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Human Microbiome Ethical, Legal and Social Concerns

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ISBN-10: 0199829411

ISBN-13: 9780199829415

Edition: 2013

Authors: Rosamond Rhodes, Nada Gligorov, Abraham Paul Schwab

List price: $92.00
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The human microbiome is the bacteria, viruses, and fungi that cover our skin, line our intestines, and flourish in our body cavities. Work on the human microbiome is new, but it is quickly becoming a leading area of biomedical research. What scientists are learning about humans and our microbiomes could change medical practice by introducing new treatment modalities. This new knowledge redefines us as superorganisms comprised of the human body and the collection of microbes that inhabit it and reveals how much we are a part of our environment. The understanding that microbes are not only beneficial but sometimes necessary for survival recasts our interaction with microbes from adversarial…    
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Book details

List price: $92.00
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 8/15/2013
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 288
Size: 9.29" wide x 6.10" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.100
Language: English

Microbiome Working Group Participants
Introduction: Looking Back and Looking Forward
The Project Collaborators
Our Method
The Scope of this Volume
Reading this Book
The Human Microbiome: Science, History, and Research
The Role of Microorganisms in the Environment
The Use of Microorganisms in Industry and Food Production
The History of Microorganisms in Human Health and Disease
The Human Microbiome
Human Microbiome Project and the National Institutes of Health
Research Tools and Methods
Acquisition of the Microbiome
Interactions Between the Microbiome and the Host Genome
Manipulating the Microbiome for Medical Purposes
Personal Identity: Our Microbes, Ourselves
Personal Identity over Time
The Human Microbiome and Numerical Identity
The Human Microbiome and Conceptions of Self
The Impact of Science on Commonsense Conceptions of Self
Policy Recommendations
Property and Research on the Human Microbiome
Four Controversial Cases
Ownership and Property in Philosophy
Ownership and Property in the Social Sciences
Ownership and Property in the Context of Biomedical Research
Current Property Structures and Research on the Human Microbiome
Property Rights and Biological Samples
Policy Recommendations
Privacy, Confidentiality, and New Ways of Knowing More
Philosophical Approaches to Privacy
Legislations to Protect Medical and Research Information
Data Sharing
Policy Recommendations
Research Ethics
The Landscape of Microbiome Research
Historical Development of Research Ethics Regulation and Guidelines
Research Ethics and Human Microbiome Research
Critical Reflections on the U.S. Framework for Human Subject Research
Implications for the Conduct of Human Subject Microbiome Research
Research and Regulation of Probiotics and Phages
Policy Recommendations
Biobanks and the Human Microbiome
What Is a Biobank?
Human Microbiome Biobanks
Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Human Microbiome Biobanks
International Biobanks
Community Consultation: A Reasonable Approach to Participatory Research
Discrimination and Other Issues
Policy Recommendations
Public Health and Research on Populations
Microbes and Public Health
Public Health, Liberty, and Privacy
Public Health Functions
Public Health Agency Powers
Public Health Methods
Research Regulations and Public Health Data Gathering
Quality Assurance, Quality Improvement, and Surveillance
De Minimis Risk: A Proposal for a New Category of Research Risk
Additional Factors in the Ethical Conduct of Population Studies
Prevention and Education
Cautions for Public Health Policymakers
Coda: Further Philosophical Reflections on Public Health and the Microbiome
Policy Recommendations