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Principles of Paleoclimatology

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ISBN-10: 0231109555

ISBN-13: 9780231109550

Edition: 1999

Authors: Thomas M. Cronin

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Greenhouse gases, global warming, thinning ozone layers -- understanding the Earth's climatic changes is one of today's most pressing international concerns. How fast has the climate changed? Where and why is it changing? What is the impact of climate change on our ecosystems, coastal regions, glaciers, forests, and lakes, and even on the evolution of our own species? This introduction to the rapidly emerging field of paleoclimatology explains the patterns and processes in the history of the Earth's climate to answer such essential questions. Using the geologic records of ocean and lake sediment, ice cores, corals, and other natural archives, Principles of Paleoclimatology describes the…    
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Book details

Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 7/27/1999
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 592
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Thomas M. Cronin is an adjunct professor in the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University in Washington D.C. He is also a research geologist at the United States Geological Survey in Reston, Virginia.

Contemporary Issues in Climate Change: The Role of Paleoclimatology
Models and Observations
Paleoclimatology: The Time Dimension
Early Thoughts and Contemporary Sources
A Brief Outline of This Book
Principles of Paleoclimatology
Introduction: A Multidisciplinary Approach in Paleoclimatology
Defining the Principles of Paleoclimatology
Causes of Climate Change: The Climate System
"Time Is of the Essence"
Strategies to Study Climate History
The Development of an Annual-Resolution Deglacial Chronology
Proxies of Climate
The Evolution of Glacial-Age Climatology
Vital Effects: Biological Aspects of Paleoclimatology
Biological Principles in Paleoclimatology
A Conceptual Framework of Biology and Climate Change
Scale in Paleoclimatology
Real Biological Entities or Heuristic Constructs?
Biological Concepts in Paleoclimatology
Orbital Climate Change
The Jia-Yi Monument
Early Development of Orbital Theory
Support for Orbital Theory from Geochronology
The Deep-Sea Record of Orbital Climate Change
Fundamental Tenets of Modern Orbital Theory
Geologic and Biotic Evidence for Orbital Climate Change
Challenges to Orbital Theory
Modeling Orbital Climate Change
Closing Comments
Millennial-Scale Climate Change
Dryas octopetala
Early Evidence for Rapid Climate Change
Ice and Millennial-Scale Climate Change
The Younger Dryas and Other Rapid Climate Events During Deglaciation
Heinrich Events and Dansgaard-Oeschger Cycles: Millennial-Scale Climate Change During
Glacial Periods
The Eemian: Climatic Variability During the Last Interglacial Period
Holocene Centennial and Decadal Climatic Variability
Polar Bears and Potatoes: Human History and Holocene Climate
Classical Holocene Climate Chronology
Early and Middle Holocene Climatic History
Late Holocene Climate History
Forcing Mechanisms of Centennial and Decadal Holocene Climate
Concluding Remarks
Interannual Climate Change in the Tropics: ENSO
La Corriente del Nino
Interannual Paleoclimatology
Aspects of the Modern El Nino--Southern Oscillation
Paleoclimate Records of Tropical Seasonal and Interannual Climate
Goddard Institute of Space Studies General Circulation Model of Isotopic Response to Interannual Climate
Sea-Level Change
By Land or by Sea?
Early Concepts of Sea-Level Change
Geological, Geochemical, Geophysical, and Biological Evidence for Sea-Level Change
Processes Affecting Sea-Level Change
Cenozoic Sea Level: Tectono-eustasy Versus Glacio-eustasy
Quaternary Sea-Level History
Historical Sea-Level Change
Paleo-atmospheres: The Ice-Core Record of Climate Change
Atmospheric Change: Human and Natural Factors
The Ice-Core Record of Paleo-atmospheres and Climate Change
"One Thousand Centuries": The Camp Century Climate Record
Climate Proxies from Ice Cores
The Dating and Correlation of Ice Cores
Glacial-Interglacial Climate, Carbon Dioxide, and Methane
Millennial-Scale Atmospheric Variability and Climatic Change
The "Flickering Switch" of Climate
Mechanisms of Climate Change