Democracy in Latin America Political Change in Comparative Perspective

ISBN-10: 0195387732

ISBN-13: 9780195387735

Edition: 2nd 2011

Authors: Peter H. Smith

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Book details

List price: $44.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/8/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 400
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.320
Language: English

Peter H. Smith is Associate Professor of Music Theory at the University of Notre Dame.

Tables, Figures, and Maps
Introduction: Dimensions of Democracy
A Tale of Two Presidents
Definitions of Democracy
Overview: Focus and Themes
Interpretive Arguments
Analytical Perspectives
Historical Perspectives, 1900-2000
Cycles of Electoral Democracy
Legacies of Independence
Cycles and Trends
Global and Comparative Perspectives
Democratic Dominoes?
Subregional Variations and the Colossus of the North
Lessons over Time: Prior Experience
Democracy and Instability
Transitions and Continuities
Starting Points
Economic Requisites?
Social Forces
Cycle 1:1900-1939
Cycle 2:1940-1977
Cycle 3:1978-2000
End Games and Elite Bargains
The Bargaining Process
Getting to Cases
Patterns of Change in Perspective
The Military: Heading for the Exits?
Forging Fatherlands
Patterns of Participation
Missions and Regimes
Wars Against Subversion
Democrats' Dilemma: To Amnesty or Not?
Precedents from Argentina
Chilean Twists
Modes of Interaction: The Armed Forces and Democracy
Has the Military Left?
Global Contexts, International Forces
Imperialism and Democracy
The Anticommunist Crusades
Stemming the Tides of Revolution
Displacing Inconvenient Democracies
Economic Issues: Debt and Structural Reform
The Political Economy of Globalization
Drugs, Dictators, and U.S. Policy
International Organizations
The Electoral Arena
Presidents or Parliaments?
The Terms of Debate
Envisioning Alternatives
Proparliamentary Arguments
Attempts at Reform
Brazil: Voice of the Voters
Argentina: Calculating Political Odds
Chile: A Pact for Presidentialism
Why Not?
Institutional Variations
Executive Power
Means of Election
To Reelect or Not?
Sources of Power
The Legislative Branch
Electoral Systems and Rules of Representation
Reelection and Term Limits
Institutional Performance
Toppling Presidents?
Parties and Party Systems
Taking the Measure of Parties
Gauging Public Distrust
Elections: Voters, Winners, and Losers
Expanding the Electorate
The Range of Choice
Impacts of Bureaucratic-Authoritarianism
Legacies of Military Populism
A Resurgence of the Left
Digression: Schisms on the Left
Dilemmas of Democracy: Representation vs. Governance
Qualities of Democracy
State Capacity and Policy Performance
The Latin American State: Roles and Capacities
Democracy vs. Dictatorship: General Hypotheses
The Politics of Economic Growth
Social Impacts: Health and Education
The Problem of Poverty
Inequality and Income Distribution
The Politics of Social Equity
Losing Ground: The Working Class
Signs of Hard Times
Zero-Sum Politics
Women: Moving Up
Patterns of Participation
Political Representation
Positions and Policies
Gathering Strength: Indigenous Peoples
Bolivia: Party Politics
Ecuador: Strength in Social Movements
Guatemala: Civil War and Genocide
Freedoms, Rights, and Illiberal Democracy
Gradations of Democracy
Freedom of the Press
Anidefamation Laws and Policies
Analytical Overview
The Uneven Rule of Law
The Roles of Courts
The Changing Content of Electoral Democracy
Pathways to Full Democracy
The People's Verdict
The Concept of Political Culture
Democracy in Principle
The Relevance of Social Class
Democracy in Practice
Case Study: Insights from Argentina
Political Ideology
Trust in Institutions
Roots of Disenchantment
Activism and Protest
Democracy Considered
The Dialectic of Democracy
Findings in Review
Changing Shapes of Democracy
Democracy in the Era of Mass Politics
1940-1977: Dangers of Democracy
1978-Present: Democracy Made Safe
1998-Present: Democracy Turns Left
Epilogue: The Future of Democracy
The International Environment
Economic Dimensions
The Crash of 2007-2009
Transnational Crime
Political Developments
Democratic Tendencies
The Question of Consolidation
Deepening Democracy?
Survival, Institutionalization, and Legitimation
Alternative Scenarios
Standing Fast
Moving Ahead
Classification of Electoral Regimes, 1900-2000
Military Coups in Latin America, 1900-2000
Suggested Readings
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