Invitation to Corrections

ISBN-10: 0205314120

ISBN-13: 9780205314126

Edition: 2002 (Student Manual, Study Guide, etc.)

Authors: Clemens Bartollas

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Book details

List price: $137.60
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/31/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 528
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.244

Clem Bartollas is a professor of Sociology at the University of Northern Iowa. He holds a B.A. from Davis and Elkins College, a B.D. from Princeton Theological Seminary, an S.T.M. from San Francisco Theological Seminary, and a Ph.D. in sociology with a special emphasis in criminology from The Ohio State University. He has taught at Pembroke State University, Sangamon State University, and the University of Northern Iowa, where he has received a number of honors, including Distinguished Scholar, the Donald McKay Research Award, and the Regents' Award for Faculty Excellence. Dr. Bartollas is the author of numerous articles and more than 30 texts.

Preface
Historical and Social Contexts
Invitation to Corrections
How Does the Correctional System Function?
What are the Three Dominant Perspectives in Corrections Today?
The San Quentin Jute Mill
What Does it Mean to Have a Sociological Approach to Corrections?
Corrections and the External Environment
Who are the Participants in the Corrections System?
Standards of Employee Conduct
What are the Challenges of Corrections Work?
From Vengeance to Reform: A Historical Perspective
What Were the Legal Codes of the Ancient World?
Hammurabi's Code
Timeline Development of Corrections from Ancient Times to the Nineteenth Century
What is the Relationship Between Social Contexts and the Justifications for Punishment?
The Execution of Robert Damiens
Life on Norfolk Island
What is the Role of Imprisonment in the Development of Corrections?
How did the Ideas of Enlightenment Thinkers Influence the Development of Corrections?
Who Were the Early Prison Reformers?
Heroes: John Howard, Jail Reformer
The Development of Corrections in the United States
What was Distinctive About the Early History of Corrections in the Colonies?
What was Pennsylvania's Innovation in Penal Reform?
Abuses in the Pennsylvania System
How Did the New York Penal System Differ from the Pennsylvania Model?
Captain Elam Lynds
What Does it Mean That Prisons are Places for Rehabilitation?
How Did the Punishment of Women Differ from the Punishment of Men?
How Did Criminal Punishment in the South Differ from Punishment Elsewhere?
Timeline: History of American Prisons
What was Distinctive About Corrections in the Twentieth Century?
What Can We Learn from the Past?
Heroes: Richard A. McGee, Former Director of Corrections in California
The Punishment of Offenders
What are the Goals of Punishment?
Should We Return to Corporal Punishment?
Minnesota, a Pioneer in Restorative Justice
How Do the froms of Punishment Differ?
What are the Main Theoretical Positions About Punishment and the Social System?
Heroes Norval Morris, Professor of Law at the University of Chicago Law School
How Is Sentencing Related to the Correctional Process?
Community-Based Corrections
The Rise of Community-Based Corrections
How Is Community-Based Corrections Changing?
Timeline The Rise of Community-Based Corrections in the United States
What Is the Structure of Community-Based Corrections?
Heroes Kenneth F. Schoen, Former Commissioner of the Minnesota Department of Corrections
Services Provided by the Probation and Parole Division of Washington county, Oregon
How Does Community-Based Corrections Function?
"Scarlet Letter" Punishments for Probationers
How Has the Victims' Rights Movement Affected Community-Based Corrections?
Probation
How Did Probation Originate and Develop?
What Is the Present Landscape of Probation?
Timeline Significant Events in the Development of U.S. Probation
Kevin Mitnick and His Adjustment to Federal Probation
How Is Probation Administered?
What Are the Basic Functions of a Probation Officer?
Sample Presentence Investigative Report
How Does the Probation Officer Do His or Her Job?
Heroes Samantha J. O'Hara, U.S. Probation Officer
What Role Does a Volunteer Play in Probation?
Partners against Crime Mentoring Program
What Are Probationers' Rights?
Is Probation Effective?
Intermediate Sanctions
What Is the Continuum of Sanctions?
The Best of Times and the Worst of Times for Intermediate Sanctions
What Is a Fair Assessment of Intensive Supervision of Probation?
How About Restitution, Fines, Community Service, and Forfeiture?
How Do Substance Abuse Treatment Programs Contribute to Intermediate Sanctions?
Eliminating the Revolving Door--Community Policing and Drug Courts
How About Day Reporting Sanctions?
How About Residential and Institutional Sanctions?
Does Money Make a Difference in House Arrest?
Heroes Doris L. MacKenzie, Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland
What Is a Fair Evaluation of Intermediate Sanctions?
Parole, Surveillance, and Reentry Programs
How Did Parole Develop in the Twentieth Century?
What Do Parole Practices Consist of Today?
The Murder of Megan Kanka and the Passing of Megan's Law
How Does the Parole Board Function?
How Does the Parole Officer Function Today?
"I Made a Mistake, but I Haven't Committed Any Crimes"
Why Is Release from Prison Traumatic?
Why So Many Go Back
What Are the Various Reentry Programs?
Heroes Joanne Page, Executive Director of the Fortune Society
