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Deviant Behavior

ISBN-10: 0205512585

ISBN-13: 9780205512584

Edition: 9th 2007

Authors: Alex Thio

List price: $105.60
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Description:

This best-selling text offers comprehensive coverage of all aspects of deviance and is noted for its blend of style and substance. Deviant Behaviorcovers a wide spectrum of theories of deviance, and analyzes numerous specific deviant behaviors. The author uses an abundance of research data, including many that debunk our common assumptions about deviant behavior. Students are exposed to the full range of theories and data about deviance, and are challenged to think about and evaluate their own biases and preconceptions.
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Book details

List price: $105.60
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/11/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 480
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.980
Language: English

Preface
About the Author
Perspectives and Theories
What Is Deviant Behavior?
Conflicting Definitions
The Positivist Perspective
Absolutism: Deviance as Absolutely Real
Objectivism: Deviance as an Observable Object
Determinism: Deviance as Determined Behavior
The Constructionist Perspective
Relativism: Deviance as a Label
Subjectivism: Deviance as a Subjective Experience
Voluntarism: Deviance as a Voluntary Act
An Integrated View
A Word about Deviance and Crime
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Positivist Theories
Anomie-Strain Theory
Merton: The Goal-Means Gap
Cohen: Status Frustration
Cloward and Ohlin: Differential Illegitimate Opportunity
Recent Developments
Evaluating Anomie-Strain Theory
Social Learning Theory
Sutherland: Differential Association
Glaser: Differential Identification
Burgess and Akers: Differential Reinforcement
Evaluating Social Learning Theory
Control Theory
Hirschi, Gottfredson, and Tittle: Social Bond, Self-Control, and Control Balance
Braithwaite: Reintegrative Shaming
The Deterrence Doctrine
Evaluating Control Theory
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Constructionist Theories
Labeling Theory
A Version of Symbolic Interactionism
Who Labels Whom?
Consequences of Labeling
Evaluating Labeling Theory
Phenomenological Theory
Critique of Positivism
Subjectivism as the Key to Deviant Reality
Ethnography: An Application of Phenomenology
Evaluating Phenomenological Theory
Conflict Theory
Legal Reality Theory
Social Reality Theory
Marxist Theory
Feminist Theory
Power Theory
Postmodernist Theory
Evaluating Conflict Theory
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Interpersonal Violence
Physical Violence
Assault and Aggravated Assault
Who Is More Likely to Kill?
Class and Race
Regions, Large Cities, and Rural Areas
Gender and Age
Patterns of Killing
Time of Killing
Place of Killing
Method of Killing
Characteristics of Homicide
Warm-Blooded Murder
Doing the Victim a Favor
Winning a Trivial Argument
An Adjunct to Suicide
Mass and Serial Murder
A Social Profile of Serial Killers
A Global Perspective on Homicide
School Violence
Stalking
Hate Killing
Genocide
Terrorism
The September 11 Attacks
The War on Terrorism
Why Do People Kill?
External Restraint Theory
Subculture of Violence Theory
Does the Death Penalty Deter Murder?
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Rape and Child Molestation
Patterns of Rape
Racial, Age, and Situational Factors
Planning and Execution
Gang Rape
Acquaintance Rape
Campus Rape
The Myth of Victim Precipitation
Consequences of Rape
The Rape Survivor's Response
The Feeling of Being Raped Again
The Culture of Rape
Treating Women Like Men's Property
Using Women in Men's Masculinity Contests
The Myth That Women Ask for It
Socializing Girls to Be Victims
A Global Perspective on Wartime Rape
Why Men Rape Women
