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Introduction to Communication Disorders A Lifespan Perspective

ISBN-10: 0205487874

ISBN-13: 9780205487875

Edition: 3rd 2007 (Revised)

Authors: Robert E. Owens, Dale Evan Metz, Adelaide Haas

List price: $106.67
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Description:

Written in an appealing and highly readable manner, Introduction to Communication Disorders: A Lifespan Perspective has provided a multitude of students with a comprehensive introduction to the fields of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology.
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Book details

List price: $106.67
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 4/5/2006
Binding: Mixed Media
Pages: 576
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.2
Language: English

Owens is a professor and director of the graduate program in Speech-Language Pathology

Preface
A Journey: From Student to Professional
Helping Others to Help Themselves
The Professionals
Audiologists
Speech-Language Pathologists
Speech, Language, and Hearing Scientists
Related Professions: A Team Approach
Service through the Lifespan
Professional Organizations
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Related Professional Associations
Communication Disorders in Historical Perspective
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Code of Ethics
Typical and Disordered Communication
Human Communication
The Social Animal
Means of Communication
Communication through the Lifespan
Communication Impairments
Language Disorders
Speech Disorders
Hearing Disorders
Central Auditory Processing Disorders
How Common Are Communication Disorders?
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Anatomy and Physiology Related to Speech, Hearing, and Language
The Physiological Subsystems Supporting Speech
The Respiratory System
The Laryngeal System
The Articulatory/Resonating System
The Speech Production Process
Anatomical and Physiological Changes to the Speech Mechanism through the Lifespan
The Respiratory System
The Laryngeal System
The Articulatory/Resonating System
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Assessment and Intervention
Differences, Dialects, Disorders
A Communication Continuum
Dialects
Disorders
Is There a Problem?
Referrals
Screening
Defining the Problem
Assessment Goals
Assessment Procedures
Intervention with Communication Disorders
Evidence-Based Practice
Objectives of Intervention
Target Selection
Baseline Data
Behavioral Objectives
Clinical Elements
Measuring Effectiveness
Follow-up and Maintenance
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Childhood Language Impairments
Language Development through the Lifespan
Pre-Language
Toddler Language
Preschool Language
School-Age and Adolescent Language
Adult Language
Associated Disorders and Related Causes
Mental Retardation/Developmental Disabilities
Learning Disabilities
Specific Language Impairment
Autism Spectrum and Pervasive Development Disorders
Brain Injury
Neglect and Abuse
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Drug-Exposed Children
Conclusion
Aspects of Language Affected
Assessment
Referral and Screening
Case History and Interview
Observation
Testing
Sampling
Intervention
Target Selection and Sequence of Training
Intervention Principles
Intervention Procedures
Intervention through the Lifespan
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Developmental Literacy Impairments
Reading
Phonological Awareness
Comprehension
Reading Development through the Lifespan
Reading Problems through the Lifespan
Assessment of Developmental Reading
Intervention for Developmental Reading Impairment
Writing
Spelling
Writing Development through the Lifespan
Writing Problems through the Lifespan
Assessment of Developmental Writing
Intervention for Developmental Writing Impairment
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Adult Language Impairments
Language Development through the Lifespan
Use
Content
Form
Aphasia
Concomitant or Accompanying Deficits
Types of Aphasia
Causes of Aphasia
Lifespan Issues
Assessment for Aphasia
Intervention
Conclusion
Right Hemisphere Injury
Characteristics
Assessment
Intervention
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Characteristics
Lifespan Issues
Assessment
Intervention
Dementia
Alzheimer's Disease
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Fluency Disorders
Fluent Speech versus Stuttering
Normal Disfluencies
Stuttered Disfluencies
The Onset and Development of Stuttering through the Lifespan
The Effects of Stuttering through the Lifespan
Theories and Conceptualizations of Stuttering
Organic Theory
Behavioral Theory
Psychological Theory
Current Conceptual Models of Stuttering
Therapeutic Techniques Used with Young Children
The Evaluation of Stuttering
Indirect and Direct Stuttering Intervention
Parental Counseling
Therapeutic Techniques Used with Older Children and Adults Who Stutter
Modifying the Timing of Speech Movements
Modifying the Physical Tension of Speech Movements
Selecting Intervention Techniques
The Effectiveness of Stuttering Intervention through the Lifespan
Efficacy of Intervention with Preschool-Age Children
Efficacy of Therapy with School-Age Children
Efficacy of Intervention with Adolescents and Adults
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
