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Science of Vocal Pedagogy Theory and Application

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ISBN-10: 0253203783

ISBN-13: 9780253203786

Edition: 1986

Authors: D. Ralph Appleman, D. Ralph Appleman

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Description:

Drawing upon the sciences of acoustics, linguistics, and physiology, D. Ralph Appelman advances a system of teaching voice based on the International Phonetic Alphabet. His premises are: that vocal pedagogy requires an understanding of physiological and physical processes; that the singer and the voice teacher need pedagogical tools to link this scientific knowledge with the art of vocalization; that the word in the art song provides such a tool, for it conveys the primary meaning of the utterance; that the art song, therefore, demands intelligibility as well as beauty; and that if the art song is to attain the aesthetic level demanded by the music and the text, the singer must master a…    
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Book details

Copyright year: 1986
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Publication date: 2/22/1986
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 434
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.782

Preface
Theory
Vocal Pedagogy and Voice Teaching
Vocal Pedagogy and the Preparation of Teachers of Singing
Respiration
Singing Defined
Breathing for Singing
The Pulsated Drills
The Vibrato in Song
The Anatomical System and Mechanics of Respiration
The Muscles of Inspiration
The Muscles of Expiration
Phonation: the Larynx as a Biological-Biosocial Organ
The Larynx of Man Today
Musculature and Mechanics of Phonation
Theories of Laryngeal Vibration
Synthesis of Action in Phonation for Singing
The Anatomy of the Human Resonating System
Theories of Registration
Pedagogical Principles
Vocal Pedagogy and Laryngeal Controls
Laws that Govern the Vocal Sound
The Process of Sound Analysis
Phase, Reenforcement and Interference
Types of Vibration
The Phenomenon of Resonance
The Dissipation of Sound Energy--Damping
Analysis of Speech in Song
Formants and the Human Resonating System
Physiological Change and Formant Movement
Sound as Sensation
The Dualistic Nature of Sound
The Sensitivity of the Ear
Physical Aspects of Frequency
The Psychophysical Aspects of Pitch
The Physical Aspects of Intensity
The Psychophysical Aspects of Loudness
The Anatomy and Physiology of the Ear
Analyses of Sounds by the Ear
Application
Phonetics--The Linguistic Element of Interpretation
International Phonetic Alphabet
Exercises and Drills
The Sounds of German
The Sounds of French
Stress--The Emotional Element of Interpretation
The Semantic Character of Stress
The Linguistic Character of Stress
Stressing and Unstressing in Singing
Emphatic and Emotional Stress
Method of Determining Stress Points
Styles and Dialects--The Social Element of Interpretation
The Dialect Areas of the United States
A Dialect for Singing
Drills to Emphasize Dialectal Variation
Vowel Migration--The Intellectual Element of Interpretation
A Phonetic Approach to the Teaching of Singing
Teacher Preference
Phonemic Accuracy
Vowel Modification
Criteria for Reproducing the Basic Vowel
Rules of Diction and the Basic Vowel Theory
Communication Problems
Diction Problems in Singing Flowing Text
Kinesiologic Analysis of Speech Sounds in Singing
The Cardinal Vowels
Methods for Examining the Word in Song
Synthesis of Two Methods of Analysis
Terms Pertaining to the Parts of the Speech Mechanism
Terms Pertaining to the Production of Vowels
Terms Pertaining to the Production of Consonants
The Necessity for Phonemic Accuracy
Visual Analysis of Articulatory Movement
Vowel Migration Drills and Recorded Examples
Concone Exercises
Analyses: Basic Vowel [i]
Quality Alternate Vowel Closed [e]
Quality Alternate Vowel [I]
Basic Vowel Open [e]
Quality Alternate Vowel [[varepsilon]]
Basic Vowel [ae]
Quality Alternate Vowel [alpha]
Basic Vowel [[alpha]]
Quality Alternate Vowel [[characters not reproducible]]
Basic Vowel Open [o]
Quality Alternate Vowel Closed [o]
Quality Alternate Vowel [U]
Basic Vowel [U]
Neutral Vowel [Lambda]
High Central, Rounded Vowel [[characters not reproducible]]
Rounded Frontal Vowel [y] Long Umlaut U and [Y] Short Umlaut U
Rounded Frontal Vowel [oslash]
Rounded Frontal Vowel [oe]
French Nasal Vowel [varepsilon]
French Nasal Vowel [oe]
French Nasal Vowel [a]
French Nasal Vowel [o]
Semivowels [w], [l], and [r]
Stop Plosives [b], [p], [d], [t], [g], and [k]
Continuant Fricatives [f], [v], [s], [z], [[characters not reproducible]], and [[characters not reproducible]]
Continuant Fricatives [thetas], [[characters not reproducible]], [x], [J], [j], and [c]
Nasal Consonants [m], [n], and [eta]
Migration Drills: Basic Vowel [i]
Quality Alternate Vowel Closed [e]
Quality Alternate Vowel [I]
Basic Vowel Open [e]
Quality Alternate Vowel [varepsilon]
Basic Vowel [ae]
Quality Alternate Vowel [a]
Basic Vowel [alpha]
Quality Alternate Vowel [[characters not reproducible]]
Basic Vowel Open [o]
Quality Alternate Vowel Closed [o]
Quality Alternate Vowel [U]
Basic Vowel [u]
Neutral Vowel [Lambda]
High Central, Rounded Vowel [[characters not reproducible]]
Rounded Frontal Vowel [y] Long Umlaut U and [Y] Short Umlaut U
Rounded Frontal Vowel [o slash]
Rounded Frontal Vowel [oe]
French Nasal Vowel [varepsilon]
French Nasal Vowel [oe]
French Nasal Vowel [alpha]
French Nasal Vowel [o]
Record 5, Prosodic Elements in Song
Suggested Procedure for Using the Song Evaluation Guide
Evaluation Guide for Drills and Songs
Test Results
Bibliography
Notes
Index