Pottery Analysis A Sourcebook

ISBN-10: 0226711161

ISBN-13: 9780226711164

Edition: 2005

Authors: Prudence M. Rice

List price: $48.00
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A rich and comprehensive sourcebook, Pottery Analysis draws together diverse approaches to the study of pottery—archaeological, ethnographic, stylistic, functional, and physicochemical. Prudence M. Rice uses pottery as a starting point for insights into people and culture and examines in detail the methods for studying these fired clay vessels that have been used worldwide from prehistoric times to the present. Pottery Analysis is a classic in its field as well as an invaluable reference for all students of archaeology and ancient culture.
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Book details

List price: $48.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 2/1/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 584
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.2
Language: English

List of Figures
List of Tables
Pottery and Its History
Pottery and Ceramics: Definitions and Products
History of Pottery and Ceramics
Pottery and Ceramics in the Old World
The Near East
The Far East
Europe and the Mediterranean
Pottery in the New World
Overview of Pottery Studies
The Raw Materials of Pottery Making
Clays: Their Origin and Definitions
Earth Materials
Feldspars, Weathering, and Clay Origins
Definitions of Clays
Depositional Situation of Clays
Granulometry of Clays
Chemical Definitions of Clays
Mineralogical Definitions of Clays
Lath-Structure Clays
Commercial Uses of Clays
Functional Definitions of Clays
Properties of Clays I: The Clay/Water System
The Clay/Water System
Factors Influencing Plasticity
Measuring Plasticity
Drying and Shrinkage
Water in the System
Processes of Drying and Shrinkage
Drying Defects and Green Strength
Measuring Shrinkage
Inclusions and Impurities
Coarse Inclusions
Colloids, Ions, and Organics
Properties of Clays II: Firing Behavior
Variables of Firing
Physical and Chemical Changes in Firing
Loss of Volatiles
Changes in the Clay Minerals
Changes in Inclusions and Impurities
Glaze Formation
The Thermal Reaction Sequence
The Fired Product: Stresses and Defects
Some Considerations of Firing Technology
Pottery Manufacture and Use
Pottery Manufacturing Technology: An Ethnographic Overview
Ethnographic Pottery Studies
Obtaining and Preparing Resources
Tools and Techniques
Ethnographic Examples
Forming, Finishing, and Decorating
Forming: Tools and Techniques
Hand Building and Molding
Supports and Rotational Devices
Finishing: Tools and Techniques
Forming and Finishing: Ethnographic Examples
Surface Enhancement
Surface Penetration or Displacement
Additions to the Surface
Drying and Firing
Tools and Techniques
Nonkiln Firing
Kiln Firing
Postfiring Treatments
Ethnographic Examples
Pottery Economics: Perspectives on Production and Distribution
Anthropology and Commodity Production
Economic Anthropological Literature
Concepts in the Study of Production
Ethnographic Overview: A Focus on Firing
Firing Loss Rates
Fuel Costs
Issues in the Study of Pottery Production
Location of Production
Organization of Production
Scale of Production
Mode of Production
Models of Production and Specialization
Distribution and Exchange
Ethnographic Overview
Archaeological Approaches and Models of Distribution
Variability in Ceramic Products
Summary and Conclusions
Vessel Function: Form, Technology, and Use
Vessel Function
Kinds of Vessel Functions
Determining Vessel Function
Vessel Form: Relating Form and Function
Anatomy of a Vessel
Description of Form
Inferred Use Classifications
Vessel Contour Classifications
Geometric or Volume Classifications
Reconstructing Form from Sherds
Use-Related Properties: Capacity, Stability, Accessibility, and Transportability
Composition and Properties: Relating Technology to Use
Resistance to Mechanical Stress
Thermal Behavior
Surface Treatment
Direct Evidence of Use
Identification of Contents
Use Wear
Fireclouding and Sooting
Summary: Form, Technology, and Use
Vessel Functions
Vessel Forms
Pottery Decorative Styles and Stylistic Analysis
What Is Style?
Origins of Styles
Terminology of Styles
Analysis and Interpretation of Decorative Styles in Pottery
Design Elements and Interaction
Critiques of the Interaction Theory
Critiques of the Element Analysis Method
Alternative Approaches to Style
Symmetry Analysis
Design Structure Analysis
Information, Diversity, and Symbols
Summary: Additional Considerations and Problems
Problems of Method
Problems of Interpretation
Special Topics in Archaeological, Ethnoarchaeological, and Ethnographic Pottery Studies
Pottery Classification
Devised Classifications
Folk Classifications
Issues in Archaeological Pottery Classification
Descriptive and Chronological Systematics
Are Types "Real" or "Artificial"?
Statistical Approaches to Classification
What Is the Purpose of Classification?
Pottery Quantification
Counts, Weights, and Vessel Equivalents
Assemblage Composition and Site Formation Processes
Ceramic Assemblages
Ethnographic Ceramic Censuses
Archaeological Approaches to Assemblages
Site Formation Processes
Characterization Studies of Pottery
Ceramic Characterization: An Introduction
Technological Ceramic Studies
Historical Background
Technological Properties
Ceramic Ecology
Research Design Considerations
Identifying Problems
Selecting a Sample
Sampling Resources
Sampling Sherd Collections
Sampling for Analysis
Selecting Methods of Analysis
Interpreting Technological and Characterization Studies
The Color of Ceramic Materials
Human Perception of Color
Source of the Property and Its Variability
Organic Matter
Iron Compounds
Other Colorants
Glaze Colorants
Measuring Color
Estimating Firing Conditions from Color
Physical, Mechanical, and Thermal Properties of Pottery
Hardness and Strength
Thermal Properties and Stresses
Thermal Properties
Factors Influencing Thermal Stress Resistance
Intrinsic Properties
Shape and Design
Mineralogical and Chemical Characterization of Pottery
Objectives and Sampling: Additional Considerations
Mineralogical Analysis
Petrographic Characterization
Some Principles of Optical Crystallography
The Polarizing Microscope
Petrographic Methods
X-Ray Diffraction
Thermal Analysis
Other Methods of Mineral Identification
Chemical Analysis
Classical Methods
Physical Methods
Optical Emission Spectroscopy
X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
Neutron Activation Analysis
X-Ray Milliprobe
Proton-Induced X-Ray Emission
Mossbauer Spectroscopy
X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Structural and Microstructural Characterization
Electron Microscopy
Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopes
Electron Microprobe
X-Ray Radiography
Special Topics in Ceramic Characterization Studies
What Is "Temper"?
Problems in Terminology
Distinguishing Natural from Added Substances
Alternative Terms
Provenience Studies
Assumptions and Procedures
Confounding Issues in Provenience Studies
Selecting Elements for Analysis
Comparing Sherds and Clays
Provenience and Production
Archaeothermometry: Estimating Firing Temperature
Physical Properties
Chemical Analysis
Thermal Analysis
Dating and Authentication
Relative Dating
Chronometric Dating
Radiocarbon Dating
Archaeomagnetic Dating
Thermoluminescence Dating
Continuity and Change in the Modern World
Change in Pottery Systems
Changes in the Products: The "Arts of Acculturation"
Changes in the Society
Continuity in Pottery Systems
Continuity in the Society
Continuity in the Products
Implications for Archaeology
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