Illustrator and novelist George du Maurier was born on March 6, 1834 in Paris. He studied art in France and Germany before moving to London where he established himself as an illustrator. He lost vision in his left eye and soon became a staff member of the satirical magazine Punch in 1865. He was drawing two cartoons a week. His most common targets were the manners of Victorian Society. His work also appeared in the Cornhill Magazine and the Illustrated Times. Due to his deteriorating eyesight he reduced his involvement with Punch in 1891 and decided to write three novels. His first was Peter Ibbetson which a modest success. His second was Trilby published in 1894. It fit into gothic horror genre which was popular at the time. His third was The Martian which was largely autobiographical. He died on October 8, 1896 in London.
Dennis Denisoff's fiction and poetry has appeared in such publications as Writing, Fiddlehead, Canadian Fiction Magazine, and West Coast Line. He has published poetry, Tender Agencies,and a novel, Dog Years and was the editor of Queeries: An Anthology of Gay Male Prose, all published by Arsenal Pulp Press. His novel The Winter Gardeners was published by Coach House Books.
In 1977, Showalter published A Literature of Their Own: British Women Novelists from Bronte to Lessing. It was one of the most influential works in feminist criticism, as it sought to establish a distinctive tradition for women writers. In later essays, Showalter helped to develop a clearly articulated feminist theory with two major branches: the special study of works by women and the study of all literature from a feminist perspective. In all of her recent writing, Showalter has sought to illuminate a "cultural model of female writing," distinguishable from male models and theories. Her role as editor bringing together key contemporary feminist criticism has been extremely influential on modern literary study.