Why Does Parole Need Reinventing?
Correctional Institutions
Local Institutions
How Did Jails Originate?
Who Is In Jail?
How Does One Adjust To Jail?
"You're in Jail"
How Do People Get Out Of Jail?
How Are Jails Run?
Heroes: Captain Don Fatherree, Corrections Professional at Fairfax County (Virginia) Adult Detention Center
Is The Role Of The Jail Officer Changing?
What Are The Issues Of Jail Confinement?
Jails Wracked by Sexual Abuse Scandals
What Trends Are Shaping The Jail?
Federal, State, and Private Institutions
What Do Prisons Look Like Today?
The Notorious Cellhouse One
To What Extent Do Prisons Mirror The Larger Society?
Who Has Jurisdictions Over Prison Systems In The United States?
Heroes: Kathleen Hawk Sawyer, Director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons
What Are The Main Types Of Correctional Institutions?
Pelican Bay Prison
What Are The Ingredients Of A Humane Prison?
Correctional Managers and Officers
What Are The Changing Roles Of Institutional Wardens?
Female Correctional Administrators
How Has The Management Style Of Wardens Changed?
Heroes: Frank Wood, Former Commissioner of Corrections and Warden in Minnesota
What Are The Challenges Of Administration?
Characteristics of Successful Wardens
Who Really Runs The Prison?
What Problems Do Correctional Officers Face?
Institutional Security and Violence
What Has Happened To Social Order Within The Prison?
A Former New York Correctional Officer Speaks Out
What Are Expressions Of Prison Violence?
Heroes Mark Colvin, Professor of Sociology at George Mason University
Sex in Prison
What Are The Causes Of Prison Violence?
How Can Prison Violence Be Reduced?
Correctional Programs and Services
What About Classification Systems?
What Are The Most Widely Used Treatment Programs?
Crisis Intervention Is Necessary
Heroes: Martin Groder, M.D., Advocate of Therapeutic Communities within the Walls
What Are The Most Popular Self-Help Programs?
Prison SMART Foundation, Inc.
Are Inmates Interested In Helping Others?
What About Prison Programs?
What Prison Services Are Offered?
How can Correctional Treatment Become More Effective?
Prisoners
The Male Prisoner
How Has the Inmate World Changed?
Structural-Functional Perspective on Imprisonment
Radicalization of Prisoners Movement
Heroes James B. Jacobs, Professor of Law at New York University Law School
What are Special Groups of Male Prisoners?
Serving Time
How do Men Cope With Prison Life?
A Jailhouse Lawyer Speaks
The Female Prisoner
What is the History of Women's Prisons?
Timeline Establishment of Women's Prisons in Each State
What is the Social Structure in Women's Prisons?
Rules in Women's Prisons
Pseudo-Families in Women's Prisons
How About Women on Death Row?
How do Women Cope With Prison Life?
Heroes Elaine A. Lord, Superintendent of Bedford Hills Correctional Center
What Special Issues are Raised by the Incarceration of Women?
Sexual Victimization in Women's Prisons
Innovative Family Programs
The Juvenile Offender
What is the History of Juvenile Justice?
In re Gault
Timeline Juvenile Corrections in the United States
How does the Juvenile Justice System Function?
What Early Processing is Available in the Juvenile Justice System?
The Programs of Associated Marine Institutes
What Happens When a Juvenile is Sent to Juvenile Correctional Institutions?
Heroes Jerome Miller, President of Alternatives to Institutions
What About the Placement of Juveniles in Adult Prisons?
What Would You Say?
What are the Issues of Juvenile Corrections?
Legal and Political Contexts
The Death Penalty
The Death Penalty is an Affirmation of Life
What are the Roots of Capital Punishment?
Where is the Death Penalty Today?
How Many Innocent Death Row Inmates Will Be Killed?
How have the Courts Ruled on the Death Penalty?
Timeline Significant U.S. Supreme Court Decisions on the Death Penalty
Justice Harry A. Blackmun's Pronouncement on the Death Penalty
What are the Arguments Favoring the Death Penalty?
Walter Berns on the Need for Revenge
What are the Arguments Opposing the Death Penalty?
Heroes Sister Helen Prejean, Spiritual Adviser to Death Row Inmates
Incarceration Trends: Race, Gender, Class
What is the relationship between race and incarceration trends?
Penalties for Crack and Powder Cocaine
The Myth of a Racist Criminal Justice System
What is the relationship between gender and incarceration trends?
Heroes: Coramae Richey Mann, Retired Professor of Criminal Justice
What is the relationship between class and incarceration trends?
Social Injustice in the Justice System
Politics, Law, and Prison Crowding
How serious is the problem of prison crowding?
Surviving in a Crowded Concrete Tomb
How can increases in prison crowding be explained?
The Politicization of Crime
Heroes: Michael Tonry, Director of the Institute of Criminology at Cambridge University
What can be done to reduce prison crowding?
A Comprehensive Strategy for Addressing the Problem of Crowded Prisons in Oklahoma
Prisoners' Rights
What has been the response of the U.S. supreme court to the issue of prisoners' rights?
Heroes: Vincent M. Nathan, Court Monitor of Several State Correctional Systems
What individual rights do prisoners have?
The Right to Write
An Unconstitutional Correctional System
Significant U.S. Supreme Court Decisions on Prisoners' Rights
Why has correctional reform through the courts been difficult?
What has been the impact of the prisoners' rights movement?
Glossary
Name Index
Subject Index
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