Arming Mother Nature The Birth of Catastrophic Environmentalism
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Description: Famines. Diseases. Natural catastrophes. In 1945, scientists imagined these as the future faces of war. The United States and its allies prepared for a global struggle against the Soviet Union by using science to extend "total war" ideas to the natural environment. Biological andradiological weapons, crop destruction, massive fires, artificial earthquakes and tsunamis, ocean current manipulation, sea level tinkering, weather control, and even climate change - all these became avenues of research at the height of the Cold War. By the 1960s, a new phrase had emerged:environmental warfare. The same science - in fact, many of the same people - also led the way in understanding the earth's vulnerability during the environmental crisis of the 1970s. The first reports on human-induced climate change came from scientists who had advised NATO about how to protect the western allies fromSoviet attack. Leading ecologists at Oxford also had helped Britain wage a war against crops in Malaya - and the Americans followed suit in Vietnam. The first predictions of environmental doomsday in the early 1970s came from the intellectual pioneers of global conflict resolution, and some haddesigned America's missile defense systems. President Nixon's advisors on environmental quality had learned how to think globally by imagining Mother Nature as an armed combatant. Knowledge of environmental threats followed from military preparations throughout the Cold War, from nuclear winter to the AIDS epidemic. How much of our catastrophic thinking about today's environmental crises do we owe to the plans for World War Three?
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All the information you need in one place! Each Study Brief is a summary of one specific subject; facts, figures, and explanations to help you learn faster.
List price: $29.95
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 6/12/2013
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
|Introduction: Total War and Catastrophic Environmentalism|
|Pathways of Nature|
|The Natural Vulnerability of Civilizations|
|Bacteria, Radiation, and Crop Destruction in War Planning|
|Ecological Invasions and Convulsions|
|Forces of Nature|
|Earth under Surveillance|
|Acts of God and Acts of Man|
|Wildcat Ideas for Environmental Warfare|
|Gatekeepers of Nature|
|The Doomsday Men|
|Vietnam and the Seeds of Destruction|
|The Terroristic Science of Environmental Modification|
|Adjustment or Extinction|
|Conclusion: The Miracle of Survival|