Choices Writers Make A Guide

ISBN-10: 0205617050

ISBN-13: 9780205617050

Edition: 2011

List price: $107.25 Buy it from $1.93 Rent it from $75.89
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Choices Writers Makeis a brief, value-priced guide that propels students to transform their writing to most successfully engage particular assignments, situations or purposes. This practical tool emphasizes a process approach to writing that not only allows students to develop their skill, but also to more easily contextualize their work for an increasingly dynamic audience.
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Book details

List price: $107.25
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Pearson Education Canada
Publication date: 12/21/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 624
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Reading Genres, Analyzing Arguments
Introduction to Genre
What Is Genre?
The Social Settings of Genres
The Characteristics of Genres
The Functions of Genres
Audience Expectations and Genre
The Writer and Genre
Choices Writers Make: Rhetorical Situation and Genre
The Rhetorical Situation
Academic Genres
Civic Genres
Transformations: the Flexibility of Genres
Genre Blurring: What Is It? Why Do It?
An Example of Genre Blurring: the Travel Memoir
Sara Schneider (student), Just Another Beautiful Thunderstorm: A Travel Memoir
Genre Crossing: What Is It? Why Do It?
An Example of Genre Crossing: From Open Letter to Research Report
Gloria Ramos (student), Same-Sex Marriage: An Open Letter to Social Conservatives
Transforming the Open Letter to a Research Report
Gloria Ramos (student), A Report on Same-Sex Marriage in America: A Human Right, a Family Right (APA Format Paper)
Critical Reading and Analysis Strategies
What Is Critical Reading?
Why Read Critically?
Reading a Text for What It Means
Previewing
Save the Children, Katrina Response: Protecting the Children of the Storm
Annotating
Terry Starkey Williston, A View to the Contrary
Outlining
Summary
Response
Ray French, Taking Back Our Tuition: Students Need to Push to Keep College Affordable
Reading a Text for How It Works
Jay Weiner, Sports Centered
Analyzing the Contexts of a Text
Looking at the Genre
Looking at the Writer
Examining the Publication
Analyzing Parts of a Text
Looking at Openings and Closings
Identifying the Writer's Position
Identifying the Arguments
Examining the Evidence
Mary Frances Berry, Gay But Equal?
Providing Comments for Revision: Practicing Peer Review
Why Writers and Readers Benefit from Peer Review
Providing Comments to Help Writers Revise: Specific v. Vague
Peer Readers: Writing Effective Peer Review Commentary
Writers: Revising from Peer Feedback
Analyzing and Writing Arguments
Arguments and Persuasion: It's Not About Fighting
Argument and Rhetoric
Creating Convincing Arguments
Analyzing Arguments
Speech Analysis Example
Barack Obama, Speech Against the Iraq War
Rhetorical Analysis of Senator Obama's Speech
WebLinks: the World of Rhetoric
The Structure of Argument: Claims, Evidence, and Assumptions
Claims: Claims of Fact, Value, and Policy
Claims of Fact
Claims of Value
Claims of Policy
Differing Views: Refutation, Concession, and Finding Common Ground
How Claims Work
Jim Kuerschner, Big Brother is on the Facebook (excerpt)
Kinds of Evidence
Factual Evidence
Opinions
Assumptions
The Scientology Religion (excerpt)
The Hard and Soft Sell of Argument: Rhetorical Appeals and Language Choices
Ethos, Logos, and Pathos: the Rhetorical Appeals
"Humorous" Rhetorical Devices
Anne Lamott, Sign me up for Barack Obama's death panel!
Humorous Rhetorical Devices at Work
The Onion Staff, Homeless People Shouldn't Make You Feel Sad Like That
Words That Resound: Lexicon, Ultimate Terms, and Repetition
Rhetorical Analysis
Joseph Kellard, An Open Letter to Dan Marino
Writing Assignment: Rhetorical Analysis and Evaluation of An Argument
Analyzing Visual Rhetoric
Reading Visual Arguments Critically
Rhetorical Analysis: "Just Chute Me" Advertising Brochure
Writing Assignment: Rhetorical Analysis of a Visual Message
Elements of Visual Rhetoric
What Readers Consider When They Analyze Visual Messages
Texts and Images in Visual Messages
Straightforward Use of Text and Images
U.S.DePartment of Agriculture, School Supplies'
The Complex Relationship Between Texts and Images
Considering the Context for the Image
Images and Graphics That Support Text
Photographs
Borders, Shading, and Other Design Elements
Charts and Graphs
Missing?
The Rhetorical Appeals in Visual Arguments
Ethos in Visual Arguments
U.S.Coast Guard, Fishing Tips from Bill Dance
Pathos and Logos in Visual Arguments
Yossi Lemel, Blood Bath 2002
Claims and Evidence in Visual Arguments
Todd Davidson, Man Controlling Globe
Iron Horse Hotel Advertisements
WebLinks: Exploring Visual Messages
Visual Design: Fonts, Color, and Arrangement
U.S.DePartment of Justice, Think Before You Post
Visual Design and Visual Manipulation
Time Magazine, O.J. Simpson Photographs
Theory into Practice: Constructing Your Own Visual Messages
What Writers Consider When Constructing Visual Messages
Writing Assignment Options: Visual Messages
Exploring Genres
Public Letters
What Is a Public Letter?
The Purpose of Public Letters
The Rhetorical Situation of Public Letters
Reading Public Letters Critically
Note: Writing Activity: Analyzing the Genre of Public Letters
Genre Analysis: Walidah Imarisha and Not4Prophet, Dearest Hip Hop (open letter)
Michael Stinebrink and Tommy Balestracci (student), An Exchange of Letters on College Football Championships
Anne Lamott, President Obama: Healthcare; You Promised (open letter)
Christian De Graff, Science in Defense (letter to the editor)
Writing Assignment Options: Public Letters
Writing Public Letters
What Writers Consider When They Write Public Letters
Generating Ideas for Public Letters
Focusing the Topic: Getting to the Issue
Writing Activity: Focusing the Topic, Getting to the Issue
Avoiding Common Pitfalls
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Researching Public Letters
Searching Your Experiences
Doing Background Research
Drafting Public Letters
Generating Claims
Organizing Public Letters
Options for Organizing Public Letters
Openings and Closings for Public Letters
Revising Public Letters
Anticipating Audience Response
Engaging in the Conversation: Contextualizing Your Letter
Peer Review for Public Letters
Peer Review Guidelines: Public Letters
Reflecting on the Process
ONE WRITER's JOURNEY: Katie Hicks's Open Letter
Generating Ideas for the Open Letter
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Drafting the Open Letter
Revising the Open Letter: Peer Review
Katie Hicks (student), Dear Uninvolved Parents: An Open Letter (final draft)
Reflection on Writing an Open Letter
Transformations: Genre-Crossing from Public Letter to Research Report
Genre-Crossing Writing Assignment: From Public Letter to Research Report
Katie Hicks (student), After-School Programs: Benefits for Adolescents, Benefits for Communities (research report)
Reviews
What Is a Review?
The Purpose of Reviews
The Rhetorical Situation of Reviews
The Writer's Stance
Reading Reviews Critically
Note: Add WA?
Genre Analysis:Peter Meehan, Will Pigs' Feet Fly?
Tim Rutten, Review of "The Anatomist: A True Story of Gray's Anatomy"
John Phillips, 2008 Maserati GranTurismo--Road Test
Peter Kvetko, Noora: A Golden Voice; Wah Rangiya: Passionate Punjab; Bol Ni Chakkiye: the Singing Wheel of Life
Writing Assignment Options: Reviews
Writing Reviews
What Writers Consider When They Write Reviews
Avoiding Common Pitfalls
Generating Ideas for Reviews
WebLinks: the World of Film Reviews
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Researching Reviews
Doing Background and Contextual Research
Developing Criteria for Evaluation
Doing Field Research for Reviews
Drafting Reviews
Writing Explicit and Implied Evaluative Thesis Statements
Generating Claims for Reviews
Writing Openings for Reviews
Writing Closings for Reviews
Revising Reviews
Balancing Summary/Description and Analysis/Evaluation: the What and the How
Entering the Conversation: Integrating Reviews of Others into Your Review
Peer Review Guidelines: Reviews
Reflecting on the Process
ONE WRITER's JOURNEY: Patrick Merrigan's Film Review
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation: Developing Criteria
Drafting: Integrating Background Research
Drafting: Using Evaluative Language and Tone
Revising: Balancing Detail with Audience Needs
Revising the Review: Peer Review
Patrick Merrigan (student), Superbad:Super Movie or Just Bad? (final draft)
Reflecting on the Process
Writing Activity: Evaluating One Writer's Journey
Transformations: Genre Blurring: Rhetorical Analysis of a Documentary
Genre-Blurring Writing Assignment: Rhetorical Analysis of a Documentary
Kim Thomassen Strand (student), There Is Nothing Called Hope in My Future: A Rhetorical Analysis of Born Into Brothels
Essays
What Is an Essay?
The Purposes of Essays
Reading Essays Critically
Genre Analysis: Jo Ann Beard, Out There
Jim Kuerschner (student), Big Brother Is on the Facebook
Jennifer Moses, Stepping Out
James A. Banks, Remembering Brown: Silence, Loss, Rage, and Hope
Writing Assignment Options: Essays
Writing Essays
Generating Ideas for Essays
Avoiding Common Essay Pitfalls
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Researching Essays
Writing Activity: Searching Your Experiences
Doing Background Research
Incorporating Research
Drafting Essays
The Rhetorical Situation and Claims
The Commentary: Answering the Question "What If?"
Guidelines for Developing the Commentary in Your Essay: What If [[3dots]]?
Organizing Essays
Openings For Essays
Closings for Essays
Revising Essays
The "So What?" Reaction from Readers: Developing Your Commentary
Peer Review Guidelines: Essays
Writing Activity: Reflecting on Writing an Essay
One Writer's Journey: Colin Keane's Personal Essay
Generating Ideas for the Personal Essay: Starting with What You Know
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Drafting: Researching Experiences and Connecting to the Larger Issue
Revising: Focusing on the Subject, Emphasizing Commentary
Colin Keane (student), Big Change in a Small Town: A Personal Essay (final draft)
Reflecting on the Process
Transformations: Genre Blurring: the Photographic Essay
Genre Blurring Writing Assignment: the Photographic Essay
Michael Coles, Smash Palace--Model Four Hundred
Memoirs
What Is a Memoir?
The Purposes of Memoir
Reading Memoirs Critically
Genre Analysis:Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Real Food
Adam King (student), These Stories
David Sedaris, Let It Snow
Chitrita Banerji, A Shared Plate
WebLinks: Creative Nonfiction and Fourth Genre: Explorations in Nonfiction
Writing Assignment Options: Memoirs
Writing Memoirs
Generating Ideas for Memoirs
Avoiding Common Pitfalls
Ethics and Memoir Writing
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Researching Memoirs: Doing Background Research
Drafting Memoirs
Developing Ideas: Sensory Descriptions and Concrete Details
Organizing Memoirs
Openings for Memoirs
Closings for Memoirs
Revising Memoirs
Reflection: Pointing Out the Larger Significance
Moving Around in Space and Time
Peer Review Guidelines: Memoirs
One Writer's Journey: Eliza Poulos's Memoir
Generating Ideas for the Memoir: Recalling Past Experiences
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Drafting the Memoir: Choosing Details and Specifics
Revising: Developing Reflection in the Memoir
Eliza Poulos (student), Lucky? (final draft)
Reflecting on the Process
Transformations: Genre Blurring: the Travel Memoir
Genre Blurring Writing Assignment: the Travel Memoir
Ted Conover, On the Trail of Poppa's Alaska
Profiles
What Is a Profile?
The Purposes of Profiles
Reading Profiles Critically
Genre Analysis:Larry Rohter, Part of the Carnival Show: the Man Behind the Masks
Charlie LeDuff, End of the Line
Elaine Miller, Being Rosie the Riveter
Mary O. Parker, Bingo!
