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Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

ISBN-10: 0199219931

ISBN-13: 9780199219933

Edition: 2009

Authors: David C. Culver, Tanja Pipan

List price: $65.00
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Book details

List price: $65.00
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/30/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 256
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

David C. Culver received his Ph.D. in 1970 in Biology from Yale University. He is currently Professor of Biology and Associate Dean for Science at American University in Washington, DC, with broad research interests in subterranean biology, especially biodiversity, biogeography, and ecosystem function. Culver is Treasurer of the Karst Waters Institute, a member of the Virginia Cave Board, and an Honorary Life Member of the National Speleological Society. Tanja Pipan received her Ph.D. in 2003 in Biology from University of Ljubljana. She is currently Research Fellow at the Karst Research Institute ZRC-SAZU with research interests in the ecology, biology, and systematics of the subterranean copepod fauna, especially in the epikarst. Pipan is country coordinator for the Slovenian Long Term Ecological Research program, and Assistant Professor of Karstology at University of Koper. She received the 2004 award from the International Society for Subterranean Biology for best presentation at the meeting in Raipur, India and an award in 2005 for best paper at the International Association of Hydrogeology meeting in Kotar, Montenegro.

Site Maps and Gazetteer
The subterranean domain
Introduction
Caves
Interstitial habitats
Superficial subterranean habitats
Summary
Sources of energy in subterranean environments
Introduction
Sources of energy
Summary
Survey of subterranean life
Introduction
Temporary subterranean visitors and residents
Residents of cave entrances
Ecological and evolutionary classifications
Taxonomic review of obligate subterranean species
Subterranean organisms in the laboratory
Collecting stygobionts and troglobionts
Summary
Ecosystem function
Introduction
Scale and extent of subterranean ecosystems
Stream reaches
Caves
Karst basins
Summary
Biotic interactions and community structure
Introduction
Species interactions-generalities
Predator-prey interactions-beetles and cricket eggs in North American caves
Competition and other interactions in Appalachian cave streams
Competition as a result of eutrophication
Community analysis-generalities
Epikarst communities
Interstitial groundwater aquifer
Overall subterranean community structure in the Jura Mountains
Summary
Adaptations to subterranean life
Introduction
History of concepts of adaptation in subterranean environments
Adaptation in amblyopsid cave fish
Adaptation in the amphipod Gammarus minus
Adaptation of the cave fish Astyanax mexicanus
How long does adaptation to subterranean life take?
Summary
Colonization and speciation in subterranean environments
Introduction
Colonization of subterranean environments
What determines success or failure of colonizations?
Allopatric and parapatric speciation
Vicariance and dispersal
Evolutionary and distributional history of A. aquaticus
Summary
Geography of subterranean biodiversity
Introduction
The struggle to measure subterranean biodiversity
Caves as islands
Global and regional species richness
Summary
Some representative subterranean communities
Introduction
Superficial subterranean habitats
Interstitial habitats
Cave habitats
Summary
Conservation and protection of subterranean habitats
Introduction
Rarity
Other biological risk factors
Threats to the subterranean fauna
Site selection
Protection strategies
Preserve design
Summary
Glossary
References
Index