Psychological Theory: Sexual Inadequacy
Social Psychological Theory: Sexual Permissiveness
Feminist Theory: Gender Inequality
Males as Victims
Inside the Prison
Outside the Prison
Can Women Rape Men?
Child Molestation
Some Basic Facts
A Social Profile of Child Molesters
Molesting Boys
The Scandal of Pedophile Priests
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Family Violence
Myths about Family Violence
Family Violence Hits the Poor Only
Violence and Love Cannot Happen Together
Most Abused Children Grow Up to Be Abusive Parents
Alcohol and Drugs Are Involved in Most Family Violence
The Extent of Family Violence
Marital Rape
The Nature of Marital Rape
Causes of Marital Rape
Wife Beating
The Nature of Wife Beating
Why Don't Some Battered Wives Leave?
Causes of Wife Beating
Child Abuse
The Nature of Child Abuse
Causes of Child Abuse
Female Genital Mutilation
Elder Abuse
The Nature of Elder Abuse
Causes of Elder Abuse
A Social Profile of Family Abusers
A Global Perspective on Family Violence
Theories of Family Violence
Social Learning Theory
Stress Theory
Exchange Theory
Social Responses to Family Violence
Protecting Women
Protecting Children
Protecting Elders
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Self-Destructive Deviance
Suicide
Varieties of Suicidal Experiences
Threatening Suicide
Attempting Suicide
Committing Suicide
Groups with Higher Suicide Rates
Residents in Rural, Wide-Open Areas
Whites
The Less Religious
Males
The Divorced or Single
Older People
The Relatively Well-Off
A Social Profile of Suicide Bombers
Situational Factors in Suicide
Going through Adolescence
Going to College
Being in Prison
Being Stricken with AIDS
Under Media Influence
A Global Perspective on Suicide
Social Responses to Suicide
Survivors' Reactions
Advocating Suicide
Preventing Suicide
Sociological Theories of Suicide
Classical Durkheimian Theory
A Modern Durkheimian Theory
Phenomenological Theories
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Mental Disorder
Popular Beliefs
Types of Mental Disorder
Traditional Classification
DSM-IV Classification
Social Factors in Mental Disorder
Social Class
Gender
Young Age
A Social Profile of Depressed Teens
Race and Ethnicity
Urban Environment
September 11
A Global Perspective on Mental Disorder
Societal Responses to Mental Disorder
Historical Background
The Public
The Court
The Mental Hospital
The Community Mental Health Center
Perspectives on Mental Disorder
The Medical Model
The Psychosocial Model
The Labeling Model
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Diverse Lifestyles
Heterosexual Deviance
Teen Sex
Extramarital Sex
Seductive Myths
Cultural Variations
Social Factors
A Social Profile of Swingers
Pornography
The Porn Industry
The Effects of Pornography
Phone Sex
Nude Dancing
Sexual Harassment
The World of Prostitution
Myths about Prostitution
Types of Prostitutes
Social and Sexual Backgrounds
Reasons for Becoming Prostitutes
The Threat of AIDS from Customers
The Subculture of Prostitution
Other Participants in Prostitution
Societal Reaction to Prostitution
A Global Perspective on Prostitution
Theories of Prostitution
Functionalist Theory
Feminist Theory
Social Psychological Theory
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Gays and Other Victims of Stigma
Myths about Homosexuality
Gays and Lesbians
How Many Are There?
What Are Gays Like?
What Are Lesbians Like?
Coming Out
Gay and Lesbian Lifestyles
Theories of Homosexuality
Same-Sex Practices among Straights and Bisexuals
Trades
Street Hustlers
Situationals
Bisexuals
Homophobia
The Homophobic View of Homosexuality
The Nature and Extent of Homophobia
A Social Profile of Homophobes
The Impact of Homophobia
AIDS, Gays, and Straights
Fighting Homophobia
A Global Perspective on Homophobia
Other Victims of Social Stigma
Transgenderists: Transsexuals, Intersexuals, and Transvestites
People with Physical Disabilities
The Obese
