Spells, Images, and Mandalas Tracing the Evolution of Esoteric Buddhist Rituals
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Koichi Shinohara traces the evolution of Esoteric Buddhist rituals from the simple recitation of spells in the fifth century to complex systems involving image worship, mandala initiation, and visualization practices in the ninth century. He presents an important new reading of a seventh-century Chinese text called the Collected Dharani Sutras, which shows how earlier rituals for specific deities were synthesized into a general Esoteric initiation ceremony and how, for the first time, the notion of an Esoteric Buddhist pantheon emerged.In the Collected Dharani Sutras, rituals for specific deities were typically performed around images of the deities, yet Esoteric Buddhist rituals in earlier…
Copyright year: 2014
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 8/5/2014
Size: 5.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall