Cultures of the West A History - Since 1350

ISBN-10: 0199969833

ISBN-13: 9780199969838

Edition: N/A

List price: $24.95 Buy it from $0.93
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The Cultures of the West focuses on the ways in which the major ideas and passions of Western culture developed, internally, and how they interacted with the broader world - for good and for ill. Key among these ideas and passions are religion, science, and philosophy, all of whose developmentform the central narrative of this book. The Cultures of the West stands apart from other textbooks in a variety of ways, the first being thematic unity. What did people think and believe, throughout our history, about human nature, the right way to live, God, the best forms of government, or the meaning of human life? Rather thanmaintaining a single interpretive stance, the author relies upon a consistent (or at least a persistent) set of questions: What did people think and feel throughout the centuries about politics, science, religion, and sex? How did they come to their positions regarding the right way to live?Clifford Backman's many years of experience in the classroom have informed his approach: students respond to engaging questions more than they are inspired by facts.The Cultures of the West also differs in its geographic catchment area: since Western Civilization begins in Mesopotamia, there is no reason to exclude the Near East from our history. Islam is, after all, just as much a Western religion as Judaism and Christianity are; it is in fact one of theproducts of Western Civilization. Hence, The Cultures of the West book incorporates the history of Jewish Palestine, the medieval Islamic world, the Ottoman state, and the modern Middle East into the main narrative.
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Book details

List price: $24.95
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 6/12/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 336
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.408
Language: English