The Tattooed
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Substance Use and Abuse
Drug Use
Drug Use in Perspective
Illegal Drugs: Their Effects and Users
Marijuana
Heroin
Cocaine and Crack
Meth and Roofies
Ecstasy
Social Dimensions of Drug Use
The Extent of Drug Use
Moral Panic: Societal Reaction to Drug Use
Drugs and AIDS
Drugs and Crime
Drugs and Socioeconomic Status
Becoming a Drug User
A Social Profile of Illegal Drug Users
What Causes Illegal Drug Use?
Economic Deprivation Theory
Cognitive Association Theory
Social Psychological Theory
The War on Drugs
Historical Pattern
Punitive Strategy: Law Enforcement
Debate over Legalizing Drugs
Supportive Strategy: Prevention and Treatment
Abusing Prescription Drugs, Particularly OxyContin
Smoking Cigarettes
A Global Perspective on Smoking
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Drinking and Alcoholism
The Extent of Drinking and Alcoholism
Myths about Alcohol Abuse
What Alcohol Does to Its Users
Mental and Physical Impact
Health Effects
Social Consequences
Social Factors in Drinking
Gender and Age
Racial and Ethnic Background
Religious Affiliation
Socioeconomic Status
Regional Location
A Global Perspective on Drinking
What Is Alcoholism?
Becoming an Alcoholic
Social Drinker
Psychologically Addicted
Physically Addicted
Hitting Bottom
College Students and Alcohol
Binge Drinking in College
A Social Profile of College Binge Drinkers
Women and Alcohol
Why More Women Drink Today
Alcoholism among Women
What Causes Alcoholism?
A Biological Predisposition
The Alcoholic Personality
Social and Cultural Forces
Controlling Alcohol Use and Abuse
Legal Measures
Therapeutic Approaches
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Inequality in Deviance
Privileged Deviance
What Is White-Collar Deviance?
Corporate Deviance
Deviance against Employees
Deviance against Customers
Deviance against the Government
Deviance against the Environment
A Social Profile of Corporate Crooks
Occupational Deviance
Employee Theft
Embezzlement
Financial Frauds
Deviance in the Professions
What Makes White-Collar Deviance Unique?
The Deviant's Respectable Self-image
The Victim's Unwitting Cooperation
Society's Relative Indifference
Causes of White-Collar Deviance
Deviant Motivation: Fear of Loss and Greed for Gain
Deviant Opportunity: The Benefit of High Position and Power
Weak Social Control: Lax Law Enforcement
Governmental Deviance
Political Corruption
Election Improprieties
Official Violence
A Global Perspective on Official Corruption
Official Ways of Neutralizing Deviance
Denying the Obvious
Ignoring the Deviance
Accusing the Accuser
Promising to Take Action
Justifying the Deviance
Causes of Governmental Deviance
Superabundance of Ambiguous Laws
Governmental Complexity and Power
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Underprivileged Deviance
Robbery
Robbery as a Property Crime
Robbery as a Violent Crime
Patterns of Robbery
Amateur and Professional Robbers
Causes of Robbery
Auto Theft and Carjacking
Characteristics and Trends
Causes
Burglary
Modus Operandi
Causes of Burglary
Shoplifting
A Social Profile of Shoplifters
Causes of Shoplifting
Organized Crime
Organizational Structure
Organized Crime Activities
Ethnicity and Organized Crime
The War on Organized Crime in the United States
A Global Perspective on Organized Crime
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
Cyberspace: Wild Frontier
Internet Deviance
Seeking Easy Money Online
Online Identity Theft
Internet Gambling
Searching Cyberspace for Sex
Cybersex
Internet Pornography
A Social Profile of Cyberporn Surfers
Online Affairs
Expressing Hate Online
Prejudice and Discrimination in Cyberspace
Stalking through Cyberspace
Disrupting Computer Networks
Computer Hacking
Terrorism in Cyberspace
A Global Perspective on Cyberdeviance
Summary
Further Reading
Critical Thinking Questions
References
Name Index
Subject Index