Both Hands Tied Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom of the Low-Wage Labor Market
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Both Hands Tiedstudies the working poor in the United States, focusing in particular on the relation between welfare and low-wage earnings among working mothers. Grounded in the experience of thirty-three women living in Milwaukee and Racine, Wisconsin, it tells the story of their struggle to balance child care and wage-earning in poorly paying and often state-funded jobs with inflexible schedulesand the moments when these jobs failed them and they turned to the state for additional aid. Jane L. Collins and Victoria Mayer here examine the situations of these women in light of the 1996 national Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act and other like-minded reformslaws that ended the entitlement to welfare for those in need and provided an incentive for them to return to work. Arguing that this reform came at a time of gendered change in the labor force and profound shifts in the responsibilities of family, firms, and the state,Both Hands Tiedprovides a stark but poignant portrait of how welfare reform afflicted poor, single-parent families, ultimately eroding the participants' economic rights and affecting their ability to care for themselves and their children.
List price: $30.00
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 5/1/2010
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.50" tall
|List of Illustrations|
|Introduction: The Connection between Welfare and Work|
|Welfare Reform's Context: The Growth of the Low-Wage Service Sector|
|Welfare Reform's Content: Building Connections between Work and Welfare|
|Tying the First Hand: The Solitary Wage Bargain|
|Tying the Second Hand: Challenges to Economic Citizenship|
|Both Hands Tied: The Race to the Bottom in the Low-Wage Labor Market|
|Conclusion: Untying the Hands|
|Description of Interview Process|
|Economic Composition of Sample|
|Industrial Composition of Milwaukee and Racine|
|Wisconsin Works (W-2) Documents|