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People Apart A Political History of the Jews in Europe, 1789-1939

ISBN-10: 0199246815

ISBN-13: 9780199246816

Edition: 2001

Authors: David Vital

List price: $140.00
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Description:

The twentieth century has seen both the greatest triumph of Jewish history and its greatest tragedy: the birth of the nation of Israel, and the state-sponsored genocide of the Holocaust. A People Apart is the first study to examine the role played by the Jews themselves, across the whole of Europe, during the century and a half leading up to these events.David Vital explores the Jews' troubled relationship with Europe, documenting the struggles of this 'nation without a territory' to establish a place for itself within an increasingly polarized and nationalist continent. He examines the clash within the Jewish community between politically neutral traditionalists and a new group of activists, whose unprecedented demands for national and political self-determination were stimulated both by increasing civil emancipation and the mounting effort todrive the Jews out of Europe altogether. Controversially, Professor Vital concludes that the history of the Jewish people was indeed in crucial respects although certainly not all of their own making; at times by their own autonomous action and choice; at others by inaction and default.This powerful and stimulating new analysis represents a watershed in our understanding of the history of the Jews in Europe, and therefore in the whole history of the continent.
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Book details

List price: $140.00
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/18/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 962
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.35" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

Cass R. Sunstein is Robert Walmsley University Professor and Felix Frankfurter Professor of Law at Harvard University.

List of Maps
List of Tables
A note on Transliteration and Translation
Abbreviations
Introduction: The Old Dispensation
The old regime
Two levels of authority, two yokes to bear
Social control: the modalities
The gevir
Self-help and self-governance
Consensus and conformism
Integration and Fragmentation
Proposals
Under the Enlightenment--'useful' Jews and 'useless' Jews
In England--incrementalism
In France--principles
In the Germanies--impenetrable hostility and legal rigour
In Poland--deadlock
In Russia--despotism for all ...
... but the Jews as an encumbrance to be dealt with
Disjunctions
Emancipation: the early responses
The fears of the orthodox
The enthusiasm of the modernists
The cultural inroads
The haskalah as a halfway house
Modern education--the Russian carrot
Military conscription--the Russian lash
The irreversibility of fragmentation
Questions From Without And Within
The Jewish Question posed
The Question formulated
The Jews re-characterized
The Jews re-demonized
Calls for treatment
The Decembrists (along with other Russians) try their hand
Internal politics: the beginnings
Triumph at Damascus ...
... and its limitations
Jews in general politics and in society at large: the German model
Aspirations and Equivocations
Movement
Pogroms
Poverty
Migration
Decline
West versus East
Eastern European Jewry as the question
Auto-Emancipation?
Leaderlessness as a condition
National self-determination as an idea; Zion as a destination
Jews as revolutionaries
The Bund
Herzl
Crystallization
Intercession institutionalized
1878--triumph in Berlin, failure in Bucharest
The limits of intercession
Kishinev as a paradigm
Impotence, shame, and fury
Violence and counter-violence
The blood-libel and the rule of law
Bernard Lazare and the Affair
Russia in 1905--Jews as targets, Jews as participants
The Zionists stand still
The orthodox circle their wagons
New Dispensations
War
The Jewish contingents
The Jewish increment
The 'Palestine Idea'
A neutral Zionism, belligerent Zionists
The 'Palestine Idea' revived
Self-determination
Peace
Bolshevik Russia and the binding of its Jews
The great slaughter
Who speaks for the Jews?
At the Peace Conference
Captivity
Wilson's world
The nation-state as grindstone
Ancient frictions in the new Poland
Polish equivocation; Jewish ambivalence
Germany takes the lead
Machtergreifung
Towards extrusion
The Jews of Germany crushed
A community destroyed
Denouement
On the eve
Once again: who will lead them, where will they be led?
A World Jewish Congress
Loyalties and principles
The purposes of Zionism, the needs of the Jews
Pragmatism and honour
The final rejection
Into the night
Epilogue
Bibliography
Glossary
Index