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Europe Through Arab Eyes, 1578-1727

ISBN-10: 0231141947

ISBN-13: 9780231141949

Edition: 2008

Authors: Nabil Matar

List price: $60.00
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Description:

Traveling to archives in Tunisia, Morocco, France, and England, with visits to Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Spain, Nabil Matar assembles a rare history of Europe's rise to power as seen through the eyes of those who were later subjugated by it. Many historians of the Middle East believe Arabs and Muslims had no interest in Europeans during this period of Western discovery and empire, but in fact they were intensely preoccupied with the naval and industrial development, politics, and trade of European Christendom. Beginning in 1578 with a major Moroccan victory over a Portuguese invading army, Matar surveys this early modern period, in which Europeans and Muslims shared common cultural, commercial, and military goals. He concludes with a detailed history of the decline of Arab-Islamic power and the rise of Britain and France. Matar focuses on how Spain, France, Britain, Holland, Italy, and Malta transmitted knowledge of Euro-Christians to the nonprint cultures of North Africans. With a translation of twenty primary texts, he presents the experiences of Muslim captives in Europe, who were the first to provide their compatriots with information regarding Christendom, and he recounts complex cultural encounters in which Muslim delegates met with Christian men and women and visited regions of high social, infrastructural, and artistic development. Matar reveals that the Arabs of the Maghreb and the Mashriq were eager to engage Christendom, despite wars and piracies, and hoped to establish routes of trade and alliances through royal marriages. With the rise of an intolerant and exclusionary Christianity and the explosion of European military technology, however, these links were destroyed and Muslims fell under the hegemonic expansion of Western power.
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Book details

List price: $60.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 11/12/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 352
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Acknowledgments
A Note on Transliteration
Chronology
List of Rulers
Introduction
Popular Sources: Accounts of Muslim Captivity in Christendom
The Captives "Speak"-and Write
Captivity and the Other
Captivity and Karamat
Captivity of Women
European Captives and New Muslims
Elite Sources: Muslim Ambassadors in Christendom
Al-Nafhah al-Miskiyah
Ahmad ibn Qasim and Fakhr al-Din al-Ma'ni II
The Widening Exposure
Ambassadors and European Women
Non-Muslim Ambassadors
Conclusion: Encountering the Dunya of the Christians
Nasr
Sina'a / Technology
Translations
1578: Letters of Radwan al-Janawy on Muslim Captives, in Tuhfat al-Ikhwan, Rabat National Library, MS Kaf 154, fols. 423-424, 427-428
After 1588: Description of the Defeat of the Armada, by Abu Faris 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Fishtali, in Rasa'il Sa'diyah, ed. 'Abdallah Gannun, 152-157
ca. 1589-1591: A Journey from Morocco to Istanbul and Back, in Abu Hasan 'Ali ibn Muhammad ibn 'Ali Muhammad al-Tamjruti, Al-Nafhah al-Miskiyah fi al-Safarah al-Turkiyah, ed. 'Abd al-Latif al-Shadhili, 28-29, 41-42, 65, 74-76, 84-86, 90-94, 128-132, 140-141
After June 1596: Description of the English Attack on Cadiz, in Abu Faris 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Fishtali, Manahil al-Safa', ed. 'Abd al-Karim Karim, 193-196
1613-1618: Description of Pisa and Florence, in Lunban fi 'Ahd al-Amir Fakhr al-Din al-Ma'ni al-Thani, ed. Asad Rustum and Fu'ad Afram al-Bustani, 208-224
1623: Expulsion of the Moriscos and the Miraculous Ransoming of Muslim Captives, in Al-Muntasir ibn Abi Lihya al-Qafsi, Nur al-Armash fi Manaqib al-Qashash, ed. Lutfi'Isa and Husayn Bujarrah, 138-141, 151-154
1633-1635: Letters from Tunis by Osman/Thomas d'Arcos, a Convert to Islam, Les Correspondants de Peiresc: Lettres inedites publiees et annotees, ed. Philippe Tamizey de Larroque, 2:23-28, 36-39. French original
1635: Letter About Muslim Captives Converted to Christianity, Rabat National Library, MS Jim 223, 101-103
1635: Expulsion of the Moriscos, Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Rafi' ibn Muhammad al-Andalusi, Al-Anwar al-Nabawiyah fi Aba' Khayr al-Bariyah, in A. Turki, "Wathai'q al-Hijra al-Andalusiyah al-Akhirah," Hawliyat al-Jami'ah al-Tunisiyah 4 (1967): 27-39
1642: Description of the World, in Ahmad ibn Qasim, Nasir al-Din 'ala al-Qawm al-Kafirin, ed. Muhammad Razzuq, 95-99
Before 1688: Christian Attack on Jarbah (Tunisia) in 1510, in Sulayman ibn Ahmad al-Hilati, 'Ulama' Jarbah, ed. Muhammad Qawjah, 32-39
1685: Bombardment of Tripoli, Libya, by the French Fleet, in Ahmad ibn Khaled al-Nasiri, Tal'at al-Mushtari, 2:28-30
1681-1691: Battle Accounts, in Taqayid Tarikhiyah, Rabat Royal Library, MS 12352
1590-1654: Euro-Tunisian Piracy, in Ibn Abi Dinar, Kitab al-Mu'nis fi Akhbar Ifriqiyah wa-Tunis, 190-202
Before September 2, 1706: Letter of Mulay Isma'il to the English Parliament, Les Sources ... Filalienne, ed. Brissac, 6:349-354
November 1, 1707: Letter from a Captive in France, ed. Jamal Vannan, Nusus wa Watha'iq fi Tarikh al-Jaza'ir al-Hadith 1500-1830, 144-145
1713: Letters of Bentura de Zari, Moroccan Ambassador Under House Arrest in London, National Archives, Kew, SP 71/16/63-65, 70-71. English original
January 12, 1717: Letter of Mulay Isma'il to Philip V, in Muhammad al-Saghir al-Ifrani, Rawdat al-Ta'rif, ed. 'Abd al-Wahab Benmansour, 133-134
1726-1727: On Quinine, in Husayn Khujah, Al-Asrar al-Kaminah, ed. al-Karray al-Qusantini, 31-43
Mid-eighteenth century: Captivity in Malta, in Abu al-Qasim al-Zayani, Al-Tarjumanah al-Kubra, ed. 'Abd al-Karim al-Filali, 192-193
1782: Muhammad ibn 'Uthman al-Miknasi. Falling in Love in Naples, in Al-Badr al-Safir li Hidayat al-Musafir ila Fikak al-Asara min Yad al-'Aduww al-Kafir. Rabat National Library, MS Ha 52, fols. 145-150
1798: Letter from a Female Captive in Malta, Muhammad Razzuq, Dirasat fi Tarikh al-Maghrib, 178-181
Notes
Bibliography
Index