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PEM Fuel Cells Theory and Practice

ISBN-10: 0123877105

ISBN-13: 9780123877109

Edition: 2nd 2013

Authors: Frano Barbir

List price: $99.95
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Description:

Fuel cells are electrochemical energy conversion devices that convert hydrogen and oxygen into water, producing electricity and heat in the process and providing fuel efficiency and reductions in pollutants. Demand for this technology is growing rapidly. Fuel cells are being commercialized for stationary and portable electricity generation, and as a replacement for internal combustion engines in automobiles. Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells in particular are experiencing an upsurge. They have high power density and can vary their output quickly to meet shifts in power demand. Until now, there has been little written about this important technology. This book lays the groundwork for fuel cell engineers, technicians and students. It covers the fundamental aspects of fuel cell design, electrochemistry of the technology, heat and mass transport, system design and applications to bring this technology to professionals at all levels. * Comprehensive guide for engineers, researchers and policymakers * Covers theory and practice of PEM fuel cells * Contains hundreds of original illustrations and real-life engineering examples
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Book details

List price: $99.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 11/9/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 444
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 1.694
Language: English

Foreword
Preface and acknowledgments
Preface to the Second Edition
Introduction
What Is a Fuel Cell?
A Very Brief History of Fuel Cells
Types of Fuel Cells
How Does a PEM Fuel Cell Work?
Why Do We Need Fuel Cells?
Fuel Cell Applications
References
Fuel Cell Basic Chemistry and Thermodynamics
Basic Reactions
Heat of Reaction
Higher and Lower Heating Value of Hydrogen
Theoretical Electrical Work
Theoretical Fuel Cell Potential
Effect of Temperature
Theoretical Fuel Cell Efficiency
Carnot Efficiency Myth
Effect of Pressure
Summary
Problems
Quiz
References
Fuel Cell Electrochemistry
Electrode Kinetics
Voltage Losses
Cell Potential: Polarization Curve
Distribution of Potential Across a Fuel Cell
Sensitivity of Parameters in Polarization Curve
Fuel Cell Efficiency
Implications and Use of Fuel Cell Polarization Curve
Solution
Solution
Solution
Problems
Quiz
References
Main Cell Components, Material Properties, and Processes
Cell Description
Membrane
Solution
Electrodes
Gas Diffusion Layer
Bipolar Plates
Problems
Quiz
References
Fuel Cell Operating Conditions
Operating Pressure
Operating Temperature
Reactant Flow Rates
Reactant Humidity
Fuel Cell Mass Balance
Fuel Cell Energy Balance
Problems
Quiz
References
Stack Design
Sizing a Fuel Cell Stack
Stack Configuration
Uniform Distribution of Reactants to Each Cell
Uniform Distribution of Reactants Inside Each Cell
Solution
Heat Removal from a Fuel Cell Stack
Solution
Solution
Stack Clamping
Problems
Quiz
References
Fuel Cell Modeling
Theory and Governing Equations
Modeling Domains
Modeling Examples
Conclusions
Problems
Quiz
References
Fuel Cell Diagnostics
Electrochemical Techniques
Physical and Chemical Methods
Conclusions
Problems
Quiz
References
Fuel Cell System Design
Hydrogen/Oxygen Systems
Hydrogen/Air Systems
Solution
Solution
Fuel Cell Systems with Fuel Processors
Electrical Subsystem
System Efficiency
Problems
Quiz
References
Fuel Cell Applications
Transportation Applications
Stationary Power
Backup Power
Fuel Cells for Small Portable Power
Regenerative Fuel Cells and Their Applications
Problems
Quiz
References
Durability of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells
Introduction
Scope and Organization of This Chapter
Types of Performance Losses
PEFC Components Associated with Different Types of Losses
Operating Conditions
Accelerated Test Protocols
Conclusions and Future Outlook
Acknowledgments
References
Future of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen
Introduction
A Brief History of Hydrogen as a Fuel
Hydrogen Energy Technologies
Is the Present Global Energy System Sustainable?
Predicting the Future
Sustainable Energy System of the Future
Transition to Hydrogen or a "Hydricity Economy"
The Coming Energy Revolution?
Conclusions
References
Index