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Animal Oppression and Human Violence Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict

ISBN-10: 0231151896

ISBN-13: 9780231151894

Edition: 2013

Authors: David A. Nibert

List price: $32.00
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Jared Diamond and other leading scholars have argued that the domestication of animals for food, labor, and tools of war has advanced the development of human society. But by comparing practices of animal exploitation for food and resources in different societies over time, David A. Nibert reaches a strikingly different conclusion. He finds in the domestication of animals, which he renames "domesecration," a perversion of human ethics, the development of large-scale acts of violence, disastrous patterns of destruction, and growth-curbing epidemics of infectious disease.Nibert centers his study on nomadic pastoralism and the development of commercial ranching, a practice that has been largely controlled by elite groups and expanded with the rise of capitalism. Beginning with the pastoral societies of the Eurasian steppe and continuing through to the exportation of Western, meat-centered eating habits throughout today's world, Nibert connects the domesecration of animals to violence, invasion, extermination, displacement, enslavement, repression, pandemic chronic disease, and hunger. In his view, conquest and subjugation were the results of the need to appropriate land and water to maintain large groups of animals, and the gross amassing of military power has its roots in the economic benefits of the exploitation, exchange, and sale of animals. Deadly zoonotic diseases, Nibert shows, have accompanied violent developments throughout history, laying waste to whole cities, societies, and civilizations. His most powerful insight situates the domesecration of animals as a precondition for the oppression of human populations, particularly indigenous peoples, an injustice impossible to rectify while the material interests of the elite are inextricably linked to the exploitation of animals. Nibert links domesecration to some of the most critical issues facing the world today, including the depletion of fresh water, topsoil, and oil reserves; global warming; and world hunger, and he reviews the U.S. government's military response to the inevitable crises of an overheated, hungry, resource-depleted world. Most animal-advocacy campaigns reinforce current oppressive practices, Nibert argues. Instead, he suggests reforms that challenge the legitimacy of both domesecration and capitalism.
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Book details

List price: $32.00
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 5/7/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.21" long x 0.74" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Nomadic Pastoralism, Ranching, and Violence
The Rise of Nomadic Pastoralism
Military Use of Domesecrated Animals in Agrarian Society
Domesecration and Mongol Violence
Violence and Hunger in the Middle Ages
Violence and Warfare in the Pre-Columbian Americas
Domesecration and the Americas
Animal Oppression and the Invasion of the Americas
Expansion of Commercially Driven Ranching
Ranching Violence and Destruction in Brazil
Domesecration, Human Oppression, and the Rise of Capitalism
The Spanish Invasion of the Philippines
Ranching and Violence in North America
Crop Damage, Conflict, and Warfare
Commercial Ranching and Violence
Ranching Expansion and Indigenous Displacement
Reign of the "Cattle" Kings
Domesecration in the Western Plains
Expropriation of Western Lands
The Bloody Western Bonanza
Growing Levels of Animal Oppression
Ranching in Canada
Capitalist Colonialism and Ranching Violence
British Invasion of Australia and New Zealand
Rancher Dominance in Latin America
Domesecration in Africa and the European Invasion
Social Construction of the "Hamburger" Culture
Corporate Engineering of Public Consciousness
Federal Policy and "Meat" Production
The Rise of Fast Food
The "Hamburger" Culture and Entangled Violence
The "Hamburger" Culture and Latin America
Hunger and Environmental Degradation
Repression and Poverty
"Low-Intensity" Terrorism
Domesecration and the Devalued
Global Ranching and Oppression in Oceania and Africa
Domesecration and Impending Catastrophe
Contemporary Ranching and the Oppressed
Growing Global Consumption of Domesecrated Animal Products
CAFO Explosion
Misuse of Finite Resources
Looming Regional and International Conflict
The Potential Global Influenza Pandemic
The Growing Pandemic of Chronic Diseases
New Welfarism, Veganism, and Capitalism
Veganism as a Global Imperative
Transcending the Capitalist System
Notes
Index