The Voice and Voice Disorders
Changes in Voice Production through the Lifespan
Infancy and Childhood
Adulthood
Advanced Age
Pitch and the Pitch-Changing Mechanism
Vocal Intensity and the Intensity-Changing Mechanism
Disorders of Voice
Disorders of Vocal Pitch
Disorders of Vocal Loudness
Disorders of Vocal Quality
Nonphonatory Vocal Disorders
Voice Disorders Associated with Vocal Misuse or Abuse
Voice Disorders Associated with Medical or Physical Conditions
Voice Disorders Associated with Hypoadduction
Voice Disorders Associated with Hyperadduction
Other Conditions that Affect Voice Production
Voice Disorders Associated with Psychological or Stress Conditions
The Voice Evaluation and Intervention
The Voice Evaluation
Intervention for Voice Disorders Associated with Vocal Misuse or Abuse
Intervention for Voice Disorders Associated with Medical or Physical Conditions
Intervention for Voice Disorders Associated with Psychological or Stress Conditions
Efficacy of Voice Therapy
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Disorders of Articulation and Phonology
Understanding Speech Sounds
Classification of Consonants by Place and Manner
Classification of Vowels by Tongue and Lip Position and Tension
Distinctive Feature Analysis
Speech Sound Development through the Lifespan
Pre-Speech
Toddler Speech
Preschool Speech
School-Age Speech
Phonology and Articulation
Associated Disorders and Related Causes
Developmental Impairment in Children
Language Impairments
Hearing Impairments
Neuromuscular Disorders
Apraxia of Speech
Cleft Palate
Other Organic Abnormalities
Language and Dialectal Variations
Characteristics of Articulation and Phonology
Lifespan Issues
Assessment
Description of Phonological Status
Prognostic Indicators
Intervention
Target Selection
Intervention Approaches
Generalization and Maintenance
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
Physical Challenges of Clefts through the Lifespan
The Development of the Face and Palate
Facial Development
Development of the Secondary Palate
Cleft Lip and Palate Classification Systems
Clinical Features of Clefts
Cleft of the Lip
Unilateral Cleft of the Lip and Palate
Bilateral Cleft of the Lip and Palate
Submucous Cleft
Etiologies of Clefts
Genetic Disorders
Chromosomal Aberrations
Teratogenically Induced Disorders
Mechanically Induced Abnormalities
Incidence of Clefts
Gender and Racial Differences
The Cleft Palate Team and General Management Issues through the Lifespan
Surgical Management of Clefts
Dental Management of Clefts
Audiological Management of Clefts
Psychosocial Management of Clefts
Communicative Problems Associated with Clefts
Voice Disorders
Resonance Disorders
Articulation Disorders
Language Disorders
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Neurogenic Speech Disorders
Causes of Neurogenic Speech Disorders
Cerebral Palsy
Types of Cerebral Palsy
Motor Speech Problems Associated with Cerebral Palsy
Etiology
Lifespan Issues
Assessment
Intervention
The Dysarthrias
Types of Dysarthria and Associated Etiologies
Lifespan Issues
Assessment
Intervention
Apraxia of Speech
Etiology
Assessment
Intervention
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Disorders of Swallowing
Lifespan Perspectives
The Swallowing Process
Anticipatory Phase
Oral Phase
Pharyngeal Phase
Esophageal Phase
Disordered Swallowing
Anticipatory Phase
Oral Phase
Pharyngeal Phase
Esophageal Phase
Pediatric Dysphagia
Dysphagia in Adults
Evaluation for Swallowing
Screening for Dysphagia in Newborns and the Elderly
Case History and Background Information Regarding Dysphagia
Clinical Assessment
Instrumentation
Dysphagia Intervention and Treatment
Feeding Environment
Body and Head Positioning
Modification of Foods and Beverages
Oral-Motor Exercises and Swallowing Techniques
Medical and Pharmacological Approaches
Prognoses and Outcomes for Swallowing Disorders
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Resources
Online Resources
Audiology and Hearing Loss
Incidence and Prevalence of Hearing Loss
Hearing Loss through the Lifespan
Psychosocial Aspects of Hearing Loss
Classification of Impairment, Disability, and Handicap
Deafness, the Deaf Community, and Deaf Culture
What Is Audiology?
Fundamentals of Sound
Audibility versus Intelligibility
Anatomy and Physiology of the Auditory System
The Outer Ear
The Middle Ear
The Inner Ear
The Vestibulocochlear Nerve
The Central Auditory Nervous System
Types of Hearing Loss
Conductive Hearing Loss
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Mixed Hearing Loss
Auditory Processing Disorders
Degrees of Hearing Loss
Audiological Assessment Procedures
Assessing Infants and Children versus Adults
Counseling
Referral and Case History
Otoscopic Examination
Electroacoustic and Electrophysiological Testing
Behavioral Testing
Aural Habilitation/Rehabilitation
Amplification
Assistive Listening Devices
Auditory Training
Communication Strategy Training
Treatment and Management of Auditory Processing Disorders
Communication Modality
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Types of AAC
Unaided AAC
Aided AAC
Speech and AAC
Theory and Reality
Lifespan Issues
Assessment Considerations
AAC System Selection
AAC Symbol Selection
AAC Vocabulary Selection
Intervention Considerations
Summary
Reflections
Suggested Readings
Online Resources
Glossary
References
Author Index
Subject Index