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Hierarchical Perspectives on Marine Complexities Searching for Systems in the Gulf of Maine

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ISBN-10: 0231124899

ISBN-13: 9780231124898

Edition: 2002

Authors: Spencer Apollonio

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An application of hierarchy theory to the ecological workings of the Gulf of Maine and of marine ecosystems in general. The author explores the idea of natural constraints inherent in these ecosystems and the impact upon such systems when constraints are reduced or removed.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 10/30/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 320
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.60" tall
Weight: 0.484
Language: English

The Subject of the Search
Some Generalities About Hierarchy Theory and Some Examples
Physical Characteristics of the Gulf of Maine
Geological History
Fauna of the Gulf of Maine
Historical Abundances
Numbers and Kinds of Species
Marine Mammals
Former Abundances of Marine Mammals
Social Structure of Whales
Food of Whales
Mammals as Integrators
Numbers of Fish Species
Cod and Other Fishes
Organism Characteristics
Qualities of Organisms
Classifying Species
Examples of r- and K-selected Organisms in the Gulf of Maine
Approaching Hierarchy Theory and the Gulf of Maine
Kinds of Systems
Precursors and Synthesis
Hierarchies and Constraints
The Nature of Hierarchy and Constraints
Scales and Constraints
Hierarchical Asymmetry
Duality of Description
Hierarchical Integration
Hierarchical Incorporation
Nonpredatory Constraints
Constraints and Time Lags
Reducing Constraints
Top Versus Bottom
Continuity of Hierarchy
Hierarchical Applications
What Fisheries Do
Maintaining Natural Constraints
Fisheries Management Based on Ecosystems Principles
The Search Continues ...