Current Issues and Controversies in Policing

ISBN-10: 020547005X

ISBN-13: 9780205470051

Edition: 2007

Authors: Michael D. White

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Description:

Examine historical, current, and future issues. Five general areas of policing are examined: (1) Selection, Recruitment and Training; (2) New Philosophies and Strategies; (3) Police Management and Operations; (4) Police Misconduct and Accountability; (5) the Future of Policing. Intro to Policing, Issues in Policing
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Book details

List price: $78.60
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/19/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 400
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Preface
Selection, Recruitment, and Training
Recruitment and Selection
The Traditional Approach
The First Fifty Years of Professional Policing
Reforming the Police: Recruitment and Selection as a First Step
The Emergence of Selection Procedures: Elements of a Standard Process
Current Issues and Controversies
Recruitment
Basic Requirements
Selection Tests
Other Current Issues in Recruitment and Selection
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
References
Scholar's Perspective: The Challenge of Police Recruitment
Training the Police
Craft Versus Profession
Policing as a Craft
Policing as a Profession
Finding the Middle Ground: Reducing the Gap between the Academy and the Street
The Need for Training and Education
Police Academy Training
Historical Perspective
The Traditional Academy Model
Shortcomings of the Traditional Academy Training
Field Training Officer Programs
The San Jose Model
The Benefits of an FTO Program
Performance Evaluation of Rookies
Selecting the Field Training Officers
An Example of an FTO Program
In-Service Training
Specialized Training
Management Training
Current Issues
Changing the Traditional Police Academy Pedagogy: Andragogy
Training in Community/Problem-Oriented Policing
Multicultural/Diversity Training
Stress Management Training
Domestic Violence Training
Training in Handling the Mentally Ill
Training in Communication and Writing
Technology and Training
Counterterrorism Training
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
References
Scholar's Perspective: Police Training in America
New Philosophies and Strategies
Developing the Professional Policing Model
The Origins of Professional Policing: Sir Robert Peel and the Metropolitan London Police
The Impetus for Change in London
Sir Robert Peel and the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829
The Need for Development of Professional Policing in the United States
U.S. Policing in the Nineteenth Century
Who Became Police Officers and How Did They Get the Job?
The Activities of the Nineteenth-Century U.S. Police Officer
Corruption and Brutality
Reforming the Police
A First Attempt at Reform
A Second Effort at Police Reform
Cracks in the Foundation of the Professional Police Model
A Partial Success
Signs of Trouble: Prohibition and the Wickersham Commission
The Police Subculture and the Working Personality
The 1950s and 1960s: National Crisis and the Police
The Research Revolution
Fallout from the 1960s: Policing Comes Full Circle
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
References
Scholar's Perspective: Populism, Politics, and the Struggle for Police Professionalism in the United States
New Policing Philosophies and Strategies
Problem-Oriented Policing
Theoretical Foundations
The Basic Elements of Problem-Oriented Policing: The SARA Model
Characteristics of the Problem-Oriented Police Department
Diffusion: How Widespread Is Problem-Oriented Policing?
Research on the Effectiveness of Problem-Oriented Policing
Limitations and Questions
Community-Oriented Policing
Theoretical Foundations
Core Features of Community Policing
Diffusion
Research on the Effectiveness of Community Policing
Limitations and Questions
Compstat
Background
The Stages of CompStat
The Six Core Components
Diffusion and Impact of CompStat
Zero Tolerance Policing
The Principles of Zero Tolerance Policing
The Impact of Zero Tolerance Policing
Cop, Pop, Compstat, and Zero Tolerance: Similarities and Differences
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
References
Scholar's Perspective: The Brooklyn North Neighborhood Safety Project
Police Management and Operations
The Police Organization
The Police Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy and the Police
The Quasi-Military Style of Policing
Civil Service
Police Unions
Function and Structure of the Police Organization
Functions of the Police
Structure of the Police Organization
Supervision and Leadership
Current Issues in Police Management and Organization
Alternative Organizational Methods
Manpower and Resource Shortages
Militarization of the Police
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
References
Scholar's Perspective: Restructuring of the City of Paterson, New Jersey, Police Department
Police Field Work
Police and the Law
Key Legal Principles and Issues from the Bill of Rights: Search, Seizure, and Arrest
Current Issues and Controversies Involving the Law
Discretion and Decision Making
Defining and Discovering Discretion
The Context of Police Decision Making
The Factors that Influence Police Decisions
Understanding the Complexity of Police Decision Making
Building on What We Know: Increasing the Rationality of Police Decision Making
New (and Some Old) Crime Problems
Drugs and Gangs
Policing Domestic Violence
Police and the Mentally Ill
Identity Theft and Computer Crime
Terrorism
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
References
Scholar's Perspective: The Police and Sex Offenders
Measuring Police Performance
The Unclear Police Mandate
Traditional Measures of Police Performance
The Numbers Game
Summary
New Measures of Police Performance
At the Department Level
At the Individual Officer Level
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
References
Practitioner's Perspective: Measuring Police Officer Performance in the NYPD
Police Misconduct and Accountability
Police Misconduct
Defining and Measuring Police Misconduct
Police Crime
Occupational Deviance
Corruption
Abuse of Authority
U.S. Policing and Misconduct: History, Prevalence, and Consequences
The History of U.S. Policing and Misconduct
How Prevalent Is Police Misconduct Today?
The Consequences of Police Misconduct
Theoretical Frameworks for Understanding Police Misconduct
The Rotten Apple Theory
Structural Explanations
The Persistent Problems for Police
Abuse of Authority
Corruption
Prejudice and Discrimination
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
References
Scholar's Perspective: Police Pursuit: Policies and Training
Police Accountability: Internal Mechanisms
Internal Control Mechanisms
Careful Recruitment and Selection of Personnel
Police Training
Supervision
Administrative Guidance
Internal Affairs
Integrity Tests
Early Warning Systems
Accreditation
Changing the Subculture
The Central Role of the Chief
Police Field Work
Measuring Police Performance
Police Deviance and Responding to It
Technology
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
References
Scholar's Perspective: COPS and CSI: Reality Television?
Index
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