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Women's Lives A Topical Approach

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ISBN-10: 0205439209

ISBN-13: 9780205439201

Edition: 2006

Authors: Claire A. Etaugh, Judith S. Bridges

List price: $102.60
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Description:

"Women's Lives: A Topical Approach" draws on this rich literature to present a broad range of experiences and issues of relevance to girls and women. Because it does not presuppose any background in psychology, this book can be used as the sole or primary text in introductory-level psychology of women courses and, with other books, in psychology of gender or interdisciplinary women's studies courses. Additionally, its presentation of both current and classical research and theory make it a suitable choice, along with supplementary materials, for more advanced courses focused on the psychology of women or gender.
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Book details

List price: $102.60
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 672
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.090
Language: English

Preface
Introduction to the Psychology of Women: History and Research
Definitions: Sex and Gender
Women and Men: Similar or Different?
Similarities Approach
Differences Approach
Feminism
History of Women in Psychology
Women and the American Psychological Association
Women's Contributions
History of the Psychology of Women
The Early Years
The Recent Years
Studying the Psychology of Women
Bias in Psychological Research
Feminist Research Methods
Drawing Conclusions from Multiple Studies
Themes in the Text
Diversity of Women's Experiences
Gender Differences in Power
Social Construction of Gender
Cultural Representation of Gender
Stereotypes of Females and Males
The Content of Gender Stereotypes
The Perceiver's Ethnicity and Gender Stereotypes
The Target's Characteristics and Gender Stereotypes
Stereotypes of Girls and Boys
Bases for Gender Stereotypes
Stereotypes Based on Identity Labels
Sexism
Ambivalent Sexism
Changes in Sexist Attitudes over Time
Modern Sexism
Experiences with Sexism
Representation of Gender in the Media
Underrepresentation of Females
Underrepresentation of Specific Groups of Females
Portrayal of Gender-Based Social Roles
Depiction of Female Communion and Male Agency
Emphasis on Female Attractiveness and Sexuality
Significance of Gender-Role Media Images
Representation of Gender in the English Language
Language Practices Based on the Assumption That Male Is Normative
Negative Terms for Females
Significance of the Differential Treatment of Females and Males in Language
Gender Self-Concept: Developmental Processes and Individual Differences
Gender Self-Concept
Prenatal Development
Stages of Prenatal Sex Differentiation
Intersexuality
Theories of Gender Typing
Psychoanalytic Theory
Social Learning Theory
Cognitive Developmental Theory
Gender Schema Theory
Gender-Related Traits
Changes in Gender-Related Traits over Time
Gender-Related Traits and Psychological Adjustment
Evaluation of the Concept of Androgyny
Gender Attitudes
Individual Differences in Gender-Related Attitudes
Perceived Value of Female versus Male Gender-Related Attributes
Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence
Children's Knowledge and Beliefs about Gender
Distinguishing between Females and Males
Gender Identity and Self-Perceptions
Gender Stereotypes
Gender-Related Activities and Interests
Physical Performance and Sports
Toys and Play
Gender Segregation
Influences on Gender Development
Parents
Siblings
School
Peers
Media
Puberty
Events of Puberty
Menarche
Gender Differences in Puberty
Early and Late Maturation in Girls
Psychosocial Development in Adolescence
Identity
Self-Esteem
Gender Intensification
Body Image
Gender Comparisons: Social Behavior, Personality, Communication, and Cognition
Gender-Related Social Behaviors and Personality Traits
Aggression
Prosocial Behavior
Influenceability
Emotionality
Moral Reasoning
Communication Style
Verbal Communication
Nonverbal Communication
Gender Comparison of Cognitive Abilities
Verbal Ability
Visual-Spatial Ability
Mathematics Ability
Sexuality
Sexuality
Sexual Anatomy and Sexual Response
Sexual Attitudes
Sexual Behaviors
Sexual Problems
Lesbians and Bisexual Women
Bisexual Women
Attitudes Towards Lesbians
Explanations of Sexual Orientation
Sexual Activity During Adolescence
Frequency of Sexual Activity
Factors Associated with Sexual Activity
The Double Standard
Sexual Desire
Sexual Activity in Midlife
Physical Changes
Patterns of Sexual Activity
Sexual Activity in Later Life
Benefits of Sexual Activity in Later Life
Sexual Behavior of the Elderly
Factors Affecting Sexual Behavior
Enhancing Sexuality in Later Life
Reproductive System and Childbearing
Menstruation
The Menstrual Cycle
Menstrual Pain
Attitudes toward Menstruation
Menstrual Joy
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Contraception
Contraception in Adolescence
Methods of Contraception
Abortion
Incidence
Methods
Consequences of Abortion
Pregnancy
Pregnancy
Miscarriage
Teenage Pregnancy
Childbirth
Stages of Childbirth
Methods of Childbirth
Childbearing after 40
Childbearing in the Later Years
Postpartum Distress
Infertility and Assisted Reproductive Technology
Reproductive Functioning in Midlife and Beyond
Menopause
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Relationships
Friendships
Friendship in Adolescence
