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Constitution of Agency Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

ISBN-10: 0199552746

ISBN-13: 9780199552740

Edition: 2008

Authors: Christine M. Korsgaard

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Christine M. Korsgaard is one of today's leading moral philosophers: this volume collects ten influential papers by her on practical reason and moral psychology. Korsgaard draws on the work of important figures in the history of philosophy such as Plato, Aristotle, Kant, and Hume, showing howtheir ideas can inform the solution of contemporary and traditional philosophical problems, such as the foundations of morality and practical reason, the nature of agency, and the role of the emotions in action.In Part 1, The Principles of Practical Reason , Korsgaard defends the view that the principles of practical reason are constitutive principles of action. By governing our actions in accordance with Kant's categorical imperative and the principle of instrumental reason, she argues, we take control ofour own movements and so render ourselves active, self-determining beings. She criticizes rival attempts to give a normative foundation to the principles of practical reason, challenges the claims of the principle of maximizing one's own interests to be a rational principle, and argues for some deepcontinuities between Plato's account of the connection between justice and agency and Kant's account of the connection between autonomy and agency. In Part II, Moral Virtue and Moral Psychology , Korsgaard takes up the question of the role of our more passive or receptive faculties - our emotions and responses - in constituting our agency. She sketches a reading of the Nicomachean Ethics , based on the idea that our emotions can serve asperceptions of good and evil, and argues that this view of the emotions is at the root of the apparent differences between Aristotle and Kant's accounts of morality. She argues that in fact, Aristotle and Kant share a distinctive view about the locus of moral value and the nature of human choicethat, among other things, gives them account of what it means to act rationally that is superior to other accounts. In Part III, Other Reflections , Korsgaard takes up question how we come to view one another as moral agents in Hume's philosophy. She examines the possible clash between the agency of the state and that of the individual that led to Kant's paradoxical views about revolution. And finally, shediscusses her methodology in an account of what it means to be a constructivist moral philosopher. The essays are united by an introduction in which Korsgaard explains their connections to each other and to her current work.
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Book details

List price: $44.95
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/15/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 360
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.166
Language: English

Part One: The Principles of Practical Reason 1. The Normativity of Instrumental Reason 2. The Myth of Egoism 3. Self-Constitution in the Ethics of Plato and Kant Part Two: Moral Virtue and Moral Psychology 4. Aristotle's Function Argument 5. Aristotle on Function and Virtue 6. From Duty and for the Sake of the Noble: Kant and Aristotle on Morally Good Action 7. Acting for a Reason Part Three: Other Reflections 8. Taking the Law into Our Own Hands: Kant on the Right to Revolution 9. The General Point of View: Love and Moral Approval in Hume's Ethics 10. Realism and Constructivism in 20th Century Moral Philosophy