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Elementary Statistics in Social Research The Essentials

ISBN-10: 0205375790

ISBN-13: 9780205375790

Edition: 2004

Authors: Jack Levin, James Alan Fox

List price: $81.20
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Description:

Written to be accessible to a broad range of students, this textbook is adapted from the authors' comprehensive textbook that bears the same title. It introduces statistics to students studying the social sciences by covering the essentials in a concise and accessible way.
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Book details

List price: $81.20
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/25/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 336
Size: 7.25" wide x 8.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.188
Language: English

Each chapter concludes with “Summary,” and “Questions and Problems.”
Preface
Why the Social Researcher Uses Statistics
The Nature of Social Research
Why Test Hypotheses? The Stages of Social Research
Using Series of Numbers to Do Social Research
The Functions of Statistics
Description
Organizing the Data
Frequency Distributions of Nominal Data
Comparing Distributions
Proportions and Percentages
Simple Frequency Distributions of Ordinal and Interval Data
Grouped Frequency Distributions of Interval Data
Cumulative Distributions
Dealing with Decimal Data
Flexible Class Intervals
Cross-Tabulations
Graphic Presentations
Measures of Central Tendency
The Mode
The Median
The Mean
Taking One Step at a Time
Comparing the Mode, Median, and Mean
Measures of Variability
The Range
The Variance and Standard Deviation
The Raw-Score Formula for Variance and Standard Deviation
The Meaning of the Standard Deviation
Comparing Measures of Variability
Terms to Remember
From Description To Decision Making
Probability and the Normal Curve
Probability
Probability Distributions
The Normal Curve as a Probability Distribution
Characteristics of the Normal Curve
The Model and the Reality of the Normal Curve
The Area Under the Normal Curve
Finding Probability Under the Normal Curve
Samples and Populations
Random Sampling
Sampling Error
Sampling Distribution of Means
Standard Error of the Mean
Confidence Intervals
The t Distribution
Estimating Proportions
Decision Making
Testing Differences Between Means
The Null Hypothesis: No Difference Between Means
The Research Hypothesis: A Difference Between Means
Sampling Distribution of Differences Between Means
Testing Hypotheses with the Distribution of Differences Between Means
Levels of Significance
Standard Error of the Difference Between Means
Testing the Difference Between Means
Comparing the Same Sample Measured Twice
Two Sample Tests of Proportions
Requirements for Testing the Difference Between Means
Terms to Remember
Analysis of Variance
The Logic of Analysis of Variance
The Sum of Squares
Mean Square
The F Ratio
Requirements for Using the F Ratio
Terms to Remember
Nonparametric Tests of Significance
The Chi-Square Test
The Median Test
From Decision Making To Association
Correlation
Strength of Correlation
Direction of Correlation
The Correlation Coefficient
Pearson's Correlation Coefficient
Terms to Remember
Regression Analysis
The Regression Model
Interpreting the Regression Line
Regression and Pearson's Correlation
Nonparametric Measures of Correlation
Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient
Goodman's and Kruskal's Gamma
Correlation Coefficient for Nominal Data Arranged in a 2 x 2 Table
Correlation Coefficients for Nominal Data in Larger than 2 x 2 Tables
Applying Statistics
Choosing Statistical Procedures for Research Problems
Research Situations
Research Solutions
A Review of Some Fundamentals of Mathematics
Tables
List of Formulas
Glossary
Answers to Selected Problems
Index