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Central Nervous System

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ISBN-10: 0195381157

ISBN-13: 9780195381153

Edition: 4th 2010

Authors: Per Brodal

List price: $115.00
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The Central Nervous System: Structure and Function, Fourth Edition continues the tradition of one of the most respected textbooks in clinical neuroscience by providing medical students the knowledge and understanding of neuroscience as a basis for clinical thinking. While remaining concise and easy to read, the text encourages reflection and critical thinking of established facts and scientific conjecture and will be of interest to medical, graduate, and undergraduate students alike. Prof Per Brodal provides clear descriptions of brain structures and relates them to their functional properties by incorporating data from molecular biology to clinical neurology. The numerous full color line…    
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Book details

List price: $115.00
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/29/2010
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 640
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 4.884
Language: English

xi Introduction
A Bird's Eye View of the Nervous System
Studying the Structures and Function of the Nervous System
Animal Experiments Crucial for Progress
Ethics and Animal Experiments
Sources of Error in All Methods
Revising Scientific Truths from Time to Time
Main Features Of Structure And Function
Structure of the Neuron and Organization of Nervous Tissue
An Overview
Neurons and Their Processes
Coupling of Neurons: Pathways for Signals
The Cytoskeleton and Axonal Transport
An Overview
Kinds of Glial Cell
Glial Cells and Homeostasis
Insulation and Protection of Axons
Microglia and Reactions of the CNS to Injury
Neuronal Excitability
An Overview
Basis of Excitability
The Action Potential
Impulse Propagation
How Nerve Cells Can Vary Their Messages
Synaptic Function
An Overview
Neurotransmitter Handling at the Synapse
Synaptic Potentials and Kinds of Synapse
Synaptic Plasticity
Neurotransmitters and Their Receptors
An Overview
General Aspects
Specific Neurotransmitters
Actions of Drugs in the Nervous System
Parts of the Nervous System
An Overview
The Spinal Cord
The Brain Stem
The Cerebrum
The Cerebellum
The Coverings of the Brain and the Ventricular System
An Overview
The Meninges
The Cerebral Ventricles in the Cerebrospinal Fluid
The Blood Supply of the Central Nervous System
An Overview
Cerebral Microregulation
Arterial System
Venous System
Development, Aging, And Plasticity
Prenatal and Postnatal Development
An Overview
Prenatal Development
Mechanisms for Establishment of Specific Connections
The Role Played by the Environment in Development of the Nervous System
The Nervous System and Aging
An Overview
Age-related Changes in the Normal Brain and Their Consequences
Neurodegenerative Diseases and Dementia
Restitution of Function after Brain Damage
An Overview
Brain Injuries and Possible Reparative Processes
Brain Processes Underlying Recovery of Function
Restitution after Damage in Early Childhood
Sensory Systems
Sensory Receptors in General
An Overview
Sensory Units and Their Receptive Fields
Transduction: The Translation of Stimuli to Action Potentials
Properties and Classification of Receptors
Receptors and Subjective Sensory Experience
Peripheral Parts of the Somatosensory System
An Overview
Exteroceptors: Cutaneous Sensation
Proprioceptors: Deep Sensation
The Sensory Fibers and the Dorsal Roots
Central Parts of the Somatosensory System
An Overview
Central Somatosensory Pathways
The Somatosensory Cortical Regions
An Overview
Some Distinctive Features of Pain
When the Pain System gets Out of Control
Central Control of Transmission from Nociceptors and Pain Sensation
Placebo and Nocebo
Modern Views on Pain and Pain Treatment
The Visual System
An Overview
The Eyeball and the Refracting Media
The Retina
Organization of the Visual Pathways
The Visual Cortex and the Final Processing of Visual Information
The Auditory System
An Overview
The Cochlea
The Auditory Pathways
The Auditory Cortex
The Sense of Equilibrium
An Overview
Structure and Function of the Vestibular Apparatus
Connections of the Vestibular Nuclei
Vestibular Reflexes: Control of Eye Movements and Bodily Posture
Cortical Processing of Vestibular Signals
Olfaction and Taste
An Overview
The Olfactory System
Gustatory System (The Sense of Taste)
Motor Systems and Movements in General
An Overview
Motor and Other Systems are Mutually Dependent
Classification of Movements
The Peripheral Motor Neurons and Reflexes
An Overview
Motoneurons and Muscles
Muscle Tone
Injury of Peripheral Motor Neurons and Regeneration
The Motor Cortical Areas and Descending Pathways
An Overview
The Pyramidal Tract (The Corticospinal Tract)
Indirect Corticospinal Pathways
Control of Automatic Movements
Motor Cortical Areas and Control of Voluntary Movements
Symptoms Caused by Interruption of Central Motor Pathways (Upper Motor Neurons)
The Basal Ganglia
An Overview
Structure and Connections of the Basal Ganglia
The Ventral Striatum
Functions of the Basal Ganglia
Diseases of the Basal Ganglia
The Cerebellum
An Overview
Subdivisions and Afferent Connections of the Cerebellum
The Cerebellar Cortex and the Mossy and Climbing Fibers
Efferent Connections of the Cerebellum
Cerebellar Functions and Symptoms of the Disease
Control of Eye Movements
An Overview
Movements of the Eyes and the Eye Muscles
Brain Stem and Cerebellar Control of Eye Movements
Cortical Control of Eye Movements
The Brain Stem And The Cranial Nerves
The Reticular Formation: Premotor Networks, Consciousness, and Sleep
An Overview
Structure and Connections of the Reticular Formation
Function of the Reticular Formation
The Cranial Nerves
An Overview
General Organization of the Cranial Nerves
The Hypoglossal Nerve
The Accessory Nerve
The Vagus Nerve
The Glossopharyngeal Nerve
The Vestibulocochlear Nerve
The Facial and Intermediate Nerves
The Trigeminal Nerve
The Abducens, Trochlear and Oculomotor Nerves
Visceral Efferent Neurons: The Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Divisions
An Overview
General Organization
Peripheral Parts of the Sympathetic System
Peripheral Parts of the Parasympathetic System
The Enteric Nervous System
Functional Aspects of the Autonomic Nervous System
Neurotransmitters in the Autonomic Nervous System
Sensory Visceral Neurons and Visceral Reflexes
An Overview
Visceral Receptors and Afferent Pathways
Visceral Reflexes
Visceral Pain
The Central Autonomic System: The Hypothalamus
An Overview
Centers in the Brain Stem for Coordination of Behavior
Structure and Connections of the Hypothalamus
The Hypothalamus and the Endocrine System
Functional Aspects
The Hypothalamus and the Immune System
The Hypothalamus and Mental Functions
The Amygdala, the Basal Forebrain, and Emotions
An Overview
What is the ""Limbic System?""
The Amygdala
Some Aspects of Cortical Control of Autonomic Functions and Emotions
Neuronal Groups in the Basal Parts of the Hemispheres: The Basal Forebrain
The Hippocampal Formation: Learning and Memory
An Overview
The Hippocampal Formation
Functional Aspects
The Cerebral Cortex: Intrinsic Organization and Connections
An Overview
Structure of the Cerebral Cortex
Connections of the Cerebral Cortex
Functions of the Neocortex
An Overview
Association Areas
Language Functions and ""Speech Areas"" of the Cerebral Cortex
The Division of Tasks between the Hemispheres
Sex Differences and the Cerebral Cortex