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Information Structure The Syntax-Discourse Interface

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ISBN-10: 0199262594

ISBN-13: 9780199262595

Edition: 2006

Authors: Nomi Erteschik-Shir

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This introduction to information structure discusses a wide range of phenomena on the syntax-information structure interface. It examines whether information structure maps onto syntax, and if so how. The topics covered include definitions of topic and focus, architectures of grammar, information structure, word order, the lexicon and information structure interface, and cognitive aspects of information structure. This book will appeal to graduate students of syntax and semantics in departments of linguistics, philosophy, and cognitive science.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/8/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 256
Size: 6.69" wide x 9.65" long x 0.59" tall
Weight: 0.968
Language: English

Architectures and Information Structure Inventory
Inventory: topics
Danish topicalization
Catalan: Links and Tails
Topics and truth values
Stage topics
Permanently available topics
Topic tests
Multiple topics
Topic drop
Scope and topic properties
Inventory: foci
Semantic definitions
Marking foci by stress
Deriving foci from stress
Deriving stress from syntax
Deriving syntax from IS
Deriving focus pragmatically
Summing up focus properties
Putting it all together: f(ocus)-structure
Topic-focus interactions
Contrastive and restrictive topics and foci
Indefinite topics
Some answers
IS architecture
Stylistic components
IS at PF
Functional features
Lexical features
Multiply-dimensional architectures
Functionalism vs. formalism
Functionalist methodology
Configurational languages
The left periphery
An even finer structure of the left periphery
The importance of information structure
Distinguishing topicalization from left dislocation in English
Focus preposing and Yiddish movement in English
When the left-peripheral element does not have information-structural impact
Fronting non-topics
Focusing the subject: existentials
Clefts: syntactic mapping of information structure
Other strategies for marking subjects as non-topics
Left-peripheral prospects
Scrambling in Russian
Syntactic topic and focus features and Russian word order
Scrambling in Japanese
Dutch scrambling
Scrambling in Persian
Scandinavian object shift
Concluding remarks on word order
Information Structure Constraints
Argument identification, a constraint on topicalization
Identification of IS functions
IS constraints on syntax
I(dentificational)- dependencies
Canonical f-structures
The constraint on I-dependencies
That-t effects
Superiority in other languages
Superiority in Hebrew
Superiority in German
Superiority in Danish
IS constraints on complex NP
Extraposition from NP
Extraction from NP
Architectural consequences
Aspectual Focus
The theory of atoms
Aspectual focus
Meaning components and extraction
Manner-of-speaking verbs
Picture NPs
Missing objects
Missing objects in "Activities"
Object omission in habituals
Contextual binding of lexical constituents
The Division of Labor between Syntax and IS
Index of terms
Language Index
Index of authors