Assessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping Professionals

ISBN-10: 0131707841

ISBN-13: 9780131707849

Edition: 6th 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Robert J. Drummond, Karyn Dayle Jones

List price: $117.33
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Description:

The leading text in appraisal for counselors, is a thorough overview covering basic measurement theory and all relevant tests. It provides guidance on how and when to use tests in different environments with different populations, and practical guidance on basic procedures like test selection, administration, and reporting. Key revisions include significant expansion of measurement foundations, separate chapters on validity and reliability as well as a new chapter on "Understanding Test Scores." More case studies have also been added throughout the text to help readers understand how to work with assessments and assessment results.
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Book details

List price: $117.33
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 496
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.980
Language: English

Karyn Dayle Jonesnbsp;is an associate professor in counselor education at the University of Central Florida. She has 20 years of experience in the counseling profession and has been a counselor educator for 14 years. Jones is coauthor of Introduction to the Profession of Counseling, has authored or coauthored several book chapters and refereed publications, and has made numerous professional presentations in the field of counseling and counselor education. Her primary areas of research are assessment and diagnosis. She is the past president of the Counseling Association for Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, a division of the American Counseling Association. Jones is a Florida Licensed Mental Health Counselor, and a National Certified Counselor, and she has worked as a counselor in mental health agencies, schools, and private practice. nbsp; The lateRobert J. Drummondtaught Counselor Education at the University of North Florida for twenty years before retiring. In addition toAssessment Procedures for Counselors and Helping Professional,he was the author ofCareer Counseling: A Developmental Approach(Prentice Hall, 1994) as well a number of book chapters and journal articles. He passed away in 2005.

Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Assessment
Testing and Assessment
Value of Testing
Standardized and Nonstandardized Tests
Historical Contexts
Current Issues
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Statistical Concepts
Role of Statistics
Four Scales of Measurement
Nominal Scale
Ordinal Scale
Interval Scale
Ratio Scale
What Scores Look Like
Frequency Distribution
Graphic Presentations
Symmetry and Skewness
Measures of Central Tendency
Mode
Mean
Median
Comparison of Measures of Central Tendency
Measures of Variability
Range
Variance
Standard Deviation
Measures of Relationship
Pearson Product Moment Correlation
Regression
Factor Analysis
Normal Curve
Inferential Statistics
Statistical Software
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Understanding Test Scores
Test Scores
Scoring and Interpreting Tests
Models of Scoring
Examples of Test Scoring
Scoring Alternate and Authentic Assessments
Criterion- and Norm-Referenced Interpretation
Criterion-Referenced Interpretation
Norm-Referenced Interpretation
Percentiles
Standard Scores
Developmental Intraindividual Comparison
Age Norms
Grade Equivalent and Placement Scores
Norming Groups
Conversion Tables
Profiles
Standards for Scoring and Interpretation
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Validity
Validity
Content Validity
Criterion-Related Validity
Construct Validity
Consequential Validity
Overview of Validation Concepts
Threats to Test Validity
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Reliability
Reliability
Reliability Coefficients
Methods of Assessing Reliability
Standard Error of Measurement
Factors Influencing Reliability
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Process and Procedures of Testing
Decision Theory Model
Making Decisions and Judgments
Identifying the Type of Information Needed
Identifying Available Information
Strategies to Obtain Additional Information
Locating Appropriate Tests
Evaluating and Selecting Tests
Practical Issues in Testing
Time of Testing
Cost of Testing
Format of Test
Readability
Ease of Administration
Ease of Scoring
Ease of Interpretation
Available Aids for Test Administrators
Usefulness of the Test Manual
Steps in Test Development
Test Administration Guidelines and Procedures
Standards for Test Administration
Pretesting Procedures
Examiner Knowledge
Management Details
Training Test Administrators
Awareness and Orientation
Administering the Test
Posttesting Procedures
Major Issues and Problems in Test Administration
Examiner Bias
Feedback on the Test and Test Administration
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Legal and Ethical Concerns and Issues in Testing
Professional Standards and Codes of Ethics
NBCC Code of Ethics
APA Standards
ACA Code of Ethics
Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing
National Council on Measurement in Education
Social and Ethical Issues
Professional Training and Competence
Responsibilities of the Test Takers
Test Quality
Client Welfare Issues
Internet Testing
Gender Bias
Multicultural Differences
Responsible Test Use
Legal Aspects
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (Buckley Amendment)
Public Law 94-142: Education of All Handicapped Children Act
Public Law 98-524: The Vocational Education Act of 1984
Public Law 99-457: Amendment to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1975
Public Law 101-476: Education of the Handicapped Act of 1990
Public Law 101-336: Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Public Law 107-110: No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
Employment Laws
Court Decisions on Educational Testing
Court Decisions on Employment Testing
Questions and Procedures
Current Trends and Perspectives
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Ability and Intelligence Testing
Definitions of Intelligence
Models of Intelligence
Spearman's g
Thurstone's Multifactor Theory
E. L. Thorndike
Hierarchical Theory
Guilford's Model of Intelligence
Cattell's Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
Sternberg's Cognitive Approaches to Intelligence
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Multicultural Issues
Types of Tests
Individual Scales
Intelligence Tests for Special Populations
Trends and Issues
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Aptitude Testing
Aptitude Tests
Multiaptitude Batteries
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery
Differential Aptitude Test Battery, Fifth Edition
General Aptitude Test Battery
Career Ability Placement Survey
Admissions Tests
Specialized Aptitude Tests
Clerical Ability
Mechanical Ability
Psychomotor Ability
Artistic Aptitude
Musical Aptitude
Computer Aptitude
Trends
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
The Assessment of Achievement
Types of Achievement Tests
Survey Achievement Batteries
Criterion-Referenced Tests
Item Banks
Minimum-Level Skills Tests
State Assessment Tests
National Assessment of Educational Progress
Subject-Area Tests
Individual Achievement Tests
Adult Achievement Tests
Diagnostic Tests
Using Achievement Test Results
Factors Affecting Test Scores
Analysis of Class Profile
Alternate Assessment
Curiculum-Based Measurement
Observational Approaches
Test Behavior Observational Scales
Clinical Observations
Self-Observations
Unstructured versus Structured Observation
Problems in Observation
Critical Incident Approach
Situation Tests
Unobtrusive versus Participant Observation
Training Observers
Methods of Data Collection
Anecdotal Records
Behavior Tallying and Charting
Checklists
Rating Scales
Guidelines for Observation
Authentic Assessment
Guidelines for Authentic Assessment Systems
