Takashi Inoguchi is Professor Emeritus of the University of Tokyo, former Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations, and currently President of the University of Niigata Prefecture. Among his latest worksareJapanese Politics(year?),Japanese Foreign Policy Today(2000),Citizens and the State(year?),Political Cultures in Asia and Europe(year?),American Democracy Promotion(year?),Reinventing the Alliance(2003), andThe Uses of Institutions(2007). He received his PhD from MIT. Purnendra Jain is a Professor of Japanese Studies in the Centre for Asian Studies at Australia’s University of Adelaide. Author and editor of 12 books and numerous scholarly articles on contemporary politics and foreign policy of Japan, his bookJapan’s Subnational Governments in International Affairs(2006) was translated in Japanese under the titleNihon no jichitai gaiko(2009). His latest co-edited book isJapan in Decline: Fact or Fiction? (2011). He is currently President of the Asian Studies Association of Australia.