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Literate Mind A Study of Its Scope and Limitations

ISBN-10: 0230201199

ISBN-13: 9780230201194

Edition: 2012

Authors: Andrew Wells

List price: $56.50
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Description:

Wells discusses how literacy affects human cognition from an ecological functionalism viewpoint by using the Turing machine, specifically the universal machine, as a model for the human mind.
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Book details

List price: $56.50
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Publication date: 3/15/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 6.14" wide x 9.21" long x 0.63" tall
Weight: 0.946
Language: English

Peter Dunn is the global head of Green Chemistry at Pfizer. He did his PhD with Professor Charles Rees at Imperial College, London followed by postdoctoral research with Professor Albert Eschenmoser (ETH, Zurich) and Henry Rapoport (University of California, Berkeley). He joined Pfizer in 1989 and worked in the Chemical R&D department for 17years during which time he became the inventor of processes to make a number of drugs including ViagraTM and EnablexTM. He took up his current post in Green Chemistry in 2006 and became co-chair of the American Chemical Society Green Chemistry Institute Pharmaceutical Roundtable in 2007.#60;br#62;#60;br#62;Michael Williams joined Pfizer in 1972 following his PhD with Professor Charles Rees (University of Liverpool), and rose to become Executive Director and Departmental Head of UK Chemical R&D in 2003. His mid-career responsibilities included the Medicinal Chemistry interface, outsourcing initiatives and technology adoption. In addition to his experience with about 50 early drug candidates, he played a significant role in the late development, filing and commercialization of many agents including ZoloftTM, ViagraTM and RelpaxTM. Since retiring from Pfizer in late 2007, he has become an independent CMC consultant.#60;br#62;#60;br#62;Andy Wells is a Principal Scientist in the AstraZeneca Global Process R&D Group. Following a BSc and PhD at Essex University he joined Chemical Development at SmithKline & French in 1986, (SmithKline Beecham in 1989). Experienced in all aspects of organic synthesis and scale-up, he has special interests in chemo-catalysis, biocatalysis and green chemistry. Whilst at SmithKline Beecham he won a corporate Green Chemistry/Technology award in 1999. He currently leads the AstraZeneca Green Chemistry group and is co-chair of American Chemical Society Green Chemistry Institute Pharmaceutical Roundtable. He is also on the international advisory board of the journal, ChemSusChem.#60;br#62;#60;br#62;

List of Tables
Acknowledgements
Literacy in the World Today
Introduction
Benefits of literacy
Negative effects of literacy
The objectivity of mathematics
The multidisciplinary study of literacy
Realism and constructivism
Science, society, and language
Skills and social practices
Literacy is a contested domain
Literacy and computation
Autonomy versus social practices?
Literacy and evolution
The ecological study of literacy
Literacy and human nature
Literacy and the imagination
Summary
Social Construction and Independent Reality
The social construction of reality
Constructivism and language games
Social construction and biology
Intentionality
Biological naturalism
The literate ecology has objective and subjective aspects
Multiple interpretations
The syntactic foundations of meaning
Syntax and semantics
The social construction of literacy
Universal Human Nature and the Study of Literacy
The case for evolutionary theory
Darwinism provides a new approach to the study of literacy
Universal human nature
Literacy builds on human universals
Donald Brown's list of Human Universals (from Pinker 2002)
The Literate Ecology
The ecological approach emphasises both the environment and the organism
The ecological approach emphasises both ideas and external representations of them
Literacy requires a range of types of environmental support
The literate ecology has two principal levels
The literate ecology rests on a set of assumptions called the Background
The analysis of the Background is Darwinian
The Evolution of Cooperation and Selfishness
Evolution results in the appearance of design
Evolution explains the appearance of design
The literacy literature typically does not refer to evolutionary theory
Evolutionary theory explains the non-literate mind
Evolutionary time scales are hard to grasp intuitively
The evolutionary process has three fundamental drivers
Competition leads to the evolution of selfishness
Selfishness is relevant to the study of literacy
Altruism and co-operation are also products of evolution
Group selection is a weaker force than individual selection
Evolution and education for all
Sexual Selection, Sex Differences, and Social Evolution
Sexual selection
Competition and choice
Sex ratios
Fertility rates
Sexual selection and human universals
Sex differences and literacy
The social functions of the intellect
Turing Machines: Syntactic Foundations for the Study of Literacy
A syntactic perspective on texts
A syntactic perspective on minds
Turing machines
The co-design of functional states and symbol structures
Summary
The Scope of the Literate Mind
Literacy separates syntax from semantics
The literate mind is infinitely powerful
Literacy augments the powers of the non-literate mind
Stable, durable texts provide new opportunities for human minds
Symbol systems have objective properties
Mathematics underpins objective science
Literacy promotes objectivity in nonmathematical disciplines
Literacy transforms the social ecology
Summary
Literacy in the Age of Computers and the Internet
Computers and the fundamental syntax of literacy
Computers are practical versions of universal Turing machines
Stand alone computing
The internet revolution
The added value of the internet
Summary
Grounding the Literacy Episteme
The literacy episteme
Against relativism
Literacy scholarship in the 1960s
Autonomy and ideology revisited
The capabilities approach
Summary
The Limitations of the Literate Mind
Reasoning cannot be captured fully by formal methods (but without literacy we would not know this)
Evolved limitations of literate processes
Summary
The Consequences of Literacy
The consequences of literacy are not automatic
Positive consequences for individuals
Negative consequences for individuals
Positive consequences for society
Negative consequences for society
A game of consequences
Looking to the future: the literate construction of what it means to be human
Conclusions
References
Index