Writing Assignment Options: Profiles
Community-based Writing Option
Writing Profiles
What Writers Consider When They Write Profiles
Avoiding Common Profile Pitfalls
WebLinks: the Genre of Profiles
Generating Ideas for Profiles
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Researching Profiles: Background Research, Interviewing, and Observing
Doing Your Homework: Background Research
Developing Interview Questions and Conducting Interviews
Observing People and Places
Drafting Profiles
Taking Stock: Sorting Through Field Research
Framing Your Angle
Showing Versus Telling Your Angle
Writing Openings for profiles
Writing Closings for Profiles
Organizing Your Profile
Revising Profiles
Rethinking the Angle
Incorporating the Writer's Voice
Incorporating the Subject's Voice
Visual Rhetoric and Profiles
Peer Review Guidelines: Profiles
Reflecting on the Process
One Writer's Journey: Brynna Williams's Profile
Generating Ideas for the Profile
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Drafting: Gathering Research, Organizing Ideas, and Discovering the Angle
Revising: Framing the Angle, Emphasizing the Writer's Perspective
Brynna Williams (student), Simply Smiles (final draft)
Reflecting on the Process
Transformations: Genre Crossing from Profile to Brochure
Genre Crossing Writing Assignment: From Profile to Brochure
Brynna Williams (student), Simply Smiles: Transforming the Lives of Impoverished Peoples (brochure)
Research Reports
What Is a Research Report?
The Purposes of Research Reports
Reading Research Reports Critically
Genre Analysis:RI-PIRG, Rhode Island's Food Safety Net: Ensuring Safe Food from Production to Consumption
Rich Morin, Black-White Conflict Isn't Society's Largest: the Public Assesses Social Divisions
Steven Clark, M.D., Alicia Mangram, M.D., Ernest Dunn, M.D., Car Surfing: Case Studies of a GrowingDangerous Phenomenon
Colonel Elspeth Cameron Ritchie, MC USA, and Robert Andrew Cardona, M.D., U.S. Military Enlisted Accession Mental Health Screening: History and Current Practice
Writing assignment options: Research Reports
Writing Research Reports
Generating Ideas for Research Reports
Research Report Pitfalls: What to Avoid When Choosing a Topic
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Researching Research Reports
Drafting Research Reports
Drafting and Organizing Claims
Using Your Research
Openings for Research Reports
Colin Keane, the Aftermath of September 11 (executive summary)
Closings for Research Reports
Revising Research Reports
Identifying Gaps in Your Research
Integrating Your Sources
Design and Layout: Choosing Color, Charts, and Other Visuals
Peer Review
Peer Review Guidelines: Research Reports
Reflecting on the Process
One Writer's Journey: Patrick Merrigan's Persuasive Research Report
Generating Ideas for the Research Reports
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation: Writing a Research Topic Proposal
Researching the Report: Writing the Annotated Bibliography
Drafting: Writing the Introductory Material
Revising the Research Report: Working with Sources
Patrick Merrigan (student), Civic Duties and Young Adults(final draft)
Reflecting on the Process
Transformations: Genre-Crossing--From Report to Proposal
Genre-Crossing Writing Assignment: From Report to Proposal
Patrick Merrigan, Civic Duties: Fixing the Problem of Civic Engagement in Two Easy Steps
Proposals
What Is a Proposal?
