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Manhattan Project Big Science and the Atom Bomb

ISBN-10: 0231131526

ISBN-13: 9780231131520

Edition: 2003

Authors: Jeff Hughes

List price: $28.00
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Description:

In the twentieth century, almost every aspect of science changed: it spread from insular universities to government, industry, and the military; new disciplines emerged, the boundaries between old ones blurred; and a dizzying array of new products and processes changed people's lives. But perhaps the greatest change was science's growth in scale, scope, and cost, as it was transformed from an activity in which small groups or individuals conducted experiments into "Big Science" -- a large-scale enterprise that is carried out by multidisciplinary and multinational groups of researchers, costs enormous sums, demands massive institutions of its own, and often represents a significant fraction of national budgets. These changes have often been ascribed to the Manhattan Project, the allies'project during the Second World War to build the atomic bomb. Established at Los Alamos and several other sites, the Manhattan Project brought together American, British, Canadian, and refugee European scientists to design and build the bombs that ultimately destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. At its height, the project was equivalent in size to the entire American automobile industry, employing 130,000 people and costing a total of $2 billion. Its outcome conferred new prestige to science and scientists, and it is widely deemed responsible for the massive growth and militarization of postwar science. But the Manhattan Project did not represent a radical break in the development of twentieth-century science. According to Jeff Hughes, it accelerated developments already underway. Drawing on recent scholarship, Hughes offers a lively reinterpretation of these epic events and considers the dramatic role the military and industry played in shaping not just the Manhattan Project, but the whole of twentieth-century science.
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Book details

List price: $28.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 10/8/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 200
Size: 4.50" wide x 7.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.484
Language: English

R. David Gustafson is Professor Emeritus of Mathematics at Rock Valley College in Illinois and has also taught extensively at Rockford College and Beloit College. He is coauthor of several best-selling mathematics textbooks, including Gustafson/Frisk/Hughes' COLLEGE ALGEBRA, Gustafson/Karr/Massey's BEGINNING ALGEBRA, INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA, BEGINNING AND INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA, BEGINNING AND INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA: A COMBINED APPROACH, and the Tussy/Gustafson and Tussy/Gustafson/Koenig developmental mathematics series. His numerous professional honors include Rock Valley Teacher of the Year and Rockford's Outstanding Educator of the Year. He has been very active in AMATYC as a Midwest Vice-president and has been President of IMACC, AMATYC's Illinois affiliate. He earned a Master of Arts from Rockford College in Illinois, as well as a Master of Science from Northern Illinois University.Jeff Hughes has taught the college algebra course continually for the past 20 years, and his firsthand experience with students lends itself to the innovative ideas he has brought to the text. He has led the way for the addition of the new features and the revised content in COLLEGE ALGEBRA, 10E. He teaches at Hinds Community College in Mississippi.

Illustrations
Acknowledgements
Introduction: Big Science and the Bomb Long
Before the Bomb
The Origins of Big Science Science, the Military and Industry
The Great War and After From Fission to Mission
The Origins of the Manhattan Project Los Alamos
Little Science on a Big Scale? Thin Man Becomes Fat Man
The Plutonium Implosion Programme From Trinity to Victory
Making and Using the First Nuclear Weapons After the Bomb
Big Science and National Security From Big Science to Megascience
The Age of the Accelerators The Invention of 'Big Science'
Large-Scale Science as Pathological Science Death in Texas
The End of Megascience?
Conclusions
The Myths of Big Science
Further Reading