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Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging Linking Cognitive and Cerebral Aging

ISBN-10: 0195156749

ISBN-13: 9780195156744

Edition: 2005

Authors: Roberto Cabeza, Lars Nyberg, Denise Park

List price: $88.00
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Description:

Until very recently, what we knew about the neural basis of cognitive aging was based on two disciplines that had very little contact with each other. Whereas the neuroscience of aging investigated the effects of aging on the brain independently of age-related changes in cognition, the cognitive psychology of aging investigated the effects of aging on cognition independently of age related changes in the brain. Because an increasing number of studies have focused on the relationships between cognitive aging and cerebral aging, these two disciplines have begun to interact. This rapidly growing body of research has come to constitute a new discipline: cognitive neuroscience of aging. The goal of this book is to introduce this new discipline at a level that is useful to both professionals and students in cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, neuropsychology, neurology, and related areas. The book is divided into four main sections. The first section describes noninvasive measures of cerebral aging, including structural (e.g., volumetric MRI), chemical, (e.g., dopamine PET), electrophysiological (e.g., ERP's), and hemodynamic measures (e.g. fMRI), and discusses how they can be linked to behavioral measures of cognitive aging. The second section reviews evidence for the effects of aging on neural activity during different cognitive functions, including perception and attention, use of imagery, working memory, long-term memory, and prospective memory. The third section focuses on clinical and applied concerns, such as the distinction between health aging and aging with Alzheimer's disease, and the use of cognitive training to ameliorate age-related cognitive decline. The final section describes theories that relate cognitive and cerebral aging, including models accounting for functional neuroimaging evidence and models supported by computer simulations. Taken together, the chapters in this volume provide the first unified and comprehensive overview of the new discipline of cognitive neuroscience of aging.
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Book details

List price: $88.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/18/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 408
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.584
Language: English

Roberto Cabeza is Associate Professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Core Faculty Member for the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, and Senior Fellow at the Center for Aging and Human Development at Duke University.

Introduction
Cognitive neuroscience of aging: Emergence of a new discipline
Imaging Measures
The aging brain observed in vivo: Differential changes and their modifiers
The role of dopamine receptors in cognitive aging
Electrophysiological and optical measures of cognitive aging
A critical evaluation of BOLD functional MRI in the study of cognitive aging
The relationship between brain activity, cognitive performance and aging: The case of memory
Basic Congitive Processes
Age-related changes in neural activity during visual perception and attention
The cognitive neuroscience of aging and working memory
Long-term memory and aging: A cognitive neuroscience perspective
The neural basis of age-related declines in prospective memory
Clinical and Applied Issues
Three principles for congitive aging research: Multiple causes sequelae, variance in expression and response, and the need for integrative theory
Functional connectivity during memory tasks in healthy aging and dementia
Cognitive training in health aging: A cognitive neuroscience perspective
Models in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging
Age-related changes in hemospheric organization
Neurocomputational perspectives linking neuromodulation, processing noise, representational distinctiveness, and cognitive aging