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Social Policy and Policymaking by the Branches of Government and the Public-at-Large

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ISBN-10: 0231116829

ISBN-13: 9780231116824

Edition: 2001

Authors: Theodore J. Stein

List price: $75.00
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Description:

An essential resource for students of social policy and social welfare as well as for social welfare practitioners and other human services professionals, this text examines the policymaking activity of the different branches of the American government and of the public-at-large as well as the interactions between the branches of government and the general public in the formation and implementation of social policy. In addition to examining the role of the legislative and executive branches of government, Theodore J. Stein covers the often-overlooked role of the judiciary in policymaking. He addresses the ways social welfare practitioners should interpret (1) conflicting judicial rulings in cases where courts of equal jurisdiction rule differently on the same matter and (2) judicial rulings that signal significant changes in the law. The book looks at politics, practice, and implementation and provides a historical background of social policy and social work practice plus a wealth of descriptive and analytic information concerning policymaking processes, specific social policies, and the effect of social policy on social programs.
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Book details

List price: $75.00
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 3/8/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 512
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.398
Language: English

Theodore J. Stein is professor of social welfare at the State University of New York at Albany.

List of Tables
List of Figures
Preface
The Use of Terms and Data
Social Policy: an Introduction
The Policies That Concern Us
Policy Defined
Policymaking: The Role of the Legislative, Judicial, and Executive Branches of Government and the Power of the Public to Make Policy
Creating Statutes
Executive and Judiciary Branches
The Public-at-Large
Social Policy and Social Values
Social Values and Benefit-Conferring Policies
Selective and Universal Programs
Social Values and Civil Rights Policies
The Limits of Social Policy
Attainable and Unattainable Goals
Goals and Workable Interventions
Unintended Consequences
Summary
Social Workers and Social Policy: the Historical Context
Poverty in the Nineteenth Century
Benevolent Societies, the Charity Organization Movement, and the Friendly Visitor
The Progressive Era and Social Reform
Settlement Houses, the Progressive Era, and Social Reform
Settlement Houses and African Americans
Reform Through Legislation and the Courts
Dorothea Dix and the Care of the Insane
State Level Efforts
The Juvenile Court
The Beginning of Federal Involvement in Social Welfare
The End of the Settlement House Movement
The Emerging Profession of Social Work
The Schools of Social Work
Summary
Social Work and Social Policy: The Present Context
The Organization of Social Services
Public Agencies
Not-for-Profit Agencies
For-Profit Entities
Privatization
Privatization: Pro and Con
Forms of Privatization and Services Privatized
Policy and Practice
Professional Certification and Licensing
Confidentiality
Federal Statutes and Client Confidentiality
Disclosure of Confidential Information
Duty to Warn
Social Worker Liability and the Doctrine of Qualified Immunity
Summary
Social Welfare Policy in the Colonies and Early Nineteenth Century and the Discriminatory Treatment of Racial Minorities
Colonial America
The English Poor Law of 1601
American Revolution
Slavery
The Nineteenth Century
Abolition
Civil War
Reconstruction
Reconstruction Civil Rights Statutes
The Supreme Court
Immigration from China
Immigration from Japan
Internment of Japanese People
Citizenship
The Alien Land Law
Land Acquisition by the United States
Native Americans
Tribal Government
Summary
Issues, Problems, and Agenda Setting
Agenda Setting
The Media and Agenda Setting
Agenda Setting and the Use of Symbolic Devices
Stories
Metaphors and Numbers
The Resolution
Agenda Setting and Windows of Opportunity
Media Agenda Setting and Worthy Causes
Legislative Agenda Setting
Minority Agenda Setting
Minority Agenda Setting and the Voting Rights Act
Agenda Setting by the Executive Branch
The Public Role in Agenda Setting
Agenda Setting--The Courts
The Hierarchy of Courts
District Court Agenda Setting
Supreme Court Agenda Setting
Legalistic Concerns
Strategic Concerns
Summary
Policymaking
The Legislative Process
Introducing Legislation
Influences on Policymaking
Special Interest Groups
Think Tanks
Lobbying and Individual Action
The Executive Branch
