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New History of Social Welfare

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ISBN-10: 0205437036

ISBN-13: 9780205437030

Edition: 5th 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Phyllis J. Day

List price: $113.33
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Description:

This revision traces the conceptual evolution of social welfare and presents a sweeping view of the history of social welfare programs from prehistory to the present. The author takes a feminist perspective and integrates coverage of women's and minority issues into the development of our present social welfare system. Particular attention is paid to the issues of poverty and social and economic justice. Book jacket.
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Book details

List price: $113.33
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 528
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.354
Language: English

Preface
Values in Social Welfare
Values in Social Welfare
What are Values?
Foundations of Charity and Control
American Social Values
Judaeo-Christian Charity Values
Democratic Egaliarianism and Individualism
The Protestant Work Ethic and Capitalism
Social Darwinism
The New Puritanism
Patriarchy
White Privilege
Marriage and the Nuclear Family
The "American Ideal": "Looksism" and "Otherism"
Issues of Discrimination
Classism and Poverty
Institutional Discrimination
Conclusion: Values and Power
Study Questions
Notes
The Institution of Social Welfare: An Overview
The Meaning of Social Institution
The Economy
The Polity
The Family
Religion
Social Welfare
Perspectives on Social Welfare
The Residual Perspective
The Institutional Perspective
Newer Perspectives in Social Welfare
The Scope of Social Welfare
Life Necessity Services: Overview
Educational, Recreational, or Rehabilitative Services: Overview
Protective or Custodial Services: Overview
Personal Social Services: Overview
The Profession of Social Work
The Emergence of the Profession
Conclusion: Social Work and Social Control
Study Questions
Notes
The Beginnings of Social Welfare: Political Economy and Early Societies
Prehistory and Social Welfare to 6000 B.C.E.
The Beginnings of History: 6000-1200 B.C.E.
Africa: Birthplace of Humankind
Mesopotamia in the Bronze Age: to 1200 B.C.E.
Invasion, Conquest, and Patriarchal Religion
The Israelite Influence
Moving into the Iron Age: 1200-400 B.C.E.
Early Judaic Social Welfare
The Dynasties of China
India and the Caste System
Greece, Christianity, and the Roman Empire
Greece and the City-States
Early Roman Society and the Beginning of Christianity
Jesus and the New Religion
State and Church in Rome
Conclusion: Beginnings of Charity and Control
Study Questions
Notes
Feudalism and the Welfare State
The Dark and Middle Ages
The Feudal Society
The Scientific Revolution
The Church and Social Welfare
Forms of Private Welfare
The Dissolution of Feudalism
The Black Death and the Witchcraze
Poverty Becomes a Crime
The Statute of Laborers
The Commercial Revolution
The Protestant Reformation: New Meanings for Work and Welfare
Lutheranism, Calvinism, and the Work Ethic
Women Under Protestantism
Social Welfare and Work Morality
Social Welfare in England: The Tudor Period
The Elizabethan Poor Laws of 1601
Almshouse for the Impotent Poor
Dependent Children
Sturdy Beggars: The Able-Bodied Poor
Prisons
Overview of Social Welfare in England
The Industrial Revolution and the Emergence of Capitalism
The Emergence of Capitalism
The Industrial Revolution and the New Poor Law
Conclusion: Reifying the Values of the Past
Study Questions
Notes
Social Welfare Moves to the Americas
The Indigenous Peoples of America
The European Invasion of North America
The French in the New World
The Spanish in the New World
The Dutch in North America
The English in New England
Work in North America
The Practice of Indenture
Women in the Colonies
Social Welfare in the Colonies
Early American Poor Laws
Private Philanthropy
Slavery in the Americas
The Golden Triangle and the Triangular Trade
Toward the Revolution
Women in the Revolution
The New Nation and Its Constitution
Conclusion: Revolution to Status Quo
Study Questions
Notes
America to the Civil War
The First Civil Rights Movement
Immigration and Migration
Employment and Unionization
Private Philanthropy
Religious Answers to Poverty
Social Reform Ideals
The Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor
Special-Interest Charities
Government Responses
Outdoor Relief
Social Treatment in the 1800s
Medical Care and General Hospitals
Mental Hospitals and Psychiatry
Education
Care of Blind, Deaf, and Developmentally Disabled People
Social Control
Juvenile Justice Systems
Adult Criminals and Penitentiaries
Nonwhite Minorities: Expendable Commodities in the New Nation
Native Americans: A Case of Genocide
Chinese in America
The Contributions of People of African Descent
Hispanic Americans
The Women's Movement in the 1800s
Conclusion: Working Toward Freedom
Study Questions
Notes
The American Welfare State Begins
The Civil War: A New Nation Emerges
Charity in the Civil War
After the Civil War
The Freedmen's Bureau
Services for Veterans
