Beginnings of Western Science The European Scientific Tradition in Philosophical, Religious, and Institutional Context, 600 B. C. to A. D. 1450

ISBN-10: 0226482316

ISBN-13: 9780226482316

Edition: N/A

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Description:

This landmark book represents the first attempt in two decades to survey the science of the ancient world, the first attempt in four decades to write a comprehensive history of medieval science, and the first attempt ever to present a full, unified account of both ancient and medieval science in a single volume. In The Beginnings of Western Science, David C. Lindberg provides a rich chronicle of the development of scientific ideas, practices, and institutions from the pre-Socratic Greek philosophers to the late-medieval scholastics. Lindberg surveys all the most important themes in the history of ancient and medieval science, including developments in cosmology, astronomy, mechanics, optics, alchemy, natural history, and medicine. He synthesizes a wealth of information in superbly organized, clearly written chapters designed to serve students, scholars, and nonspecialists alike. In addition, Lindberg offers an illuminating account of the transmission of Greek science to medieval Islam and subsequently to medieval Europe. And throughout the book he pays close attention to the cultural and institutional contexts within which scientific knowledge was created and disseminated and to the ways in which the content and practice of science were influenced by interaction with philosophy and religion. Carefully selected maps, drawings, and photographs complement the text. Lindberg's story rests on a large body of important scholarship produced by historians of science, philosophy, and religion over the past few decades. However, Lindberg does not hesitate to offer new interpretations and to hazard fresh judgments aimed at resolving long-standing historical disputes. Addressed to the general educated reader as well as to students, his book will also appeal to any scholar whose interests touch on the history of the scientific enterprise.
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Book details

List price: $30.00
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 7/1/1992
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 474
Size: 5.75" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.430

List of Illustrations
Preface
Science and Its Origins What Is Science?
Prehistoric Attitudes toward Nature Babylonian and Egyptian Science
The Greeks and the Cosmos
The World of Homer and Hesiod
The First Greek Philosophers
The Milesians and the Question of Ultimate Reality
The Problem of Change
The Problem of Knowledge Plato's World of Forms Plato's Cosmology
The Achievement of Early Greek Philosophy
Aristotle's Philosophy of Nature Life and Works Metaphysics and Epistemology Nature and Change Cosmology Motion
Terrestrial and Celestial Aristotle as a Biologist Aristotle's Achievement
Hellenistic Natural Philosophy Schools and Education
The Lyceum after Aristotle Epicureans and Stoics
The Mathematical Sciences in Antiquity
The Application of Mathematics to Nature Greek
Mathematics Early Greek Astronomy Cosmological
Developments Hellenistic Planetary Astronomy
The Science of Optics
The Science of Weights
Greek and Roman Medicine
Early Greek Medicine Hippocratic Medicine Hellenistic
Anatomy and Physiology Hellenistic
Medical Sects Galen and the Culmination of Hellenistic Medicine
Roman and Early Medieval Science
Greeks and Romans Popularizers and Encyclopedists Translations
The Role of Christianity Roman and Early Medieval Education
Two Early Medieval Natural Philosophers
Science in Islam Learning and Science in Byzantium
The Eastward Diffusion of Greek Science
The Birth, Expansion, and Hellenization of Islam Translation of Greek Science into Arabic
The Islamic Response to Greek Science
The Islamic Scientific Achievement
The Decline of Islamic Science
The Revival of Learning in the West
The Middle Ages Carolingian Reforms
The Schools of the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries Natural Philosophy in the Twelfth-Century Schools
The Translation Movement
The Rise of Universities
The Recovery and Assimilation of Greek and Islamic Science
The New Learning Aristotle in the University Curriculum Points of Conflict Resolution
Science as Handmaiden Radical Aristotelianism and the Condemnations of 1270 and 1277
The Relations of Philosophy and Theology after 1277
The Medieval Cosmos
The Structure of the Cosmos
The Heavens
The Terrestrial Region
The Greek and Islamic Background to Western Astronomy
Astronomy in the West Astrology
The Physics of the Sublunar Region Matter, Form, and Substance Combination and Mixture Alchemy Change and Motion
The Nature of Motion
The Mathematical Description of Motion
The Dynamics of Local Motion
The Quantification of Dynamics
The Science of Optics
Medieval Medicine and Natural History
The Medical Tradition of the Early Middle Ages
The Transformation of Western Medicine Medical Practitioners
Medicine in the Universities Disease, Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Therapy Anatomy and Surgery Development of the Hospital Natural History
The Legacy of Ancient and Medieval Science
The Continuity Debate
The Medieval Scientific Achievement
Notes
Bibliography
Index
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