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Neurology of Cognitive and Behavioral Disorders

ISBN-10: 0195137647

ISBN-13: 9780195137644

Edition: 2003

Authors: Orrin Devinsky, Mark D'Esposito, Mark D'Esposito, Mark D'Esposito

List price: $140.00
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Description:

This reference text provides an insightful and unified synthesis of cognitive neuroscience and behavioral neurology. The strong clinical emphasis and outstanding illustrations will provide neurologists, psychiatrists, neuropsychologists, and psychologists with a solid foundation to the major neurobehavioral syndromes. With backgrounds in behavioural neurology, functional imaging and cognitive neuroscience, the two authors are in an ideal position to cover the anatomy, genetics, physiology, and cognitive neuroscience underlying these disorders. Their emphasis on therapy makes the book a "must read" for anyone who cares for patients with cognitive and behavioural disorders.
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Book details

List price: $140.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/16/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 472
Size: 7.50" wide x 11.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.574
Language: English

Mark D'Esposito, M.D., is Professor of Neuroscience and Psychology and Director of the Henry H. Wheeler, Jr., Brain Imaging Center at the University of California, Berkeley.

Neuroanatomy and Assessment of Cognitive-Behavioral Function
Overview of Brain Anatomy
Macroscopic Anatomy
Cortical Connections
Mental Status Examination
Localization of Cognitive-Behavioral Function
Always Test Mental Status
Cognitive-Behavioral Observation
Testing Cognitive-Behavioral Abilities
Neuropsychological Testing
Underperformance, Exaggeration, and Malingering
Intelligence
Academic Achievement
Attention
Memory and Learning
Language
Visuospatial Function
Executive Function
Sensory and Motor Function
Personality, Mood, and Other Psychiatric Traits
Neurological Disorders
Quality of Life and Quality of Care
Summary
The Mental Status Examination
A Brief but Sensitive Mental Status Examination
Functional Neuroimaging of Cognition
Inference in Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Cognitive Processes
Principles of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issues in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Experimental Design
Blocked Designs
Event-Related Designs
Statistical Issues in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Statistical Errors
Types of Hypothesis Tested by Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Clinical Applications of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Methodological Limitations
Presurgical Planning and Prognosis
Diagnosis of Neurological Disorders
Summary
The Right Hemisphere, Interhemispheric Communication, and Consciousness
The Right Hemisphere
Right Hemisphere Dominance of the Corporeal Self
Perception
Constructional Praxis
Nonlinguistic Visuospatial Functions
Relation of the Self to the Environment
Body Schema and Disorders of the Corporeal Self
Right Hemisphere Dominance of the Psychic Self
Primary and Secondary Emotions
Emotional Perception
Emotional Expression
Emotional Cognition and Memory
Emotional Experience of Self
Volition
Disorders of the Social Self
Delusional Disorders
Conversion Disorder
The Cerebral Commissures
Callosotomy and Functional Impairment
Callosotomy and Consciousness
Consciousness
The Modular Mind
Fundamental Features of Consciousness
Cognitive Aspects of Consciousness
Summary
Attention and Attentional Disorders
Functional Attentional Networks
Arousal and Alerting Network
Orienting Network
Selective Attentional Network
Recovery
Prognosis of Neglect
Therapeutic Remediation of Neglect
Summary
Perception and Perceptual Disorders
Perceptual Awareness
Visual Perception
Anatomy and Function of Cortical Visual Areas
Cortical Visual Disorders and Defects
Auditory Perception