Scoring Rubrics
Issues and Problems
Portfolio Assessment
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Career and Employment Testing
Interest Inventories
Self-Directed Search
Strong Interest Inventory
Career Occupational Preference System
Other Interest Inventories
Values
Guidelines for Interpreting Tests
Career Development Instruments
Combined Programs
Problems of Interest Measurement
Employment Testing
Types of Tests
Certification
Test Use in Government
Occupational and Professional Licensing
Test Use in the Military Sector
Personnel Selection and Classification Techniques
Biographical Data
Interviews
Assessment Center
Job Analysis
WorkKeys
Guidelines for Employee Selection
Using the MBTI in Organizations
Personnel Selection Inventory
Current Trends and Perspectives
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Personality Testing
Role of Personality Theory
Psychodynamic Approaches
Behavioral Approaches
Humanistic Approaches
Trait, Type, and State Theories
Empirical Approaches
Techniques for Measuring Personality
Verbal Techniques
Visual Techniques
Drawing Techniques
Manipulative Techniques
Objective Techniques
Format of Tests
Dimensions of Personality
Enneagram
Self-Concept Scales
Problems in Personality Assessment
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Clinical Assessment
Clinical Assessment
Types of Tests and Assessment Techniques
Models of Clinical Assessment
Tests in Counseling
Assessment Approaches
Interviews
Behavioral Assessment
Behavioral Observation
Self-Monitoring
Simulation and Analogue Methods
Tests That Assess DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders
Psychodiagnostic Testing
Neuropsychological Assessment Batteries
Interviewing Children and Adolescents
Pitfalls
Cultural Issues in Personality Assessment
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Assessment of Development
General Principles
Domains
Methods of Assessment
Early Identification
Language Development
Cognitive Stages
Psychosocial Development
Moral Development
Career Development
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Environmental Assessment
Theoretical Background
Models and Dimensions
Assessment Strategies
Family and Home Environment
School Environment
School Climate
Learning Styles
Processing Style
Modality Assessment
Cognitive Style
Learning Styles: A Multiple Intelligences Approach
Learning Personalities
Learning Style Inventories
Work Environment
Person-Environment-Fit
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
The Computer in Assessment
Computer Uses
Computer-Assisted Testing
Computer-Adaptive Testing
Differences Between Conventional and Computer Tests
The Graduate Record Examination (Gre)
Computer-Aided Personality Testing
Evaluating Computer-Based Adaptive Testing
Internet-Based Assessment
Computer Simulation in Testing
Professional Standards and Guidelines
Sources of Information
Computer Options
Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer Applications
Software for Test Development
Trends and Issues
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Working with Diverse Populations
Standards for Testing People with Disabling Conditions
Testing Linguistic Minorities
IDEA
Preschool Evaluations
Types of Disabilities and Disorders
Communication Disorders
Intellectual Disabilities
Behavior Disorders
Hearing Impairment
Visual Impairment
Individuals Who Are Gifted or Talented
Standards for Multicultural Assessment
Technical Considerations
Administration and Scoring
Use and Interpretation
Test Bias
Test Taker Bias Factors
Examiner Bias Factors
Developing Greater Multicultural Understanding
Ethical Principles
Etic and Emic Perspectives
Acculturation
Strategies
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Assessment Issues in Education
High- Stakes Testing
Student Assessment Programs
Scholastic Aptitude Tests
Multifactor Aptitude Tests
Career Guidance Tests
Needs Assessments
Developmental Model
Test-Taking Skills
Stress Reduction
Test Anxiety
Measures of Test Anxiety
Strategies to Help Test Anxiety
Relaxation Techniques
Improving Test Scores
Coaching
Strategies to Increase Test Wiseness
Application of Test Wiseness to Teacher-Made Tests
Workshop on Test-Taking Skills
Other Factors
Information on Test Taking
Test Alert
Learning Styles
Processing Style
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Communicating Test Results
Test Reports
Written Reports
Purpose of Written Reports
Dimensions of Reports
Models of Assessment
Test-Oriented Model
Domain-Oriented Model
Hypothesis-Oriented Model
Levels of Reports
Guidelines for Communicating Test Results
Informed Consent
Standards for Reporting Test Results
Methods of Reporting Test Results
Individual Sessions
Group Sessions
Written Reports
Computer-Generated Test Reports
Video Approaches
Oral Reports
Problem Areas
Acceptance
Readiness of the Client
Negative Results
Flat Profiles
Motivation and Attitude
Communication of Test Results to the Public
General Guidelines
The Tester as Consultant: Legal Considerations
Ethical Standards for Consultation
Consulting with Parents
Explaining Test Results to Parents
Parent-Examiner Conferences
Types of Questions Parents Ask About Tests
Other Areas of Concern to Parents
The Informing Interview
Parents as Test Interpreters
Consulting with Teachers
Indirect Delivery Model
Problem-Solving Consulting Model
Consulting with Other Professionals
Evaluation of the Consultant
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Suggested Activities
Additional Readings
Test Publishers and Distributors
Glossary
References
Test Index
Name Index
Subject Index
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