Democratic Latin America

ISBN-10: 0205210333

ISBN-13: 9780205210336

Edition: 2012 (Revised)

Authors: Craig Arceneaux

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Drawing on new approaches in comparative politics, Democratic Latin America focuses on analyzing political institutions as a way to assess broader trends in the region's politics, including the rise of democracy.The text looks at the major institutions--executive, legislature, judiciary, military, and more--in 18 democratic countries to not only provide an expansive view of politics in Latin America but to also facilitate cross-national comparison. Democratic Latin America uniquely surveys the what" of the region's politics as well as the "why" and "how" to help students critically consider Latin America's future.
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Book details

List price: $49.99
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Pearson Education, Limited
Publication date: 2/16/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.364
Language: English

Craig Arceneaux is Associate Professor of Political Science at California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo.

An Institutional Approach to Democracy and Democratization in Latin America
Institutions and the Study of Democratic Politics
What Is an Institution?
What Is an Institutional Approach to Politics?
Comparing Countries: Do Authoritarians Follow Institutional Rules? Military Regimes and Institutional Design
Democracy in Latin America
Democratic Transition
Defining Democracy
Country in the Spotlight: The Struggle for Democracy in Guatemala
State and Nation in Colonial Latin America
Pillars of Democracy: State and Nation
Land and People
Human Settlements in the Pre-Colombian Period
The Colonial Impact on Settlement and Demography
The Colonial Period
The Arrival, and Conquest
The Expansion of Spanish Colonialism
Comparing Countries: Conquest in Brazil Contrasted with Spanish America
Colonial Institutions
Religious Institutions in Colonial Latin America
The Long Road to Independence
Country in the Spotlight: Explaining the Exceptionalism of Colonial Legacies in the United States
Constitutions: From States and Nations to Regimes, and Back Again
Constitutional Foundations: The Consolidation of Independent States and the Search for National Identity in Latin America
The Caudillo Period (1820s-1870s)
The Export Economy (1860s-1930s)
The Opening of the U.S. Umbrella (1898)
The Great Depression (1929)
The Populist Era (1930s-l 960s)
Bureaucratic Authoritarianism and the Cold War (1960s-l980s)
From the Washington Consensus to the "Pink Tide"(1980s to present)
Constitutions: The Rules of the Game and More
Constitutional Development in Latin America
Constitutionalism and Democracy
Constitutions and Political Pacts
Constitutions and National Identity
The Politics of Constitutional Change
Types of Constitutional Reform
The Source of Reform: The People or Congress?
Motives for Reform
Institutional Opportunities and Barriers
Comparing Countries: What Distinguishes the Structure and Content of Constitutions in Latin America?
Explaining Constitutional Change in Latin America
Country in the Spotlight: Constitutional Reform in Nicaragua
The Executive Branch: Latin American Style
The Executive Branch in Presidential and Parliamentary Forms of Government
The Parliamentary System
The Presidential System
Origins of Parliamentarism and Presidentialism
Variations in Parliamentary and Presidential Systems
Latin American Presidencies
Constitutional Powers
Partisan Powers
Comparing Countries: An Assessment of Presidentialism
The Administrative Arm of the Executive: Bureaucracy
Efficiency and Bureaucracy
The Pathologies of Bureaucracy
The Size of Bureaucracy
Corruption and Bureaucracy
Bureaucratic Boundaries
Country in the Spotlight: Presidential Politics in Argentina
The Legislative Branch: The Centerpiece of Democracy Under Fire
Parliament and Congress
The Functions of Congress
Past Roadblocks to Representation
More Recent Changes in Representation
Direct Oversight
Indirect Oversight
Comparing Countries: Legislative Strength
Legislative Structure
Terms and Alternates
Country in the Spotlight: The National Congress of Chile: A Barometer of Chilean Democracy
The Judiciary in Latin America: Separate but Unequal
Approaches to Judicial Organization
Common Law and Code Law Traditions
Mixed Judicial Systems in Latin America
The Rule of Law
Defining the Rule of Law
The Judiciary�s Contribution to the Rule of Law
The Judiciary and Other Government Institutions: Power and Independence
The Judiciary and the People: Access and Efficiency
Comparing Countries: Courts Versus Politicians in Guatemala and Colombia
The Judicialization of Politics in Contemporary Latin America
Motives and Opportunities to Judicialize Politics
International Actors and the Judicialization of Politics
The Judicialization of Politics at the Local Level
Country in the Spotlight: The Judicial Branch in Mexico: Seeking Reform
Electoral Systems: The Core of Democratic Politics
The Electoral System
Electoral Formula
Majoritarian Systems
Proportional Representation
Hybrid Systems
District Magnitude
Electoral Thresholds
Ballot Structure
Districting and Apportionment
Institutional Distinction: An Ordinal Ballot in a Majoritarian Election: Chile's Binomial System
The Electoral System and Political Change
Presidential Elections in Latin America
Comparing Countries: Direct Democracy in Latin America
The Management and Observation of Elections
Country in the Spotlight: The Electoral System in Bolivia
From Civil Society to Political Parties: Putting Democracy into Practice
Civil Society and Democracy
Parties as Political Institutions
Parties as Regime Institutions
Comparing Countries: The Rules for Party Funding in Latin America
Parties as Social Institutions
How Parties and Civil Society Must Work Together in Democratic Latin America
From the Party to the Party System
Party System Fragmentation
Party System Institutionalization
Party System Polarization
The Interaction of Fragmentation, Institutionalization, and Polarization
Country in the Spotlight: Venezuela: Changes in Parties, Changes in Politics
Federalism and Unitarism: Learning to Share
Federalism and Unitarism, and the Range of Centralization
The Division of Power in a Federal System
The Balance of Centralization and Decentralization
Comparing Countries: Centralization in Federal Venezuela and Decentralization in Unitary Peru
The Origins of Governmental Relations in Latin America
Federalism and the Protection of Regional Caudillos
Contemporary Moves to Recognize Indigenous Territories
Federal and Unitary Design in Contemporary Latin America
Institutions That Complement Federalism: Bicameralism, Strong Judiciary, Rigid Constitutions
The Contemporary Effort to Decentralize
Variations in Federal Institutions
Dealing with Differences
Offsetting Regional Power Differences
Country in the Spotlight: Federalism In Brazil
The Armed Forces: Bridging the Civil-Military Divide
The Armed Forces in Contemporary Latin America: Global Comparisons
Military Expenditures
Military Spending and Development
Regional Distinctions
The Military Perspective of Latin American History
Comparing Countries: Justice and the "Dirty Wars" in Argentina and Brazil
Civil-Military Relations
Civil-Military Relations Under Democracy
Civilian Supremacy or Political Management?
New Security Norms Under Democracy
Institutional Checks and Balances Under Democracy
The Legislature
The Courts
The Executive
Civil-Military Relations and New Challenges
Country in the Spotlight: The Armed Forces of El Salvador
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