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Science and Scientism in Nineteenth-Century Europe

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ISBN-10: 0252074335

ISBN-13: 9780252074332

Edition: 2007

Authors: Richard G. Olson

List price: $30.00
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Description:

Exploring the natural scientific foundations of far-reaching social ideologiesThe nineteenth century produced scientific and cultural revolutions that forever transformed modern European life. Although these critical developments are often studied independently, Richard G. Olson'sScience and Scientism inNineteenth-Century Europeprovides an integrated account of the history of science and its impact on intellectual and social trends of the day. Focusing on the natural scientific foundations underlying liberalism, socialism, positivism, communism, and social Darwinism, Olson explores how these movements employed science to clarify their own understanding of Enlightenment ideals, as well as their understanding of progress, religion, industry, imperialism, and racism. Starting with the impact of the French Revolution on scientific thought, Olson engages with key texts from J. B. Say, Henri Saint-Simon, Kant, Goethe, Darwin, Walter Bagehot, and Edward Bellamy to demonstrate the complex set of forces that shaped nineteenth-century thinking.
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Book details

List price: $30.00
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Publication date: 12/10/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 368
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.144
Language: English

Richard G. Olson is a professor of history at Harvey Mudd College. He is the author of The Emergence of the Social Sciences, 1642--1792 (Twayne Press, 1993) and Science Deified and Science Defied (University of California Press, 1990).

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Scientisms in the Aftermath of the French Revolution
Ideology
Saint-Simon, Saint-Simonianism, and the Birth of Socialism
Auguste Comte and Positivisms
Science and Culture in Germany and Britain
Naturphilosophie, Romanticism, and Nationalism
The Rise of Materialisms and the Reshaping of Religion and Politics
Early Victorian Culture: Public Science and Political Science
Evolutionary Perspectives
The Rise of Evolutionary Perspectives: 1820-59
Darwinian Evolution: Natural Selection, Group Selection, and Sexual Selection
"Social Darwinisms" and Other Evolutionary Social Theories
The End of the Century
The Problem of Degeneration in the Late Nineteenth Century
Conclusion
Notes
Index