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Aristotle on Teleology

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ISBN-10: 0199238502

ISBN-13: 9780199238507

Edition: 2008

Authors: Monte Ransome Johnson

List price: $65.00
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Monte Johnson examines the most controversial aspects of Aristiotle's natural philosophy: his teleology. Is teleology about causation or explanation? Does it exclude or obviate mechanism, determinism, or materialism? Is it focused on the good of individual organisms, or is god or man the ultimate end of all processes and entities? Is teleology restricted to living things, or does it apply to the cosmos as a whole? Does it identify objectively existent causes in the world, or is it merely a heuristic for our understanding of other causal processes? Johnson argues that Aristotle's aporetic approach drives a middle course between these traditional oppositions, and avoids the dilemma,…    
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Book details

List price: $65.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/20/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 6.14" wide x 9.21" long x 0.79" tall
Weight: 1.166
Language: English

List of Tables
Teleology as a Critical Explanatory Framework
Historical Background to the Interpretation of Aristotle's Teleology
Greek, Arabic, and Latin commentary
Scholasticism and the scientific revolution
Natural theology and the critique of teleology
Theophrastus and teleological aporiai
Preliminary Study of Aristotle's Causes
Responsibility, blame, and cause
The four kinds of causes
Knowledge, demonstration, and causal explanation
Demonstration through 'the cause for the sake of which'
Temporal priority
Integrating causal explanations
Explanatory and non-explanatory causes
Teleological Notions
The cause for the sake of which
Nothing in vain
End, limit, and the complete
Function, activity, and the thing in a state of completion
Axiological terminology: the good, fine, etc.
Teleological Dialectic
Luck (Empedocles)
Necessity and Spontaneity (Democritus)
Intelligence (Anaxagoras and Diogenes of Apollonia)
God (Xenophon, Socrates)
Form (Plato)
Teleological Explanations in Natural Science
Teleology and Elements
Natural change and motion
Celestial elemental locomotion
Terrestrial elemental locomotion
Elemental transmutation
Teleology and Organisms i: General Principles
Reasoning from phenomenal effects to explanatory causes
Genetic order and explanatory order
Survival and reproduction as the basis of explanation in the life sciences
The insufficiency of necessity alone to account for living natures
Mechanism, reduction, and heuristic
Teleology and Organisms ii: Specific Explanations
Normal Cases
Abnormal cases
Animal behavior
Teleology and Humans
Deliberation, intention, art, and science
Ultimate ends of humans
Different ends of humans and other organisms
The use of other living things as instruments
Social organisms and organizations
Teleology and the Cosmos
The primary cause of natural motion
The most general teleological explanation of motion
No 'teleological' proof for the existence of god in Aristotle
Locomotion as the paradigm of change for the sake of something
A final aporia: how does the good exist in the universe?
Index of Texts and Commentaries
Index of Names
Index of Subjects