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Non-Designer's Scan and Print Book

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ISBN-10: 0201353946

ISBN-13: 9780201353945

Edition: 1999

Authors: Robin C. Williams, Sandee Cohen

List price: $24.99
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For beginning design students and students of other disciplines, coming to understand the scanning, prepress, and printing process involves a lot of frustrating trial and error. Let Sandee Cohen and Robin Williams explain to students the mysteries of professional document production without any confusing jargon. These tips, techniques, and principles apply to any machine on any platform.
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Book details

List price: $24.99
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Peachpit Press
Publication date: 1/8/1999
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 264
Size: 7.25" wide x 11.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

Start at the End
Know Where You're Going
What are the questions?
When to ask questions
What kind of job is it? What's the size of the paper? How many pieces of paper? Working with signatures
How many folds? How many copies? How many colors? Any graphics? What kind of paper? Color
Other paper considerations
What holds it together?
Office bindings
Professional bindings
Who's printing it?
Is a publication printing your ad? Goal list
Print information
The Basics of Desktop Printing
General printer considerations.
Paper size
Print area
Cost of goods
What about PostScript?
PostScript printers
Non-PostScript printers
Who needs PostScript? Printing PostScript fonts and images to non-PostScript printers
Ink-jet printers
What is an ink-jet printer? Resolution of ink-jet printers
Monochrome ink-jet printers
Color ink-jet printers
Advantages of ink-jet printers
Disadvantages of ink-jet printers
High-end ink-jet printers
Laser printers
What is a laser printer? Resolution of laser printers
Monochrome laser printers
Color laser printers
Multifunction laser printers
Advantages of laser printers
Disadvantages of laser printers
High-end digital printers
Laser printers as imagesetters
How to use a laser printer as an imagesetter
Dye-sub printers
What is a dye-sub printer?
Resolution of dye-sub printers
Advantages of dye-sub printers
Disadvantages of dye-sub printers
Who needs a dye-sub printer? Thermal wax printers
Resolution of thermal wax printers
Advantages of thermal wax printers
Disadvantages of thermal wax printers
Specialty printers
Fax machines
What is a fax machine?
Computer fax machines
Designing your fax letter
The Basics of Commercial Printing
Professional copy shops
Small print shops, or presses
National commercial print shops
To copy or to print?
Printing press
Copy machine
The different printing processes
Steel-die engraving
Offset lithography
Screen printing
Collotype (screenless printing)
Digital color printing
How to find a print shop
What to bring to the appointment
For those on a budget
What is the computer doing?
Different Types of Computer Applications
Choose your software
Word processing applications
Spreadsheet applications
Presentation programs
Image editing programs
Vector drawing programs
Page layout programs
Text features
Graphic features
Fonts typefaces)
Computer Color Modes
Bit depth..Wanna know the math? (if you don't, skip this)
Bit depth and file size
Bitmap mode
Grayscale mode
What to scan as grayscale
RGB mode
Choosing colors in RGB
CMYK mode
Choosing colors in cmyk
Which modes for scanning and working?
Index mode
Guide to color modes
Color mode and depth chart
Raster Images and Resolutions
Important information before you begin
Monitor resolution vs
Printer resolution
Raster (dots) vs
Vector (lines)
Resolution on ink-jet printers
Resolution on other non-laser printers
Understanding pixels
Pixels and bit depth
Pixels and print resolution
Pixels per inch and the monitor display
Print resolution for 1-bit raster images
Laser printer resolution for 1-bit raster images
Imagesetter resolution for 1-bit raster images
Print resolution for grayscale or color images
Understanding linescreen (lpi)
Linescreen specifications
Linescreen and resolution
Are you confused? Breaking the linescreen and resolution rules
How to find the linescreen
Linescreen and resolution chart
Halftone screen
Overriding automatic halftones
Halftone screen patterns
Changing resolution
Stretching pixels
Adding pixels from thin air
Enlarging raster images
Reducing raster images
Maintaining dimensions, but reducing resolution
Can you have too much resolution? Low-resolution placeholders
Why low resolution?
Why 75 ppi?
Vector Images
Types of vector art
Advantages of vector art
Easily modified
Smaller file sizes
Challenges of vector art
Screen preview
Printing to non-PostScript printers
Learning curve
Image limitations
Transparent and opaque shapes in vector art
File Formats
Native file formats
Non-native file formats
