Foundations of Human Memory

ISBN-10: 0195333241

ISBN-13: 9780195333244

Edition: 2012

Authors: Michael Jacob Kahana

List price: $115.95
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Foundations of Human Memoryprovides an introduction to the scientific study of human memory with an emphasis on both the major theories of memory and the laboratory studies that have been used to test those theories and inspire their further development. Written with the undergraduate student in mind, the text assumes no specific background in the subject, but a general familiarity with scientific method and quantitative approaches to the treatment of data. Foundations of human memory is organized around the major empirical paradigms used to study memory in the laboratory and the theories used to explain data obtained using those paradigms. The text begins with a focus on memory for individual items, building up to memory for associations between items, and finally to memory for entire sequences of items and the problem of memory search. Several major theories of memory are considered in detail, including strength theory, summed-similarity theory, neural network based theories, retrieved-context theory, and theories based on the division of memory into separate short-term and long-term storage systems. The text emphasizes basic research over applied problems, but brings in real-world examples and neuroscientific evidence as appropriate.
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Book details

List price: $115.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/26/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 400
Size: 5.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

Michael Jacob Kahana, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. Kahana's research focuses on basic mechanisms of human memory through use of direct brain recordings and computational modeling of behavioral data. Kahana has published more than 100 peer-reviewed journal articles on the psychology and neuroscience of human memory. He was the 2010 recipient of the Troland Research Award from the U. S. National Academy of Sciences.

Historical Background
Association, Context, and Episodic Memory
Methods Used in Studying Memory
The Laws of Repetition and Recency
Organization of the Book
Item Recognition
Strength Theory
Multiple Sources of Strength?
Major Findings Concerning Item Recognition
Sternberg's Procedure
Summary and Current Directions
Attribute Models
A Multitrace Distributed Memory Model
Similarity Effects
The Diffusion Model of Response Time
Context Revisited
Summary and Current Directions
*List-strength Effect
*A Unitrace Attribute Model
Associations and Cued Recall
Major Associative Tasks
Encoding and Repetition
Recency and List Length
Retrieval Errors
Retroactive Interference and Recovery
Proactive Interference
Context and Interference Theory
Similarity and Interference
Unlearning as Inhibition
Interference Theory: Concluding Remarks
Item and Associative Information
Summary and Current Directions
Models of Association
The Attribute-similarity Framework
Neural-network Models
Summary and Current Directions
*More on Linear Associators
*Project: Cued Recall in a Hopfield Network
Free Recall and Memory Search
Serial-position Effects
Retrieval Dynamics
Semantic Clustering
Repetition Effects
Summary and Current Directions
Models of Free Recall
Dual-store Memory Search Models
Testing Dual-store Models
Problems for Dual-store Models
Single-store Retrieved-context Models
Testing Retrieved Context Theory
Summary and Current Directions
Sequence Memory
Serial Recall and Memory Span
Serial-position Effects
Modality and Suffix Effects: Evidence for a phonological STS?
Recall Errors
Associative Asymmetry
Grouping Effects
Summary and Current Directions
Theories of Sequence Memory
Associative Chaining
Positional Coding
Eight Critical Findings
Chaining vs. Positional Coding
Hierarchical Associative Theory
Summary and Current Directions
Author Index
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