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Racial Profiling From Rhetoric to Reason

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ISBN-10: 0131273795

ISBN-13: 9780131273795

Edition: 2006

Authors: Brian L. Withrow

List price: $74.20
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The first and only truly objective book to move the racial profiling controversy from its current rhetorical base into a reasoned argument.Racial Profilingfocuses on the scientific investigation of racial profiling without alternative political or social agendas, devoting equal attention to the multiple perspectives of this controversial topic. This bookrsquo;s scholarly approach presents the topic in an objective way, facilitating learning and making readers more informed consumers of the research.Features the most comprehensive literature review of what we know and what we donrsquo;t know about the extend of racial profilingidentifies the seven most important research questions within the…    
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Book details

List price: $74.20
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 4/21/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 0.880

(Note: Each chapter begins with an Introduction and concludes with a Summary and Discussion Questions and Case Studies section.)
An Emergence
The Police and the Minority Community
Police Abuse and the Minority Community
The Influence of Race in Police Decision Making
Differential Community Support for the Police
The Promise and Peril of Community Policing
Profiling as an Enforcement Tool
Profiling Defined
Hijacker Profiling
Criminal Profiling
Drug Courier Profiling
How Race Became a Part of the Profile
The Dynamics of the Traffic Stop
The Stories and Media Attention
Whren v. United States
New Jersey: Racial Profilingrsquo;s Ground Zero
What We Know and Donrsquo;t Know
Definitions and Measures
The Structure of Racial Profiling Inquiry
Salient Research Questions
Are Minorities Stopped More Frequently?
Are There Differences in the Reasons for the Stops?
Are Minorities Searched More Frequently?
Are Stops Involving Minorities More Punitive?
Are Minorities Detained Longer During Stops?
Are Incidents of Physical Resistance/Confrontation More Frequent?
Do the Officersrsquo; Characteristics Matter?
Overall Limitations of the Research
Critical Methodological Issues
Defining Racial Profiling
Conceptual and Operational Definitions
The Denominator Problem
Types of Benchmarks
Advantages and Disadvantages of Benchmarks
Does It Really Make a Difference?
Measuring Who Gets Stopped
Causality: Correlation Is Not Cause
Explaining the Disparity
Explanatory Continuums
Do Differential Offending Rates Explain the Disparity?
Potential Theoretical Explanations
The Behavior of Individual Criminal Justice Actors
The Behavior of Criminal Justice Agencies
The Behavior of the Entire Criminal Justice System and Its Component Parts
Conflict Theory
The Theory of Differential Attentiveness
The Political and Legal Response
The Political Response
The Legal Response
The Fourth Amendment - Unreasonable Search and Seizure
The Fourteenth Amendment - Equal Protection
Title 42, U.S.C., Section 14141 - Pattern and Practice
Stop and Frisk - The Terry Rule
Pretextual Stops
Title 42, U.S.C., Section 1983
Other Key Legal Rulings
Conducting Racial Profiling Studies (Best Practices)
Precipitating Events
Common Obstacles
Critical Steps
Enlisting the Help of Others
Developing Salient Research Questions
Data Collection Strategies
Data Analysis
Reporting the Results
Control Police Discretion
Control Consent Searches
Pay Attention to Deployment
Manage the Leaderrsquo;s Influence
Provide Proactive Training and Education
Recruit a Reflective Workforce
Use Technology
Change the Law
Make New Law
Make the Police More Accountable
Can We Really Make a Difference?
Whatrsquo;s Next?