicalist Landscape
Multiple Realizability
The Rudiments of Chauvinism
Levels, Functions, and Forms
Dora and Commander Data
Pluralism
Representationalism
Prologue
The Setting for Further Disccussion
Intensionality and Intentionality
Semantics Nsturotazed
A Feature of Content
Optimal Conditions
Teteological Semantic Arguments
Nonreductive Physicalism and Pure Token Identity
Introducing Pure Token Identity
A Most Curious Conundrum
Background Conditions for Identity Claims
Undisputed Cases and Complications
Token Physicalism Revisited
Materially Kosher Explanation
Epilogue
References
Index