Anatomy and Function of Cortical Auditory Areas
Cortical Auditory Disorders
Tactile Perception
Anatomy and Function of Cortical Somesthetic Areas
Cortical Somatosensory Disorders
Summary
Language, Aphasia, and Other Speech Disorders
Anatomical and Physiological Aspects of Language
Cognitive-Linguistic Concepts
Linguistic Components
Hemispheric Hand and Language Dominance
Handedness
Anomalous Dominance
Lateralization of Linguistic Skills
Aphasia
Diagnosis of Aphasia
Localization and Clinical Patterns of Aphasia
Other Aphasias and Language Disorders
Therapy for Aphasia
Agraphia
Aphasic Agraphia
Nonaphasic Agraphia
Gerstmann's Syndrome
Agraphia and Acalculia
Finger Agnosia
Right-Left Disorientation
A True Syndrome?
Nonaphasic (Nonlinguistic) Speech Disorders
Dysphonia and Spastic Dysphonia
Dysarthria
Nonaphasic Anomia
Foreign Accent Syndrome
Functional Voice Disorders
Stuttering
Palilalia
Echolalia
Mutism
Summary
Motor System and Behavior
Cortical Anatomy of the Motor System
Primary Motor Cortex
Motor Association Cortex
Limbic Motor Areas
Cortical Motor Control Disorders
Abulia
Apraxia
Subcortical Anatomy of the Motor System
Basal Ganglia
Parallel Cortical-Subcortical Circuits
Direct and Indirect Motor Circuits
Subcortical Motor Control Disorders
Basal Ganglia Vascular Lesions
Emotional Incontinence and Pseudobulbar Palsy
Degenerative and Other Basal Ganglia Disorders
The Cerebellum
Functional Anatomy
Cerebellar Diseases
Summary
Memory and Memory Disorders
Theoretical Models of Memory
Short-Term and Long-Term Memory
Declarative and Procedural Memory
Explicit and Implicit Memory
Functional Neuroanatomy of Memory Processes
Episodic Memory
Semantic Memory
Procedural Memory
Working (Short-Term) Memory
Memory Dysfunction Patterns in Neurological Disorders
Memory Disorders
Acute Memory Disorders
Chronic Memory Disorders
Memory Rehabilitation
Pharmacological Therapy
Cognitive Remediation Therapy
Summary
Executive Function and the Frontal Lobes
Anatomy of the Frontal Lobes
Motor and Premotor Cortex
Prefrontal Cortex
Clinical Characteristics of the Prefrontal Syndrome
Behavior and the Prefrontal Cortex
Cognition and the Prefrontal Cortex
Neurological Deficits and the Prefrontal Cortex
Clinical-Anatomical Relationships in Frontal Lobe Function
Dorsolateral Frontal Circuit
Orbitofrontal Circuit
Medial Frontal Circuit
Role of Dopamine in Frontal Lobe Function
Neurological Disorders and Frontal Lobe Damage
Traumatic Brain Injury
Vascular and Neoplastic Disorders
Herpes Encephalitis
Epilepsy
Frontotemporal Dementia
Assessment of Executive Function
Summary
Emotion and the Limbic System
Theories and Systems of Emotion
Peripheral and Central Theories of Emotion
Relation of Emotion and Limbic Systems
Anatomy and Function of the Limbic System
Subcortical Limbic Areas
Amygdala
Hippocampus and Parahippocampal Gyrus
Temporal Pole
Anterior Cingulate Cortex
Posterior Orbitofrontal Cortex
Insula (the "Island")
Hemispheric Contributions to Emotion
Brain Disorders and Emotional Changes
Paraneoplastic Limbic Encephalitis
Epilepsy
Summary
Therapy for Cognitive and Neurobehavioral Disorders
Therapy: The Big Picture
Nonpharmacological Therapy
Rehabilitation
Speech Therapy
Physical and Occupational Therapy
Cognitive Therapy
Vocational Rehabilitation
Pragmatic Therapeutic Approaches
Coexisting Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders
Depression
Anxiety
Psychosis
Impulsivity
Aggression
Pharmacological Therapy
Tricyclic Antidepressants
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
Venlafaxine
Trazodone
Nefazodone
Bupropion
Mirtazapine
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
Lithium
Antipsychotic drugs
Central Nervous System Stimulants
[alpha subscript 2]-Adrenergic Agonists
Sedative-Hypnotic and Anxiolytic Drugs
Antiepileptic Drugs
Cognition Enhancers
Antioxidants
Other Therapies
Herbs and Dietary Supplements
Vagus Nerve Stimulation
Conditions Affecting Cognition and Behavior
Fatigue
Insomnia
Pain
Sexual Dysfunction
Delirium
Summary
Index