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Terrestrial Ecosystems Through Time Evolutionary Paleoecology of Terrestrial Plants and Animals

ISBN-10: 0226041557

ISBN-13: 9780226041551

Edition: 1992

Authors: Anna K. Behrensmeyer, John D. Damuth, William A. DiMichele, Richard Potts, Hans-Dieter Sues

List price: $58.00
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Breathtaking in scope, this is the first survey of the entire ecological history of life on land--from the earliest traces of terrestrial organisms over 400 million years ago to the beginning of human agriculture. By providing myriad insights into the unique ecological information contained in the fossil record, it establishes a new and ambitious basis for the study of evolutionary paleoecology of land ecosystems. A joint undertaking of the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems Consortium at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, and twenty-six additional researchers, this book begins with four chapters that lay out the theoretical background and methodology of the science of evolutionary paleoecology. Included are a comprehensive review of the taphonomy and paleoenvironmental settings of fossil deposits as well as guidelines for developing ecological characterizations of extinct organisms and the communities in which they lived. The remaining three chapters treat the history of terrestrial ecosystems through geological time, emphasizing how ecological interactions have changed, the rate and tempo of ecosystem change, the role of exogenous "forcing factors" in generating ecological change, and the effect of ecological factors on the evolution of biological diversity. The six principal authors of this volume are all associated with the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems program at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
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Book details

List price: $58.00
Copyright year: 1992
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 8/15/1992
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 588
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Jason S. Anderson is a vertebrate paleontologist and Assistant Professor at the University of Calgary. He is Associate Editor of the Journal of Paleontology.Hans-Dieter Sues is a vertebrate paleontologist and Associate Director for Research and Collections, National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution.

List of Tables and Figures
List of Conference Participants
Evolutionary Paleoecology
The Methods of Evolutionary Paleoecology
Ecological Characterization of Extinct Species
Ecological Characterization of Past Communities: Synchronic Features
Ecological Characterization of Past Communities: Diachronic Features
Conclusion References
Paleoenvironmental Contexts and Taphonomic Modes
Coastal Environments
Lagoons and Other Back-Barrier Settings
Fluvial and Deltaic Environments
Channels: Basal Lags and Bars
Abandoned Channel Fills
Crevasse Splays
Interdistributary Bays
Lacustrine Environments
Oxygen-Depleted Large Lakes
Oxygen-Depleted Small, Deep Lakes
Oxygen-Depleted Small, Shallow Lakes
Oxygenatednbsp; Large Lakes
Oxygenated Small Lakes
Volcanigenic Environments
Explosive Events
Primary Airfall
Lacustrine Volcaniclastics
Eolian Environments
Dunes and Interdunes
Other Contexts for Organic Preservation
Feces and Regurgitates
Archeological Accumulations
Peat-Forming Environments
Charcoal Deposits
Mud Slides and Flash Floods
Time and Space Resolution in the Fossil Record
Time Resolution and Completeness
Methods for Assessing Time Resolution
Spatial Resolution
Resolution in the Taphonomic Modes
Change through Time in the Taphonomic Modes
Effects of Area
Consequence of Environmental Change
Changes in Taphonomic Processes
Conclusion References
Ecological Characteristics of Fossil Plants
Autecology of Extinct Plants
Inferring Autecology from Functional Morphology
Inferring Autecology from Living Relatives
Inferring Autecology from Sedimentary Environment
Methods of Sampling and Analysis at the Community Level
Sampling Compression-Impression Assemblages
Sampling Permineralized Peats
Sampling Microfossils
Taphonomy and Effective Sampling Radius
Analytical Methods
Synecology of Extinct Vegetation
Synchronic Features of Extinct Vegetation
Comparison of Communities across Time
Ecological Interpretation of Morphology at the Community Level
Ecological Categories
Conclusion References
Taxon-Free Characterization of Animal Communities
Introduction: Taxon-Free Characterizations
One Approach to Taxon-Free Characterization
Ecomorphology and Ecological Types
Functional Morphology and Autecological Inference
Continuous versus Category Variables
A Basic Set of Ecological Variables and Categories
Analyses Using Ecological Types
Complementary Approaches and Higher-Level Inferences References
Paleozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems
The Ordovician
The Silurian
The Early to Middle Devonian
The Late Devonian to Early Carboniferous
The Late Carboniferous: Westphalian and Stephanian
The Permian
Paleozoic Summary and Discussion
Ecosystem Stability and Persistence
Conclusions References
Mesozoic and Early Cenozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems
Triassic Biotas
Triassic Vegetation of Laurasia
Triassic Vegetation o