The Purpose of Proposals
The Rhetorical Situation of Proposals
Reading Proposals Critically
Genre Analysis:Women's Committee of 100, An Immodest Proposal: Rewarding Women's Work to End Poverty
Brian Halweil, A Community Farm for Stanford
James Jay Carafano, Ph.D., Fighting Terrorism, Addressing Liability: A Global Proposal
Patricia J. Sulak, M.D., Adolescent Sexual Health
Writing Assignment Options: Proposals
Writing Proposals
Generating Ideas for Proposals
Proposal Pitfalls: What to Avoid When Choosing A Topic
Narrowing Your Focus: From Topic to Issue
Thinking about Audience, Purpose, and Situation
Audience and Issue
Purpose and Issue
Situation and Issue
Arriving at a Solution
Creating Solutions That Address the Problem
Researching Proposals
Conducting Background Research
Drafting Proposals
Addressing Differing Views
Organizing Proposals
Balancing the Proposal: Emphasizing the Issue or the Problem
Writing Openings for Proposals
Writing Closings for Proposals
Revising Proposals
Addressing Differing Views
Matching Solutions to the Problems
Peer Reviewing
Peer Review Guidelines: Proposals
Reflecting on the Process
ONE WRITER's JOURNEY: Christina Schirone's Proposal
Student Sample: Generating Claims
Drafting: Developing Differing Views
Peer Review
Christina Schirone (student), Union University Needs Our Help (final draft)
Reflecting on the Process
Transformations: Genre-Crossing--Public Service Announcement
Genre-Crossing Writing Assignment: Public Service Announcement
Christina Schirone (student), Make a Difference
Portfolios: Representing Yourself as a Writer
What Is a Writing Portfolio?
The Purpose of a Writing Portfolio
The Rhetorical Situation of a Writing Portfolio
Constructing Writing Portfolios
Writing a Reflective Letter
Christina Schirone (student), Reflective Portfolio Letter
Writing Assignment Option: Reflective Portfolio Letter
Writing an Introductory Paragraph for Each Item
Lisa Warford (student), Introductory Paragraph for a Portfolio Selection
Preparing a Case Study
Analyzing the Choices You Made
Revising Your Writing
Writing the Case Study Commentary
Revising Your Writing
Lisa Warford (student), Portfolio Case Study with Revisions
Reflecting on Peer Review Commentary for Case Studies
Christina Schirone (student), Portfolio Case Study with Peer Review
Arranging a Writing Portfolio
Jenna Clark (student): Arrangement of Portfolio Items
Preparing a Table of Contents
Christina Schirone (student), Portfolio Table of Contents
Preparing an Electronic Portfolio
Research Methods and Sources
Research and the Rhetorical Situation
Why Writers Do Research
Research and the Rhetorical Situation
Making Research Meaningful
Thinking about Research
Assessing the Topic
Considering Your Purpose, Audience, and Genre
Conducting Preliminary Research
Conducting Background Research
Asking Questions
Developing Keyword Search Terms
Creating a Research Plan
Gathering Information: Where to Go and Why
Types of Sources: Primary and Secondary
Distinguishing Primary and Secondary Sources
Scholarly and General Secondary Sources
Media Sources: Film, Television, and Radio
Locating Sources
Searching Library Catalogs
Searching Databases
Searching the Archives
Researching on the World Wide Web
Conducting Field Research
Why Do Field Research?
Subjectivity and Field Research
Interviews
Observations
Surveys
Evaluating Sources
Evaluating Print Sources
Evaluating Web Sources
Writing an Annotated Bibliography
Using and Citing Sources
Using Sources
Using Research for Rhetorical Effects
Why Writers Use Sources
Genre and Using Sources
Using Quotations, Paraphrases, and Summaries
Direct Quotation
Guidelines for Direct Quotations
Paraphrase
Paraphrasing Difficulties
Guidelines for Paraphrasing
Summary
Guidelines for Summarizing
Integrating and Introducing Sources
Integrating Sources
Guidelines for Integrating Sources
Introducing Sources
Guidelines for Introducing Sources
Incorporating Visual Sources
Synthesizing Your Research
Pitfall: Using Multiple Sources without Synthesizing
Guidelines for Synthesizing Sources
Constructing a Research Chart and Synthesis
Avoiding Plagiarism
Guidelines for What to Cite
Procrastination and Intentional Plagiarism
Guidelines for Avoiding Plagiarism
Documenting Sources
Making Note of Bibliographic Information
Finding Bibliographic Information in a Book
Finding Bibliographic Information for an Abstracted Article
Finding Bibliographic Information for an Article
Finding Bibliographic Information for a Web Page
MLA and APA Documentation Formats
MLA In-Text Citations
MLA Works Cited Entries
APA In-Text Citations
APA References Entries
MLA and APA Sample Papers
Credits
Index
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