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Philosophy Student Writer's Manual

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ISBN-10: 013099166X

ISBN-13: 9780130991669

Edition: 2nd 2003

Authors: Anthony J. Graybosch, Gregory M. Scott, Stephen M. Garrison

List price: $60.80
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Description:

For Introduction to Philosophy, Ethics, Critical Thinking/Informal Logic, and Interdisciplinary Writing Courses. This manual contains all the material needed to write successful philosophy papers, providing such necessary tools as philosophy background, helpful writing strategies, research tips, and format instructions. User-friendly in approach, this text also includes samples of good student writing that will serve as concrete models as well as inspire students to write good philosophy themselves.
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Book details

List price: $60.80
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 9/17/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 259
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.880
Language: English

Preface
An Introduction to the Discipline of Philosophy
Philosophy Is Nothing New
Are You Dreaming?
What Is Philosophy?
What Does Philosophy Accomplish?
A Handbook of Style for Philosophy
Writing as Communication
Writing to Learn
Challenge Yourself
The Nature of the Writing Process
Maintaining Self-Confidence
Organizing Your Writing
The Nature of the Process
Selecting a Topic
Narrowing Your Topic
Defining a Purpose
Finding a Thesis
The Thesis Sentence
Defining Your Audience
Invention Strategies
Free Writing
Brainstorming
Asking Questions
Outlining
Outlining for Yourself
Outlining for Your Reader
Formal Outline Papers
Organizing Your Thoughts
The Rough Draft
Language Choices
Level of Formality
Descriptive Language
Revising Your Writing
Editing
Catching Mistakes
Miscues
Proofreading
Writing Competently
General Rules of Grammar and Style
Competent Writing
Consider Your Audience
Aim for Consistency
Have Confidence in What You Know
Eliminate Chronic Errors
Sentence Structure
Fused Sentences
Sentence Fragments
Dangling Modifiers
Parallelism
Pronoun Errors
Its Versus It's
Vague Pronoun References
Pronoun Agreement
Shift in Person
Punctuation
Apostrophes
Capitalization
When to Capitalize
When Not to Capitalize
Colons
Commas
The Comma Splice
Commas in a Compound Sentence
Commas in a Series
Commas with Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Elements
Quotation Marks
When to Use Quotation Marks
Quotation Marks in Relation to Other Punctuation
Semicolons
Spelling
Commonly Confused Words
Commonly Misspelled Words
Technical and Ordinary Usage of Philosophical Terms
Conducting Research in Philosophy
Organizing the Research Process
Gaining Control of the Research Process
Effective Research Methods
Ethical Use of Source Material
Information in Your Library and Similar Places
Information Resources in Your College Library
Directories
Dictionaries
Periodicals
Periodical Indexes
Research Institutes
Philosophy and Cyberspace
Narrow Sources of Information
General Sources of Information
Four Major Directories
Encyclopedias
Directories of Texts
Advice on How to Write a Philosophy Paper
Internet Resources for Writing Well
Advice for Distance Learners
Formats for Philosophy Papers
Getting Started
General Page Format
Title Page
Abstract
Table of Contents
Lists of Tables and Figures
Text
Chapter Headings
Illustrations and Figures
Reference Page
Appendixes
Citing Sources
Preliminary Decisions
What to Document
Which Citation System to Use
The Importance of Consistency
Using the Style Manual
Documentary-Note System: Numbered References
General Format Rules
Numbering System
Placement of Superscript Numerals
Multiple Notes
Models for Documentary Notes and Bibliographical Citations
Differences Between Endnotes and Bibliography
Books
Periodicals
Public Documents
Electronic Sources
Interviews
Unpublished Sources
Subsequent or Shortened References in Notes
How to Think and Write Like a Philosopher
Principles of Argument
The Throws of Argument
The Definition of an Argument
The Two Basic Types of Argument
Validity and Soundness
Deductive Validity
Nondeductive Validity
Cogency
Patterns of Reasoning
Valid Forms of Argument
Tautologies
Modus Ponens
Hypothetical Syllogisms
Modus Tollens
Dilemmas
Indirect Proof or Reductio ad Absurdum
Contradictions
Analogies
Induction by Elimination
Induction by Enumeration
Inference to the Best Explanation
The Hypothetical-Deductive Method
Applications
A Map of How to Arrange a Philosophy Paper
Avoiding Fallacies
Formal Fallacies
Denying the Antecedent
Affirming the Consequent
The Exclusive Fallacy
Informal Fallacies
Susceptibility to Fallacies
Invalid Appeal to Authority
Straw Person
Inconsistency
False Dilemma
Complex Question
Begging the Question
Suppressed Evidence
Lack of Proportion
Appeal to Unknowlable Statistics
Ad Hominem
Guilt by Association
Two Wrongs Make a Right
Equivocation
Appeal to Ignorance
Composition
Division
Hasty Conclusion
Questionable Cause
Questionable Analogy
Appeal to Pity
Appeal to the Stick
Appeal to Loyalty
Provincialism
Popularity
Double Standard
Invincible Ignorance
Identifying Fallacies
Calculating Probabilities
Emotive Language
Writing Sound Arguments
What Is a Position Paper?
The Steps to Writing a Position Paper
Selecting a Topic
Conducting Research
Selecting a Position
Defining Premises
Constructing an Outline
Checking for Fallacies
Writing the Argument
Testing the Argument
Revising the Argument
The Format of a Position Paper
History of Philosophy Papers
A Very Short History of the Great Philosophers
How to Write a History of Philosophy Paper
Hints on Writing History of Philosophy Papers
The Contents of a History of Philosophy Paper
Writing Applied Ethics Papers
What Is Ethics?
The Distinction Between Fact and Value
Approaches to Ethics
Consequentialism
Deontology: Kant
Other Ethical Theories
Perennial Issues for Political Ethics: Justice and Rights
Applying Ethical Theories and Political Philosophy
Professional Codes of Ethics
Analyzing a Professional Code of Ethics
Writing a Personal Ethics Statement
Examples of Famous Statements of Ethics
Kindergarten Wisdom
Ten Commandments
Man is Born in Tao
Declaration of Independence
Humanist Manifesto II
Thus Spoke Zarathustra
The Unabomber Manifesto
Writing Your Own Personal Code of Ethics
Situation 1
Situation 2
Situation 3
Situation 4
The Contents of a Personal Ethics Statement
Two Sample Student Ethics Statements
Jeremy Scott's Essay
Chris Allen's Essay
Writing a Critique of a Brief Ethics Statement
Target Statement Selection
Target Statement Analysis
System Definition
Criteria Definition
Verify Identification
Error Identification
Conclusion
Sample Student Papers
A Paper from Personal Values: The Matrix
A Paper from Biomedical Ethics: Stem Cell Research
A Group Paper from Moral Issues in Parenting: Should We Be Raising Altruists?
Glossary
Index