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Challenge of Third World Development

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ISBN-10: 0131930702

ISBN-13: 9780131930704

Edition: 4th 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Howard Handelman

List price: $73.60
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Description:

This book explores political, economic, and social issues common to diverse Third World countries. It stresses the themes of democratization, modernization, and dependency theory, examining the nature of underdevelopment. The text analyzes the major political and socio economic rifts that divide many of these nations and the efforts being made to understand and address these challenges.
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Book details

List price: $73.60
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 324
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.880
Language: English

Howard Handelman is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Preface
Understanding Underdevelopment
Third World Commonalities: The Nature of Underdevelopment
Economic Underdevelopment
Social Underdevelopment
Political Underdevelopment
Some Relationships among the Components of Development
The Causes of Underdevelopment
Modernization Theory and the Importance of Cultural Values
Dependency Theory
Modernization and Dependency Theory Compared
Contemporary Perspectives
Discussion Questions
Notes
Democratic Change and the Change to Democracy
Democracy Defined
Democratic Transition and Consolidation
Authoritarian Beginnings
Justifying Authoritarian Rule
The Third Wave and Its Effect on the Third World
International Causes and Consequences of the Third Wave
The Prerequisites of Democracy in Individual Countries
Social and Economic Modernization
Class Structure
Political Culture
How Do Democracies Perform? Public Policy Compared
Conclusion: Democratic Consolidation
Discussion Questions
Notes
Religion and Politics
The Meeting of Church and State
Great Religions of the Third World
Religion, Modernity, and Secularization
Structural and Theological Bases of Church-State Relations
Islam
Catholicism
Hinduism and Buddhism
Religious Fundamentalism: Islam and Hinduism
Defining and Explaining Fundamentalism
Fundamentalists: Radical and Conservative
"Sacred Rage and the Iranian Revolution": Radical Fundamentalism as a Reaction to Western-Style Modernization
Al Qaeda and Militant Islamic Fundamentalism
Radical Hindu Fundamentalism
The Progressive Catholic Church
Religion and Politics in the Developing World: Looking to the Future
Conclusion: Religion and Democracy
Discussion Questions
Notes
The Politics of Cultural Pluralism and Ethnic Conflict
Defining Ethnicity
Ethnic and State Boundaries
Types of Ethnic-Cultural Divisions
Nationality
Tribe
Race
Religion
Independence, Modernization, and Ethnic Conflict
Levels of Interethnic Conflict
Relative Harmony
Uneasy Balance
Enforced Hierarchy (Ethnic Dominance)
Systematic Violence
Outcomes and Resolutions
Power Sharing: Federalism and Consociationalism
Secession
Outside Intervention
Outside Intervention in Iraq: The Effect of the U.S. Occupation on Ethnic Relations
Settlement through Exhaustion
Toward a Peaceful Resolution of Conflict
Conclusion: Ethnic Pluralism and Democracy
Discussion Questions
Notes
Women and Development
The Political and Socioeconomic Status of Third World Women
Westernization, Modernization, and the Economic Status of Women
Women in the Countryside
Urbanization and the Status of Women
Women and Politics
Women's Political Activism at the Grass Roots
Women as National Political Leaders
Reserved Seats and Quotas: Female Representation in Parliament and the Cabinet
Women and Revolutionary Change
The Status of Women: The Roles of Modernization, Globalization, and Regime Type
Conclusion: Democracy and the Role of Women in Society
Discussion Questions
Notes
Agrarian Reform and the Politics of Rural Change
Rural Class Structures
Peasant Politics
The Politics of Agrarian Reform
Patterns of Land Concentration
The Case for Agrarian Reform
Types of Agrarian Reform
Externally Imposed Reform
Revolutionary Transformation
Moderate Reformism
The Limits of Agrarian Reform
Other Approaches and Issues
Crop Pricing
Conclusion: Democracy and Rural Reform
Discussion Questions
Notes
Rapid Urbanization and the Politics of the Urban Poor
The Political Consequences of Urban Growth
The Struggle for Employment
The Struggle for Housing among the Urban Poor
Public Housing and the Role of the State
Spontaneous Housing
Sites-and-Services Programs
The Struggle Against Urban Crime
The Politics of the Urban Poor: Conflicting Images
Forms of Political Expression among the Urban Poor
Individual Political Behavior
Collective Goals: Housing and Urban Services
Radical Political Behavior
Conclusion: Future Urban Growth and Democratic Politics
Discussion Questions
Notes
Revolutionary Change
Defining Revolution
Underlying Causes of Revolution
Inexorable Historical Forces
Regime Decay
Challenge from Below
Causes of Revolution: A Summary
Levels of Popular Support
Peasants as Revolutionaries
Why Peasants Rebel
Which Peasants Rebel
Revolutionary Leadership
Revolutionaries in Power
Conclusion: Revolutionary Change and Democracy
Discussion Questions
Notes
Soldiers and Politics
The Causes of Military Intervention
The Nature of the Armed Forces
The Nature of Civil Society
Progressive Soldiers and Military Conservatives
The Goals of Military Regimes
Personalistic Regimes
Institutional Military Regimes
The Accomplishments and Failures of Military Regimes
Combating Corruption
Defending Corporate Interests
Patterns in Military Spending
Establishing Stability
Economic Development
Military Withdrawal from Politics
New Roles for the Armed Forces
Conclusion: Democracy and the Military
Discussion Questions
Notes
The Political Economy of Third World Development
The Role of the State
The Command Economy
Latin American Statism
East Asia's Developmental State
The Neoclassical Ideal
Finding a Proper Role for the State
Industrialization Strategies
Import-Substituting Industrialization (ISI)
Export-Oriented Industrialization (EOI)
East and Southeast Asia's Economic Crisis
The Onset of the Crisis
Causes of the Asian Crisis
Consequences of the 1997 Crash
Implications for East Asia's Growth Model
East Asia's Recovery
Growth with Equity
Economic Development and the Environment
The Costs of Growth
Environmental Decay as a Third World Problem
Environmental Decay in the LDCs as a Global Problem
The Search for Sustainable Development
Some Signs of Progress
Finding the Right Mix
Conclusion: Democracy and Economic Development
Discussion Questions
Notes