Life of Primates

ISBN-10: 0130488283

ISBN-13: 9780130488282

Edition: 2008

Authors: Pamela Ashmore, Pia Nystrom

List price: $92.60
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Description:

The field of primatology has grown to become very complex and now incorporates information from molecular genetics, physiology, and brain studies. Many of the texts imparting this information are much too advanced for undergraduate students. Pia Nystrom & Pamela Ashmore present to you a comprehensive text written about nonhuman primates built from the ground up written for the undergraduate student. nbsp; The Life of Primates, 1/e helps students tackle the complex ideas and issues of primatology by first establishing the context and groundwork from which these studies were conducted.
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Book details

List price: $92.60
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 1/28/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 464
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.408
Language: English

Preface
Introduction to the Nonhuman Primates
How Much Like Us?
What Is a Primate?
The Extremities (Hands and Feet)
Locomotion
Sense Organs
Dentition
Reproduction and Socialization
Behavior and Ecology
What Is Primatology?
Why Study Primates?
Primates as Models
Where Does One Go To Study Nonhuman Primates?
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
Primate Classification
Classification Systems
What Is a Species?
How New Species Appear
Naming a Species
Primate Taxonomy
Higher Taxonomic Units
The Two Primate Suborders: Strepsirhini and Haplorhini
The Strepsirhine Primates
Superfamily: Lemuroidea
Superfamily: Lorisoidea
The Haplorhine Primates
Three Haplorhine Infraorders
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
Primate Biogeography
Where Do Primates Live Today?
World Biomes
Rain Forest
Seasonal Forest
Woodland Forest
Savanna
Semi-Desert Scrub
Temperate Woodland Forest
Distribution of Primates
The Strepsirhines
The Haplorhine Primates: The Tarsiers
The Catarrhine Monkeys, Cercopithecinae
The Catarrhine Monkeys, Colobinae
The Asian Apes
The African Apes
The Platyrrhine Monkeys
Biogeographical Patterns
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
The Primate Body
The General Primate Body Plan
Skeleton
Dentition
Body Size and Energy Requirements
Diet and Dietary Adaptations
Nutritional Gain with Different Diets
Locomotor Systems
Sensory Systems
The Brain
The Olfactory System
The Visual System
The Tactile System
The Auditory System
The Taste System
Reproductive Biology
Growth and Development
Life Expectancy
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
Primate Evolution
What Is Evolution and How Does It Work?
How Do We Discern Ancestor-Descendant Relationships?
Evolutionary Models for Primate Evolution
The Nature of the Primate Fossil Record
How Do We Date a Fossil?
Earth Is Constantly Changing
Plate Tectonics
Climate
How Life on Earth Has Evolved
Fossil Primates
The First Primates to Be Recognized: The Euprimates
The First Haplorhines
The Tarsier Lineage
The Platyrrhines: The First Monkeys of the Americas
The First Catarrhines
The First True Apes
Basal Monkey Catarrhines
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
Primate Ecology
How Primates Use their Environment
Ecology Basics
The Components of an Ecosystem
Factors that Limit Populations
Species Interactions: Primates as Prey
Parasitic Predators
Primate-Plant Interactions
Primates as Pollinators
Primates as Seed Dispersers
Primates as Pruners
Behavioral Ecology of Primates
How to Study Behavioral Ecology
How Food Is Distributed in the Various Biomes
How Primates Find Food
Intergroup Competition and Competitive Exclusion
Polyspecific Associations
Ranging Behavior
Territoriality
Activity Cycles
Active Time
How Do Primates Divide Up Their Day?
Seasonal Influences on Time Budgets
Extreme Form of Energy Conservation
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
Primate Social Organization
Why Do Some Primates Live in Social Groups While Some Do Not?
Types of Social Groupings
Solitary Foragers
One Male-One Female or Pair Group
One Male-Multifemale Group
Multimale-Multifemale Group
Complex, Multileveled Group
Why Do Animals Migrate?
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
Primate Social Relationships
Primates as Social Organisms
Primate Relationships
The Adaptive Value of Social Behavior: Selfishness, Kin Selection, and Altruism
Types of Primate Social Relationships
Relationships Between Males
Relationships Between Females
Relationships Between Males and Females
Relationships Between Adults and Young
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
Primate Communication
What is Language?
Theories about the Origin of our Language Ability
Origin of Language and Mirror Neurons
Origin of Language and the FOX Gene Family
How Different is Human Vocal Communication from that of Other Primates?
Ways to Communicate
Communication using Olfaction
Communication using Vision
Communication using Tactile Senses
Communication using Vocalization
Vocalization of Primates in their Natural Environments
What Do Primates Tell Each Other?
Talking with the Apes: Captive Studies
Teaching Apes to Speak and Understand Our Speech
Teaching Apes Sign Language
Teaching Apes Symbols
What Does Our Language Have in Common with the Vocal Communications of Primates?
Language Perception
Semantic Ability
Syntactical Ability
How is Language and Vocal Communication Acquired?
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
The Primate Brain and Complex Behavior
What We can Learn by Studying the Brain
Why Study Nonhuman Primate Minds?
Do You Need a Big Brain to Perform Complex Behaviors?
Exploring Mental States in Primates
Theory of Mind
Awareness
Why Should Primates Need to Think? Exploring Mental States in Primates
Social Manipulation and Deception
Cooperation and Planning-Hunting Primates
Cooperation and Knowledge Transfer
Primates Who Make and Use Tools
What Does It Take to Use and Make a Tool?
How are Tool-using and Tool-making Skills Learned?
Can Primates Count and Do Arithmetic?
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
Primate Conservation
What Is the Future for the Primate Order?
Shrinking Habitats
What Is Bushmeat and How Does It Differ from Any Other Wild Game?
Epidemics and Transmissible Diseases
The Primate Pet Trade
Canned and Trophy Hunting
Conservation
Conservation in the Wild
Conservation in Captivity
Primates in Medical Research
Summary
Key Words
Study Questions
Suggested Readings and Related Web Sites
Metric-Imperial Conversions
Comparative Primate Skeletons
Glossary
References
Credits
Index
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