Administrative Agencies and Administrative Law
The Delegation Doctrine
The Administrative Procedures Act
Judicial Review
Executive Orders
Authority for the Use of Executive Orders
Conditions for Use of the Executive Order
Ending Executive Orders
Policymaking by the Public-at-Large
Policymaking by the Judiciary
Sources of Judicial Authority
Institutional Reform Through Use of the Remedial Decree
Common Law Policymaking
Constitutional Interpretation
Changing Legal Precedent
Statutory Interpretation
Summary
The Federal Budget Process
Revenue Sources and Outlays
Sources of Funding for Social Policy and Programs
The Social Security Trust Fund
Financing Programs Through Federal and State Revenues
Funding for Civil Rights Legislation
Funding for Judicial Reform
The Budget Process: The Role of the Executive Branch
The Budget Process: The Role of Congress
Presidential Action
Budget Execution and Audit and Control
Federal Expenditures and the Federal Deficit
Balancing the Budget
Amending the Constitution to Achieve a Balanced Budget
The Line-Item Veto
Statutory Means to Reduce the Deficit
Summary
Poverty
Defining Poverty
Gathering Data to Determine How Many People Are Poor
Do Poverty Data Accurately Measure Poverty?
An Alternative Approach to Measuring Poverty
The Effect of Different Measures on Poverty Statistics
Census Bureau Definitions
Poverty Threshold and Number and Characteristics of People in Poverty
Education and Income
Family and Household Income
Income, Poverty, and Labor Force Participation
Race as a Factor
Family Workforce Participation as a Factor
Children in the Family
Job Loss and Poverty
Theories of Poverty
Culture of Poverty
Structural Poverty
Summary
Social Insurance
The Depression and the Role of the Federal Government
The Selling of Social Security
The Social Security Act
Title II: Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance
Source of Revenues and the Trust Funds
Benefits Are Progressive
Retirement Age, Continued Work, and Benefits
Taxation of Benefits
Social Security Benefits for Noncitizens
Disability
Periodic Review
Waiting Period
Incentives to Work
Status of the Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance Trust Funds
Problems in the Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance System
Fixing the Problem
Unemployment Insurance: Basic Program Definition and Operation
Covered Workers and Beneficiaries
The Ready, Willing, and Able to Work Requirement
Exhausting Benefits
Problems in the Unemployment Insurance Program
Workers' Compensation
Earned Income Tax Credit
Summary
Programs of Public Assistance
Aid to Dependent Children and Efforts to Control Caseload Size
Welfare Reform and the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Program
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Compared to Aid to Families with Dependent Children
Goals of the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Program
Program Operation
Participation in Work
Benefit Levels
State Discretion in Program Operation
Applying for Benefits
Strategies to Reduce Applications for Assistance-Diversion Programs
Strategies to Hasten a Family's Movement into the Workforce: Work First Programs
Incentive to Work
Welfare-to-Work Grants
Child Care and Development Block Grant
The Effects of Welfare Reform: What Do We Know?
Section 1115 Waiver Programs
Families Who Leave Welfare and Find Work
Issues in the Implementation of Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
Supplemental Security Income
Characteristics of Recipients
Recipients and Eligibility Rules
Evaluation Process
Disability in Children
Continuing Disability Reviews
Supplemental Security Income, Medicaid, and Food Stamps
Incentives to Work
General Assistance
Summary
Food and Housing
Food Programs
Hunger in America
The Federal Response to Hunger
The Food Stamp program
Number of Recipients and Declining Caseloads
Food Stamp Eligibility and Characteristics of Recipients
Food Stamps and Noncitizens
Food Stamp Benefit Level
Using Stamps
Participation in the Food Stamp and Other Programs
Food Stamp Work Requirements
Fraud and Abuse
Emergency Food Assistance Program
School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs
Child and Adult Care Food Program
Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children
Food for the Elderly
Housing
Housing Programs
The Home Investment Partnership Program
Federally Supported Home Ownership for Low-Income Families
Housing for the Frail Elderly and for People with Disabilities
Project-Based Housing and Rent Subsidies
Rental Subsidies
Housing Assistance for the Homeless
The Emergency Shelter Grant Program
The Single-Room Occupancy (SRO) Rehabilitation Program
Shelter Plus Care Program
Supportive Housing Program
Homeless Youth
Housing Opportunities for People with AIDS
Housing Assistance for Native Americans