Postwar Political Economy
Labor and Unionization
Population, Immigration, and the People
White Immigration, African American Migration
Asian Immigrants
Native Americans After the War
Emancipation and the Plight of the Freedmen
"True Womanhood"
Emerging Philosophies and Social Welfare
Social Darwinism and the Charity Organization Society
Private Interest Agencies
Populism and the Settlement House Movement
Child-Saving
Public Welfare Efforts
Professionalization of Social Work
Conclusion: Moving Toward Reform
Study Questions
Notes
The Progressive Era, War, and Recovery
The Progressive Era
Population Movements and Immigration
Immigration Acts
Oppression of African Americans and Native Americans
African American Leaders
Native Americans
Labor and the Unions
Women and Unions
Social Welfare in the Progressive Era
Reforms for Children
Medical and Psychiatric Social Work
Veterans' Welfare
Aid to Blind People and Aid to People with Disabilities
Old Age Assistance
Unemployment Insurance and Workers' Compensation
Juvenile and Criminal Justice
Women's Movements and Peace Protests
Suffrage
Women and Health
Abortion and Contraception
The Professionalization of Social Work
Conclusion: New Freedoms and Old Constraints
Study Questions
Notes
The Great Depression and Social Security for Americans
The Great Depression
Social Revolt and Temporary Relief
Roosevelt's Emergency Measures
Eleanor Roosevelt and Women in the New Deal
Social Insurance in the United States
Programs of Social Insurance Based on the Social Security Acts
Old Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI)
Unemployment Compensation: Title III
Workers' Compensation: State Social Insurance
Public Assistance Programs of the Social Security Acts
Old Age Assistance (OAA)
Aid to the Blind (AB) and Aid to the Disabled (AD)
Aid to Dependent Children (ADC)
Maternal and Child Welfare Act: Title V
The Professionalization of Social Work
World War II
Internment of Japanese Americans
The War Years
The War and People of Minorities
Social Welfare Services: The War and After
Women After the War
The Resurgence of Social Work
Reorganizing Federal Social Welfare Efforts
The American Dream
Conclusion: Moving Toward the Future
Study Questions
Notes
Civil and Welfare Rights in the New Reform Era
The State of the Nation Under Eisenhower
Social Programs in the 1950s
Social Insurance
Public Assistance
Civil Rights Before Kennedy
African Americans
Native Americans
Hispanic Americans
Chinese Americans
Civil Rights in the Kennedy-Johnson Years
Johnson and the Great Society
The Civil Rights Act and Continued Protest
The Voting Rights Act and New Legal Rights
Social Programs in the Kennedy-Johnson Years
Kennedy's Social Security Amendments
The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964
Programs Amended Under Johnson
Other Kennedy-Johnson Social Programs
Welfare, Civil Rights, and the Social Work Profession
Conclusion: Looking Back on the 1960s
Study Questions
Notes
The Return to the Past
A Retreat from the Welfare State
Social Programs in the 1970s
Social Insurance
Public Assistance Programs
Other Social Welfare Programs
Food Stamps
Comprehensive Education and Training Act (CETA)
Education and Youth Programs
Housing
Juvenile Protection and Adult Corrections
Civil Rights in the 1970s
Native Americans
Japanese Americans
Other Asian Americans
Mexican Americans
Puerto Ricans and Cubans
African Americans
Women
Gay Liberation
Conclusion: Tightening the Reins
Study Questions
Notes
The Reactionary Vision
Biting the Conservative Bullet
Reaganomics: The Conservative Political Economy
The New Federalism
Privatization
New Federalism: Returning Programs to States
Pruning the Programs
Old Age, Survivors, Disability, and Health Insurance
Unemployment Insurance and the New Poor
Public Assistance Programs
The Family Support Act (FSA) of 1988
Basic Needs Programs
Reaganomics and Nutrition
Reaganomics and Health Care
Housing in the 1980s
Education and Training
Civil Rights Under Reagan and Bush
The Costs of Social Welfare
Estimating Poverty
How Much Did Welfare Cost in the Reagan Era?
The International Element
Conclusion: Past Ideology in a Postindustrial World
Study Questions
Notes
The Decline of Social Responsibility
Clinton and the Republican Congress
Welfare as We Knew It
The "Contract with America"
Restructuring Public Assistance: Losing the Safety Net
The Structure of TANF
The Place of Values in TANF
Did TANF Work?
Other Safety Net Programs
Supplementary Security Income (SSI)
Earned Income Tax Credits (EITCs) and Child and Dependent Care Credits (CDCCs)
Social Insurance
Nutrition Programs: Food Stamps, WIC, and Child Nutrition
Housing and Homelessness
Health Care in America
Health Insurance
Medicare
Medicaid
Social Issues
Empowerment Enterprise Zones
Crime Control
Education
Employment and Jobs
Affirmative Action and Civil Rights
Private Charity
Welfare for the Wealthy and Corporate Welfare
Capital Assets and Tax Cuts
Corporate Welfare
Globalization, the International Economy, and American Social Welfare
Conclusion
Study Questions
Notes
The Synergistic Cycle
Values and Dependency
The Synergistic Cycles of History
The "Why" of Values Analysis
Conclusion: Futureword
Study Questions
Notes
Bibliography
Index