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From IVF to Immortality Controversy in the Era of Reproductive Technology

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ISBN-10: 0199219796

ISBN-13: 9780199219797

Edition: 2008

Authors: Ruth Deech, Anna Smajdor

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This is a book for anyone who has ever paused to wonder whether cloning will ever be legal. Why it is that "savior siblings" and sex selection provoke such strong reactions? Will there ever be such a thing as an artificial womb? Assisted reproductive technologies are unique in their capacity to challenge our assumptions and elicit passionate responses. Looking at the moral, philosophical, and legal issues surrounding cases of surrogacy, single or same-sex parenthood, retrieval of sperm from dead or dying patients, and the impregnation of post-menopausal women, this book questions whether these rapidly-developing technologies are refashioning the nature of the family. The US and UK have…    
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Book details

Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/6/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 248
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.836
Language: English

List of Illustrations
The legal framework of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act
Resources, to fight and to enforce
The power of the media
The ongoing need for regulation
Reproductive Technologies and the Birth of the HFEA
Natural reproduction: what is 'supposed' to happen, and why does it go wrong?
The process
When problems arise
Artificial insemination (AI)
In vitro fertilization (IVF)
Surplus embryos
Risks of IVF
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and preimplantation genetic screening (PGS)
Out of the freezer...
Therapeutic cloning and stem cell research
Ethics, Embryos, and Infertility
Relief of infertility as a worthy goal
Ethics, law, and regulation
Respect for autonomy
Autonomy and safety
Autonomy and the public good
Autonomy and consent
Autonomy and privacy
Parental autonomy and harm to children
Health risks to children
Family setup and the welfare of the child
The non-identity problem
Saviour Siblings, Designer Babies, and Sex Selection
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
Positive selection
Screening for carriers
Sex selection
Saviour siblings
Fertility is a Feminist Issue
Equal interests in reproduction?
Egg freezing
The older mother
Risks associated with fertility treatment
Women's autonomy and fertility treatment
Future developments
Artificial gametes
Artificial wombs
Private Lives and Public Policy-The Story of Diane Blood
Does it matter what happens when we are irretrievably unconscious or dead?
Informed consent
Is there a doctrine of 'best interests'?
Clinical and other interests
The spouse's testimony
Some further implications
Moral responsibility and the media
Human Rights and Reproduction
Prisoners and the right to reproduce
The rights in question
The extreme view: the right to reproductive choice
The right to privacy and family life: does it entail a right to reproduce?
Positive and negative rights
Rights and duties
The right to marry
Rights and regulation
The individual and society
A perverse incentive?
The downside of rights and European law
Rights and the precautionary principle
Homogeneity and national integrity
Deconstructing The Family
Donated gametes
Different views on anonymity
Babies with two mothers?
Single parents: no need for a father...or a mother?
The role of empirical data
Same sex parents
Changing values
Embryonic Stem Cells and Therapeutic Cloning
What are embryonic stem cells?
Foetal stem cells
Adult stem cells
Ethical concerns
Loss of potential
'Personhood' and special attributes
Social harms
Obtaining eggs
Do the benefits outweigh the harm?
Global concerns
Broadening the scope
Legal challenges
Other ways of obtaining stem cells
Single cell biopsy
Dead embryos
The role of the HFEA
National differences in legislation/regulation
How do the various approaches compare?