Community Development
Shelters for Battered Women
Social Services and Housing
Summary
Health Policy
Medicare, Medicaid, and Children's Health Insurance
Medicare
Benefits
Services and Provider
Medicare Plus Choice Provider Plans
Medigap Insurance
Medicaid
Eligibility
Medicaid Reimbursement Rates
Services Provided
Long-Term Nursing Home Care
Children's Health
Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment Program
State Children's Health Insurance Program
Newborn and Mother's Health Protection Act of 1996
Other Policies Affecting Health
Title X Family Planning
The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act
The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency Act
Indian Health Services
Patient Self-Determination Act
Civil Rights Policies and Access to Medical Care
Continuing Private Health Care Coverage
Mental Health Parity Act
Health Care Reform
Solvency
The Uninsured
The Aging of the American Population
Medical Technology and Health Care Costs
Managed Care
Regulation of Managed Care Programs
Health Care Options
Managed Competition
Single-Payer Systems
The Oregon Health Plan
Summary
Civil Rights
Events Leading Up to Passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Congressional Authority to Enact Civil Rights Legislation
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
Employment
Advancement Within a Firm
Affirmative Action
Justification for Affirmative Action--Compensation or Diversity?
What Kind of Affirmative Action Programs Are Legally Permissible?
Class-Based Affirmative Action
Sexual Orientation and Affirmative Action
Sexual Harassment
Title IX of the Higher Education Amendments of 1972
The Vocational Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act
Access to Services
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Equal Pay Act
The Fair Housing Act
Summary
Social Services
Title XX Social Services Block Grant
Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency Act
CARE Act Emergency Relief Grant Program
CARE Act Grants
CARE Act Early Intervention Services
Grants for Coordinated Services and Access to Research for Women, Infants, Children, and Youth
Special Project of National Significance
Use of CARE Act Funds
Mental Health and Substance Abuse
The Mental Health Problem
Deinstitutionalization
The Center for Mental Health Services
Mental Health Services and Managed Care
Mental Health Services for Children
Mental Health Advocacy
Substance Abuse
Special Services for Women
Domestic Violence and the Violence Against Women Act
Programs for the Elderly
The Older Americans Act
Summary
Child Welfare
The Courts and Child Welfare
The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act
The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act
Entry into Foster Care
The Goals of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act and Protections for Children and Parents
Case Reviews
Adoption
Adoption Subsidies
Transracial Adoptions
The Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997
Model Adoption Laws
The Independent Living Initiatives
Abandoned Babies Assistance Act
The Indian Child Welfare Act
Data on Children Receiving Child Welfare Services
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program, Foster Care, and Child Support
Child Support Enforcement
Support Payments Are Unlikely to Prevent the Need for Foster Care
Summary
Education
Head Start
Children Served
Services Provided
Effectiveness of Head Start
The Migrant Education Program and Migrant Head Start
Elementary and Secondary Education Act
Education Language Proficiency
Homeless Children and the Stewart B. McKinney Act
The Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act
Definition of Disability
State Plans Required
Free Appropriate Public Education and the Individualized Education Plans
Development of the Individualized Education Plan
Related Services
Education in Public, Private, and Residential Settings
Mainstreaming
Procedural Safeguards
Special Grant Programs
Summary
Implementation
Scholarly Interest in the Subject of Implementation
The Legislative Role in Implmentation
Funding
Limiting the Use of Funds to Achieve Political Ends
Statutory Language
System for Monitoring Implementation and Ongoing Practice
Senate Approval of Officials to Head Executive Agencies
The Right to Sue
Role of Administrative Agencies in Implementation
Role of the Courts in Implementation
Role of Program Administrators and Program Staff in Implementation
Communication
Summary
Policy Practice
Why Engage in Policy Practice?
The Tasks That Define Policy Practice
Understanding the Legislative Process
Learning About the Subject Matter of a Bill
Advocacy
Agenda Setting
Assessing the Feasibility of Change
Policy Analysis
Testifying
Lobbying
Public Demonstrations
Policy Impact
Summary
Guide to On-Line Research
Notes
Bibliography
Index