Exporting or saving as non-native file formats
Importing and opening non-native file formats
TIFF files
Scanning as tiff
TIFF byte order
LZW compression
EPS files (vector)
EPS files (raster)
EPS Preview options
EPS encoding
Halftone screen
Transfer Function..DCS files
PICT files (Macintosh)
Photoshop PICTs
BMP files (Windows)
WMF files (Windows)
GIF files
PNG files
JPEG files
JPEG compression
PDF files
PostScript files, or print-to-disk
Which format to choose?
The World of Color
Process Color Printing
What are process colors?
Process color chart
Defining process colors
CMYK colors only in a CMYK job!
What are separations?
Channels and plates
What color are separations?
See for yourself!
Color dot screens
Moiré patterns
Avoid moiré patterns
Choosing screen angles
Tints of process colors
Adding up the inks
The color "registration"
Spot Colors and Duotones
What are spot colors?
Saving money
Color matching
Metallic effects
Fluorescent effects
What is "PANTONE"?
Long, long ago
Color matching
Other spot color companies
Using spot color guides
Use a guide, not the screen
Spot color effects
Mixing spot colors using overprinting
Colorizing photos
Spotting spot colors
Spot color screen angles
Duotones in Photoshop
Fake duotones
Let's look at the process
Defining a spot color
Coordinating spot colors
Choosing a final PANTONE color
Specifying the Number of Colors
Number of colors on a printing press
One-color printing
Two-color printing
Three-color printing
Four-color printing
Six-color printing
High-fidelity printing
Paper separations
Scanners and Scanning
Principles of scanners
Scans use RGB
Original images
Scanner resolution
Types of scanners
Hand-held and sheet-fed scanners
Flatbed scanners
Slide scanners
Drum scanners
Preparing to scan
Scanner software
Setting the resolution
Color mode
Scaling during scanning
Contrast and color controls
Scanning printed artwork
Scanning printed line art
Scanning colored line art
Scanning printed grayscale art
Scanning printed color art
Descreening printed art
A legal note about scanning
Digital Cameras and Kodak Photo CD
Types of digital cameras
Linear or static array
Studio digital camera backs
Single lens reflex digital cameras
Consumer digital cameras
Resolution of digital cameras
Studio resolutions
Professional resolutions
Consumer resolutions
File type and compression
A word about FlashPix
Using consumer digital cameras
Kodak Photo CD
How to create a Photo CD
Photo CD resolutions
Stock Photos and Clip Art
History of stock photos and clip art
How to get them
Comp images
Stock photo formats
What type of scan? Stock photo resolutions
What color mode? Index color stock photos
CMYK stock photos
Clipping paths
Clip art
File formats
Complete objects
Nested groups
Legal stuff
License agreement
Model releases
Fonts and Outlines
Font formats
PostScript Type 1 fonts
TrueType fonts
Adobe Type Manager (ATM)
Multiple Masters
Styling fonts
Why styling fonts doesn't always work
So this is the real-life rule
Shadow and Outline styles
Don't color small text
Scaling vector lines
Vector fills as lines
Converting text to paths
This is the bottom line rule
But Getting Your Work Printed
High-Resolution Output
What is a service bureau?
Coordinating between the service bureau and the print shop
Output specifications
How to find a service bureau
What to send the service bureau
Save/collect for output
The disk for the service bureau
Imposing your files
Workflow options
How the job might progress
Two possibilities
Sending Acrobat files (pdf) for output
Sending output for an advertisement
Output Specifications
Filling out the form
Client information
Delivery information
File/disk information
Turnaround information
Font information
Page range (Output All Pages)
Output media
Film specifications
Positive or negative
Emulsion up or down
Printer's marks
Crop marks
Registration marks
Color bars
Resolution (dpi)
Linescreen (lpi)
Color separation plates
Color proofs
Other information
Copyright information
What is it and why do it?
Color knockouts
Trapping the color
Spreads and chokes
What do you do?
Avoid trapping
Keep colors apart
Use common plates
Should you trap?
Proofing Your Job
Monitor proofing
Proofs of text and vector images
Paper separations
Digital color proofs
Overlay proofs
Blueline proofs
Laminate proofs
Press proofs and press checks
Proofing direct-to-plate
Fixing film and plates
And after it's printed?
Preflight Checklist
Document reports
Preflight software
Your preflight checklist
Materials to be sent
Page layout file
Placed or inserted images
Text and fonts
Optional items
To the print shop!
Quizzes and Projects
Desktop Printing
Commercial Printing
Computer Applications
Computer Color Modes
Raster Images and Resolution
File Formats
Process Color Printing
Spot Color Printing
Number of Colors
Scanners and Scanning
Digital Cameras and Photo CD
Stock Photos and Clip Art
Fonts and Outlines
High-Resolution Output
Just the beginning
Agfa publications
CD-ROM Publications
Magazines and newsletters
Web resources