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Children and Their Development

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ISBN-10: 013194911X

ISBN-13: 9780131949119

Edition: 4th 2007 (Revised)

Authors: Kail

List price: $145.20
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Description:

Written by a well-known and respected researcher in the field of child development, this TOPICALLY organized text uses unique and effective pedagogy as the framework of the entire text. Designed to demonstrate how research translates into practice with accessible writing, a modular format, and application-based features such as: Focus on Research, Real Children, Cultural Influences, and Child and Development and Family Policy.
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Book details

List price: $145.20
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 3/1/2006
Binding: Mixed Media
Pages: 576
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 3.146
Language: English

Preface
The Science of Child Development
Setting the Stage
Historical Views of Children and Childhood
Origins of a New Science
Foundational Theories of Child Development
The Biological Perspective
The Psychodynamic Perspective
The Learning Perspective
The Cognitive-Developmental Perspective
The Contextual Perspective
Themes in Child-Development Research
Early Development Is Related to Later Development but Not Perfectly
Development Is Always Jointly Influenced by Heredity and Environment
Children Influence Their Own Development
Development in Different Domains Is Connected
Doing Child-Development Research
Measurement in Child-Development Research
General Designs for Research
Designs for Studying Age-Related Change
Ethical Responsibilities
Communicating Research Results
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Genetic Bases of Child Development
Mechanisms of Heredity
The Biology of Heredity
Single Gene Inheritance
Genetic Disorders
Heredity, Environment, and Development
Behavioral Genetics
Paths From Genes to Behavior
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
From Conception to Birth
Period of the Zygote (Weeks 1-2)
Period of the Embryo (Weeks 3-8)
Period of the Fetus (Weeks 9-38)
Influences on Prenatal Development
General Risk Factors
Teratogens: Diseases, Drugs, and Environmental Hazards
How Teratogens Influence Prenatal Development
Prenatal Diagnosis and Treatment
Happy Birthday!
Labor and Delivery
Approaches to Childbirth
Adjusting to Parenthood
Birth Complications
The Newborn
Assessing the Newborn
The Newborn's Reflexes
Newborn States
Perception and Learning in the Newborn
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Growth and Health
Physical Growth
Features of Human Growth
Mechanisms of Physical Growth
The Adolescent Growth Spurt and Puberty
Challenges to Healthy Growth
Malnutrition
Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia
Obesity
Disease
Accidents
The Developing Nervous System
Organization of the Mature Brain
The Developing Brain
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Perceptual and Motor Development
Basic Sensory and Perceptual Processes
Smell, Taste, and Touch
Hearing
Seeing
Integrating Sensory Information
Complex Perceptual and Attentional Processes
Perceiving Objects
Attention
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Motor Development
Locomotion
Fine-Motor Skills
Physical Fitness
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Theories of Cognitive Development
Setting the Stage: Piaget's Theory
Basic Principles of Piaget's Theory
Stages of Cognitive Development
Piaget's Contributions to Child Development
Modern Theories of Cognitive Development
The Sociocultural Perspective: Vygotsky's Theory
Information Processing
Core-Knowledge Theories
Understanding in Core Domains
Understanding Objects and Their Properties
Understanding Living Things
Understanding People
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Cognitive Processes and Academic Skills
Memory
Origins of Memory
Strategies for Remembering
Knowledge and Memory
Problem Solving
Developmental Trends in Solving Problems
Features of Children's and Adolescents' Problem Solving
Scientific Problem Solving
Academic Skills
Reading
Writing
Knowing and Using Numbers
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Intelligence and Individual Differences in Cognition
What Is Intelligence?
Psychometric Theories
Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Sternberg's Theory of Successful Intelligence
Measuring Intelligence
Binet and the Development of Intelligence Testing
Do Tests Work?
Hereditary and Environmental Factors
Impact of Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status
Special Children, Special Needs
Gifted and Creative Children
Children With Mental Retardation
Children With Learning Disabilities
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Language and Communication
The Road to Speech
Elements of Language
Perceiving Speech
First Steps to Speech
Learning the Meanings of Words
Understanding Words as Symbols
Fast Mapping Meanings to Words
Individual Differences in Word Learning
Encouraging Word Learning
Beyond Words: Other Symbols
Speaking in Sentences
From Two-Word Speech to Complex Sentences
How Do Children Acquire Grammar?
Using Language to Communicate
Taking Turns
Speaking Effectively
Listening Well
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Emotional Development
Emerging Emotions
The Function of Emotions
Experiencing and Expressing Emotions
Recognizing and Using Others' Emotions
Regulating Emotions
Temperament
What Is Temperament?
Hereditary and Environmental Contributions to Temperament
Stability of Temperament
Temperament and Other Aspects of Development
Attachment
The Growth of Attachment
The Quality of Attachment
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Understanding Self and Others
Who Am I? Self-Concept
Origins of Self-Recognition
The Evolving Self-Concept
The Search for Identity
Self-Esteem
Measuring Self-Esteem
Developmental Change in Self-Esteem
Sources of Self-Esteem
Low Self-Esteem: Cause or Consequence?
Understanding Others
Describing Others
Understanding What Others Think
Prejudice
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Moral Understanding and Behavior
Self-Control
Beginnings of Self-Control
Influences on Self-Control
Improving Children's Self-Control
Reasoning About Moral Issues
Piaget's Views
Kohlberg's Theory
Beyond Kohlberg's Theory
Promoting Moral Reasoning
Helping Others
Development of Prosocial Behavior
Skills Underlying Prosocial Behavior
Situational Influences
Socializing Prosocial Behavior
Aggression
Change and Stability
Roots of Aggressive Behavior
Victims of Aggression
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Gender and Development
Gender Stereotypes
How Do We View Men and Women?
Learning Gender Stereotypes
Differences Related to Gender
Differences in Physical Development and Behavior
Differences in Intellectual Abilities and Achievement
Differences in Personality and Social Behavior
Frank Talk about Gender Differences
Gender Identity
The Socializing Influences of People and the Media
Cognitive Theories of Gender Identity
Biological Influences
Gender Roles in Transition
Emerging Gender Roles
Beyond Traditional Gender Roles
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Family Relationships
Parenting
The Family as a System
Styles of Parenting
Parental Behavior
Influences of the Marital System
Children's Contributions
The Changing Family
Impact of Divorce on Children
Blended Families
The Role of Grandparents
Children of Gay and Lesbian Parents
Brothers and Sisters
Firstborn, Laterborn, and Only Children
Qualities of Sibling Relationships
Maltreatment: Parent-Child Relationships Gone Awry
Consequences of Maltreatment
Causes of Maltreatment
Preventing Maltreatment
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Influences Beyond the Family
Peers
Development of Peer Interactions
Friendship
Romantic Relationships
Groups
Popularity and Rejection
Electronic Media
Television
Computers
Institutional Influences
Day Care
Part-Time Employment
Neighborhoods
School
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
Summary
Glossary
References
Acknowledgments
Name Index
Subject Index