Friendship in Adulthood
Friendship in Later Life
Romantic Relationships
Importance of Physical Attractiveness
Perception of Sexual Interest
Dating
Gender-Related Behaviors and Roles in Dating Relationships
Recent Trends in Dating
Committed Relationships
Marriage
Cohabitation
Lesbian Relationships
Unattached Lifestyles
Divorce
Single Women
Widowhood
Loss of a Same-Sex Partner
Motherhood
Stereotypes of Mothers
Single Mothers
Lesbian Mothers
Mothers with Disabilities
The Postparental Period
Relationships in the Later Years
Siblings
Adult Children
Grandchildren
Parents
Education and Achievement
Women's Educational Values, Attainment, and Campus Experience
Educational Values
Educational Attainment
Campus Climate
Women's Work-Related Goals
Career Aspirations
Career Counseling
Work-Family Expectations
Work-Family Outcomes
Salary Expectations
Influences on Women's Achievement Level and Career Decisions
Orientation to Achievement
Personality Characteristics
Sexual Orientation
Social and Cultural Factors
Job-Related Characteristics
Entering the Workplace
Employment
Women's Decision to Work, Employment Rates, and Occupational Choices
Decision to Work
Employment Rates
Occupational Choices
Gender Differences in Leadership and Job Advancement
Leadership Positions
Barriers That Hinder Women's Advancement
Women as Leaders
Gender Differences in Salaries
Comparative Salaries
Reasons for Differences in Salaries
Women's Job Satisfaction
Gender Differences in Satisfaction
Factor Influencing Lesbians' Job Satisfaction
The Older Woman Worker
Employment Rates
Why Do Older Women Work?
Entering the Workforce in Later Life
Age Discrimination in the Workplace
Changing the Workplace
Organizational Procedures and Policies
Strategies for Women
Retirement
The Retirement Decision
Adjustment to Retirement
Leisure Activities in Retirement
Economic Issues in Later Life
Poverty
Retirement Income: Planning Ahead
Balancing Family and Work
Attitudes toward Women's Family and Employment Roles
Role of Ethnicity
Role of Motherhood
Personal Aspirations
Division of Household Labor
Importance of Work and Family Roles for Women and Men
Women's Housework and Child Care
Caring for Aging Parents
Leisure Time
Women's Perceptions of the Division of Family Labor
Explanations of the Division of Family Labor
Family-Work Coordination
Women's Experiences with Parental Leave
Women's Experiences Balancing Family and Work
Effects of Mothers' Employment on Children
Effects of Wives' Employment on the Marital Relationship
Solutions to Family-Work Balancing Difficulties
Midlife Transitions in Family and Work Roles
Satisfaction with Life Roles
Regrets about Life Direction
Making Changes
Midlife Transitions: A Cautionary Note
Physical Health
Health Services
The Physician-Patient Relationship
Type and Quality of Care
Women of Color and Health Care
Lesbian Health and Health Care
Health Insurance
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
Overview of STIs
AIDS
Reproductive System Disorders
Benign Conditions
Cancers
Hysterectomy
Osteoporosis
Risk Factors
Prevention and Treatment
Heart Disease
Gender Differences
Risk Factors
Diagnosis and Treatment
Psychological Impact
Breast Cancer
Risk Factors
Detection
Treatment
Psychological Impact
Physical Health in Later Life
Gender Differences in Mortality
Social Class and Ethnic Differences
Gender Differences in Illness
Disability
Promoting Good Health
Physical Activity and Exercise
Nutrition
Mental Health
Factors Promoting Mental Health
Social Support
Optimism: "The Power of Positive Thinking"
Mental Health in Childhood and Adolescence
Internalizing Disorders in Girls
Externalizing Disorders in Girls
Eating Disorders
Types of Eating Disorders
Causes of Eating Disorders
Treatment of Eating Disorders
Substance Use and Abuse
Alcohol
Illegal Substances
Anxiety Disorders and Depression
Anxiety Disorders
Depression
Suicide
Mental Health of Lesbians
Stresses
Problems and Coping Mechanisms
Mental Health of Older Women
Gender Differences
The Vital Older Woman
Diagnosis and Treatment of Psychological Orders
Gender Bias in Diagnosis
Gender Bias in Psychotherapy
Therapy Issues for Women of Color and Poor Women
Types of Therapy
Violence Against Girls and Women
Sexual Harassment at School
Elementary and Secondary School
The College Campus
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
Incidence
Consequences
Explanations
Women's Responses
Violence Against Girls
Child Sexual Abuse
Infanticide and Neglect
Dating Violence
Incidence of Dating Violence
Who Engages in Dating Violence?
Rape
Incidence
Acquaintance Rape
Factors Associated with Acquaintance Rape
Effects of Rape
Rape Prevention
Theories of Rape
Intimate Partner Violence
Incidence
Role of Disability, Social Class, and Ethnicity
Risk Factors
Effects of Intimate Partner Violence
Leaving the Abusive Relationship
Theories of Intimate Partner Violence
Interventions
Elder Abuse
Types of Abuse
Who Is Abused and Who Abuses?
What Can Be Done?
A Feminist Future: Goals, Actions, and Attitudes
Feminist Goals
Gender Equality in Organizational Power
Gender Equality in Relationship Power
Gender Equality in Power for All Groups of Women
Greater Flexibility in the Social Construction of Gender
Actions to Achieve These Goals
Research and Teaching
Socialization of Children
Institutional Procedures
Individual Actions
Collective Action
Feminist Beliefs
Feminist Identification
Emergence of Feminist Beliefs
Men and Feminism
Postscript
References
Name Index
Subject Index