How to Read a Primary Source
Renaissances and Reformations
Petrarch, Letters, 1352 and 1366/1367
Erasmus, Letter to a Friend, Julius excluded, and Introduction to the Gospels, first published 1522
Machiavelli, Discourses on Livy, ca.1517?
From Ariosto, Orlando Furioso (Mad Orlando), published 1516
Martin Luther, "Preface to the New Testament," first published 1522
Cellini, My Life, 1558-1563
Vasari, Lives of Artists, first published in 1550, revised and added to until 1568
The Last Crusades
Bartolom� de las Casas, A Short Account, written 1542; published 1552
John Foxe, Foxe's Book of Martyrs, Trial of Anne Askew
From Christopher Marlowe, The Massacre at Paris, ca.1593
Johannes Junius, Letter to His Daughter and Trial Transcript, 1628
Science Breaks Out and Breaks Through
Galileo Galilei, Letter to Don Benedetto Castelli, December 21, 1613
John Donne, Sermon (December 12, 1626); "To His Mistress Going to Bed" (1633)
Thomas Hobbes, "On Natural Law," Leviathan, 1651
Descartes, A Discourse on the Method, 1637
From Westphalia to Paris: Regimes Old and New
Anne of France, Lessons for My Daughter (end 16th century)
Cardinal Richelieu, "The Role of the King," Political Testament, ca.1638, first published 1688
Fran�ois F�nelon, The Adventures of Telemachus, 1699
Moli�re, The Misanthrope, first performed 1666
The Enlightened
John Locke, "Of Tyranny," Two Treatises of Government, 1689
Rousseau, "A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality," 1755
Voltaire, Letter to Rousseau on the Latter's "Discourse on the Origin of Inequality," 1755
Adam Smith, "Of the Principle of the Commercial or Mercantile System," Wealth of Nations, 1776
Cesare Beccaria, "On Torture," Of Crimes and Punishments, 1764
The War against Absolutism
Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, 1790
Robespierre, Report on Principles of Public Morality, February 5, 1794
Napoleon, Letter to his Brother Jerome, November 15, 1807
Jakob Walter, Diary of a Napoleonic Foot Soldier, written 1856, first published 1932
Daniel Defoe, Journal of the Plague Year, 1722
Industrialization and Its Discontents
William Wordsworth, "Tintern Abbey," 1798; "The World Is too Much with Us," 1806
Thomas Carlyle, "Signs of the Times," 1829
Henry Mayhew, London Labour and the London Poor, 1851
The Birth of Modern Politics
Caroline Norton, "On the Infant Custody Bill," 1839; "On Divorce," 1855
Karl Marx, "First Premises of the Materialist Method," The German Ideology, 1846, first published 1932
Lajos Kossuth's Speech of the 11th July, 1848
Isabella Beeton, From Mrs. Beeton's Book of Household Management, 1861
Nationalism and Identity
Rifa'a al-Tahtawi, An Imam in Paris: Account of a Stay in Paris by an Egyptian Cleric, 1826-1831
Charles Trevelyan, The Irish Crisis, 1848
Matthew Arnold, Preamble; "On a Definition of Culture," Culture and Anarchy, 1867
Edward Augustus Freeman, Race and Language, 1879
Flora Annie Steel and Grace Gardiner, Complete Indian Housekeeper and Cook, 1888
Theodor Herzl, The Jewish State, 1895
Rudyard Kipling, "The Barbarian," France at War, 1915
The God Problem
Charles Lyell, From "On Extinct Quadrupeds," Principles of Geology, 1830-1833
Charles Darwin, "On Sociability," The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, 1871
Abraham Geiger, "Moral and Legal Rules," Judaism and Islam, 1833
The Modern Woman
Mary Wollstonecraft, "Dedication to Talleyrand," Vindication of the Rights of Women, 1792
Caroline Norton, English Laws for Women in the Nineteenth Century, 1854
Maria Montessori, Education for a New World, 1946
Winnifred Cooley, "The Bachelor Maiden," The New Womanhood, 1904
The Great Land Grab
Mark Twain, "King Leopold's Soliloquy," 1905
John A. Hobson, "Criticism of Imperialism," Imperialism, 1902
Winston Churchill, "The Battle of Omdurman," The River War, 1899
Presidential Address of Chitta Ranjan Das, Indian National Congress at Gaya, December 1922
From Nihilism to Modernism
Oscar Wilde, "The Soul of Man under Socialism," 1891
Joris-Karl Huysmans, Against Nature (A rebours), 1884
Charles Baudelaire, "The Painter of Modern Life," 1863
Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents, 1929
Wassily Kandinsky, On the Spiritual Element in Art, 1912
The World at War (Part I)
Extracts from the Treaty of Versailles, 1919
Norman Angell, The Great Illusion, 1933
John Maynard Keynes, The Economic Consequences of the Peace, 1919
Robert Graves, Goodbye to All That, 1929
Ernst Junger, Storm of Steel, 1920
Radical Realignments
Henry Ford, The International Jew, 1920
Paul Val�ry, A Crisis of the Mind, 1919
Oswald Spengler (1880-1936), The Decline of the West
Friedrich Hayek, "Economic Control and Totalitarianism," 1944
The World at War (Part II)
Virginia Woolf, Three Guineas, 1938
Aldous Huxley, An Encyclopaedia of Pacifism, 1937
Arthur Koesder, The God That Failed, 1949
Gustave Gilbert, Nuremburg Diary, 1947
The Theater of the Absurd
Enoch Powell, "Rivers of Blood" Speech, 1968
Nikolai Novikov, On Post- War American Policy, 1946
Winston Churchill, "Iron Curtain" Speech, March 5, 1947
Ayatollah Khomeini, Message, 1980
Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, On Nuclear Defense, 1980s
Something to Believe In
Pope John XXIII, Pacem in Terris, 1963
Paul Tillich, Collective Guilt, 1943
Pope Paul VI, Humanae vitae, 1968
Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Sermon of January 21, 1934
Global Warmings
Halid� Edib Adivar, Memoirs, 1926 and 1928
Luce Irigaray, From An Ethics of Sexual Difference, 1993
Francis Fukuyama, "Our Pessimism," 1992
Fatima Mernissi, "The Story of a Female Psychic," 1989
Hearts and Minds Going Forward
Samuel Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations, 1996
'World Economic Forum, Global Gender Gap Report, 2010
George W. Bush, Speech to Congress, September 20, 2001
Richard Rorty, Failed Prophecies, Glorious Hopes, 1998
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