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Sperm Whales Social Evolution in the Ocean

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ISBN-10: 0226895181

ISBN-13: 9780226895185

Edition: 2003

Authors: Hal Whitehead

List price: $38.00
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Description:

Based on almost two decades of field research, this text describes sperm whale biology, behavior, and habitat, how they organize their societies and how their complex lifestyles may have evolved in this unique environment.
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Book details

List price: $38.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 8/15/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 464
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.584
Language: English

Hal Whitehead is a University Research Professor in the Department of Biology at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Acknowledgments
Conventions
Symbols and Abbreviations
Prologue: Observations of Sperm Whale Societies
The Sperm Whale: An Animal of Extremes
Social Complexity in the Ocean
Evolutionary History of the Sperm Whale
Morphology: What Does the Sperm Whale Look Like?
The Peculiar Anatomy of the Sperm Whale: The Spermaceti Organ
The Lives and Populations of Sperm Whales
Sperm Whales and Humans
The Sperm Whale in Print
What Is Social Structure, and How Is It Studied in Sperm Whales?
What Is Culture, and How Is It Studied in Sperm Whales?
What Do We Know and What Don't We Know about Sperm Whale Societies?
Summary
The Oceanic Habitat of the Sperm Whale
Spatio-Temporal Structure of the Ocean
Oceanographic Habitat of the Sperm Whale
The Diet of the Sperm Whale: The Walnut, the Pea, and the Half-Pound Steak
An Alternative View of the Sperm Whale Diet: The Picky Eater
The Sperm Whale and Its Competitors
The Ecological Role of the Sperm Whale
Feeding Success of the Sperm Whale
Intraspecific Competition
Natural Enemies
Attack, Defense, and Escape in the Ocean
Summary
The Sperm Whale: On the Move through an Ocean
Why Movement Is Crucial
Vertical Movements: The Sperm Whale's Dive
Costs and Benefits of Vertical Movement
Horizontal Movements of Females and Immatures
Movements of Males
Movements of Other Oceanic and Terrestrial Animals
Costs and Benefits of Horizontal Movement
How Fast Should a Sperm Whale Swim?
Summary
Sperm Whale Populations
Geographic Structure
The Sizes of Sperm Whale Populations
Methods of Assessing Sperm Whale Populations
Population Parameters
Population Dynamics
Changes in Sperm Whale Populations off the Galapagos Islands, 1985-2002
Summary
Sperm Whale Behavior and Vocalizations
Measuring Behavior
Vocalizations
Are Sperm Whale Clicks Echolocation?
Measures of Sperm Whale Behavior
Modes of Behavior
Foraging
Socializing
Aerial Behavior (and Other Peculiar Activities)
Birthing
Behavior of the Calf
Defense against Predators
Interactions between Sperm Whales and Killer Whales
Stranding
Summary
Sperm Whale Societies
Social Scales
Concentrations
Aggregations
Groups
The Problems of Estimating Group Size
Social Units
Delineating Social Units
Genetic Structure of Groups and Units
The Functions of Groups and Units
A Week in the Life of a Sperm Whale Group
The Cluster
Care of the Calf
The Social Male?
Mating Systems
An Observation of Two Male Sperm Whales Fighting
Summary
Sperm Whale Cultures
The Quest for Sperm Whale Culture
Coda Dialects of Units and Clans
Describing and Comparing Coda Repertoires
Sperm Whale Clans of the South Pacific
Nonvocal Cultural Traits of Sperm Whales
Low Mitochondrial DNA Diversity and Culture: Cultural Hitchhiking
Summary
Social and Cultural Evolution in the Ocean
Evolution to Extremes
The Function and Evolution of a Big Nose
The Spermaceti Organ: A Buoyancy Control Device or a Battering Ram?
The Function and Evolution of a Large Brain
Sperm Whales and Other Deep Divers
The Colossal Convergence: Sperm Whales and Elephants
K-Selection, Sociality, and Ecological Success
Social Evolution of Female Sperm Whales: Facing the Predators
The Lives of Males
Sexual Segregation
Social Evolution in the Open Ocean
Cultural Evolution in the Ocean
Summary
Sperm Whales and the Future
Ghosts of Past Whaling
The New Threats to Sperm Whales
Studying Sperm Whales in the Future
The Nature and Future of the Sperm Whale
Summary
How We Study the Sperm Whale
Examining Carcasses
Studying Living Animals
Photoidentification and Photographic Measurement: The Key to Individuals
Quantifying Sounds
Unraveling Genes
References
Index